100 Years in Pictures

Cleveland mayor Ralph S. LocherLeadership of a 1933 initiative to replace squalid tenements with subsidized garden apartmentsThe Great Lakes Science Center’s wind turbineInstitute of Pathology at Western Reserve University, as it appeared at its opening in 1929Glenville High School students, 1914The RetreatFrances Southworth GoffGreen City Growers Cooperative’s 3.25-acre hydroponic greenhouse in the Central neighborhood opened in 2013.  Alfred M. Rankin Jr.Cleveland BalletThe 2011 renovation of the Allen Theatre's main auditoriumEllwood H. FisherThe foundation helped to draft and win passage of a clean energy law for Ohio.Green City Growers supplies Bibb lettuce, green leaf lettuce, gourmet lettuces and basil to institutional and commercial customers.MAGNET incubator graduate, DXY Solutions, makes components and software for mobile devices.Apollo’s Fire1999: Western Reserve Historical SocietySupport for humanitarian aid to the unemployed: Stone carvers responsible for the iconic pylons of the Lorain-Carnegie Bridge, a rare Depression-era construction project completed in 1932 with bond funds approved before the stock market crashFirst grants to advance serious medical research in an era still plagued with quackery: The Cunningham Sanitarium, located at East 185th Street and Lake Shore Boulevard, c. 1928. The sanitarium offered patients access to the world’s largest hyperbaric chamber, but its claims for the benefits of oxygen therapy proved specious.St. Joseph's Orphanage for Girls on Woodland AvenueUniversity Circle’s cultural institutions have long been renowned for their enriching educational activities.Ohio CityAddressing the changing socioeconomic needs of the African-American community: 20th anniversary convening of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, hosted by Cleveland in 19292010: Case Western Reserve UniversityThe West 25th Street retail district in Ohio City exemplifies the objective recently adopted by Neighborhood Progress, Inc. of restoring market forces in target neighborhoods.Privately developed Beacon Place Townhomes on East 82nd Street—evidence of the return of middle-class Clevelanders to the central cityKatharine Holden Thayer by Cindy NaegeleThe foundation’s 1915 public education survey resulted in sweeping reform. For decades thereafter, Cleveland’s school system was regarded as a model of excellence.Aretha Franklin at the Tri-C JazzFestMalcolm L. McBrideOhio governor John Kasich at the signing of House Bill 525, legislation enabling education reform, in June 20121996: Dunham Tavern Museum1982: The TempleAn owner-employee of the Evergreen LaundryIvan Lecaros (right), a master printmaker from Chile, puts the final touches on a drawing for a silkscreen print during his 2012 residency at Zygote Press.1972: Huron Road MallArtist’s conception of the new Regional Transit Authority station planned for Mayfield Road in Little ItalyThe Peter B. Lewis Building, designed by Frank Gehry, is the home of Case Western Reserve University’s Weatherhead School of Management.The issues facing 21st-century Clevelanders—educational and economic opportunity, neighborhood and cultural vitality, and strong health and human services—are much the same as those with which earlier generations wrestled.Mort Epstein’s Pop Art-inspired electrical outlet, a CAAC-commissioned mural, graced the Union building on Euclid Avenue.Fostering economic opportunity via college scholarships: Garment workers at Joseph & Feiss Company, makers of the $15 blue serge suitThe cast of Nicholas NicklebyNew Gallery co-founders Marjorie Talalay (left) and Nina Castelli SundellChester Avenue demarks the northern border of the MidTown Corridor.1981: Convention and Visitors Bureau of Greater ClevelandCleveland schools CEO Eric Gordon and Cleveland mayor Frank Jackson stumping in 2012 for the passage of the first operating levy to be placed on the ballet in 16 yearsHalprin’s impressionist sketch of Cleveland’s “Flats,” which he praised as a “tremendous resource.”  
Great Lakes Science Center1985: Cleveland State UniversityOn his way to building Cleveland Trust into America’s sixth largest bank, Goff occasionally took time out to indulge his passion for fishing.Cleveland Institute of Art1996: Old Stone ChurchRobert E. Eckardt, Ph.D.Gordon Park in its heydayTri-C groundbreaking, 19662007: Great Lakes Theater FestivalUptown, the Circle’s exciting, new high-density neighborhood, has all the amenities associated with urban living.Cleveland Housing Network financing programs have helped low- to moderate-income families become homeowners.Goff in a rare moment of leisure2005: ideastreamBy 1929, when Cleveland laid claim to having the tallest skyscraper in the country—the Terminal Tower, evocatively captured here by famed photographer Margaret Bourke-White—the community foundation movement had spread across America.Projects receiving recent Neighborhood Connection grants have ranged from hands-on crafts classes to the reintroduction of beekeeping.  LAND Studio’s proposed redesign of Public SquareCaptain Frank’s seafood restaurant at the end of the Ninth Street Pier once commanded downtown’s best view of Lake Erie.Frances Southworth, Goff’s bride and intellectual partnerCleveland voters expressed their hopes for the success of the reform plan by approving the Issue 107 operating levy.2002: Shaker Lakes Regional Nature Center2002: Cleveland Institute of MusicAdvocating greater reliance on clean energy: a wind farm in northwestern OhioTo date, 100 percent of the student body at the School of Science and Medicine goes on to college.Harold T. Clark2000: Cleveland Zoological Society2004: Cleveland Museum of ArtBusiness attraction: The Global Center for Health InnovationRaymond C. Moley1964: Garden Center of Greater ClevelandThe East Central Townhomes, after a $1.2 million renovation by Burten, Bell and Carr Development CorporationProgressive Field at GatewayJacqueline F. WoodsSold out! Heritage Lane townhomes, built within walking distance of the CircleParticipants in Parade the Circle, an annual celebration of creativity 27 Coltman, a luxury townhome development on the eastern boundary of University CircleNewBridge prepares adults for careers as health care technicians.2004: The Gathering PlaceFrank H. and Nancy L. Porter FundCleveland City Hospital’s “iron lung” respirator, used for treating polio patients whose paralyzed muscles cause breathing difficulties, 1933Business growth: The Greater Cleveland Partnership’s business development team2001: Cleveland Botanical GardenKent H. SmithHomer C. WadsworthVice President Hubert H. Humphrey showed his support for Stokes’s Cleveland: NOW! initiative on a visit to the city in 1968.The March on Washington, August 28, 1963, at which Martin Luther King Jr. called upon the nation to make good on democracy’s promise of social and economic freedom for all citizens 2003: Hanna Perkins Center for Child DevelopmentF. James and Rita Rechin FundSustaining the excellence of the region’s cultural assets: a summer solstice party at the Cleveland Museum of Art2013: Friends of the Cleveland School of the ArtsInauguration ceremony of the 1975 World Conference of the International Women’s Year, Mexico CityDancer/choreographer Kapila Palihawadana of Sri Lanka, 2012 artist in residence with the Inlet Dance Theatre, conducts a master dance class at the Beck Center for the Performing Arts.Contaminants flowing into Lake Erie, 1965Mayor Dennis Kucinich’s ceremonial presentation of a post-default debt paymentFrederick Harris Goff, humanitarian, 1858‒1923Architectural drawing of the Cleveland Metropolitan Housing Authority's Lakeview Tower, a senior high-rise proposed for the near west side in 1971The Cleveland Trust Company’s neoclassical banking hall, which opened in 1908, was topped by an immense stained-glass dome.Barbecue restaurant owner Al (Bubba) Baker received a microloan that enabled the former Browns football player to begin local distribution of his proprietary de-boned baby-back ribs.On December 15, 1978, Cleveland City Council considered and rejected Mayor Kucinich’s 11th-hour plan to avoid default.Charles P. Bolton1984: Cleveland Department of Parks, Recreation and PropertiesFlotsam despoiling the beach at Gordon ParkSteven A. MinterCarl W. BrandSophisticated life support equipment in an air ambulance made by Nextant Aerospace, Ohio’s only aircraft manufacturer and a MAGNET clientThe Board of Education building in downtown Cleveland, longtime headquarters of the system’s central administrationThe Ohio Department of Natural Resources invested more than $40 million in capital improvements to the band of green spaces renamed the Cleveland Lakefront State Park. Singing AngelsCleveland Ballet co-founder Dennis Nahat as the tsar and Nanette Glushak as the tsarina in the company’s signature holiday performance of The NutcrackerThe original Free Clinic, a drug treatment center on Cornell RoadFoundation leaders confer about how to distribute 1947 income of $614,479 to a standing list of charitable institutions and agencies. Foundation director Leyton E. Carter (third from right) is seated next to the board’s sole female member, Constance Mather Bishop. Sherwick FundVietnamese lutist Pham Thi Hue was Young Audiences of Northeast Ohio’s artist in residence in 2013.Commencement at Tri-C, 19751968: Holden ArboretumGoff did not believe that philanthropy should be the exclusive province of wealthy individuals such as Standard Oil Company founder John D. Rockefeller, a client of Goff’s former law firm.R. M. Fischer’s Sports StacksAlbert Sabin (left) developed the oral vaccine given to Cleveland children.The reversal of downtown Cleveland’s stagnation, symbolized by the redevelopment of the Terminal Tower, is a 60-year-old work in progress in which the foundation has been steadily engaged.2006: Cleveland Clinic FoundationCool Cleveland editor and publisher Tom MulreadyA satellite photograph of Lake Erie, downtown Cleveland and the Cuyahoga River valley: The foundation has learned to take the long view in helping the community craft fresh responses to persistent urban problems.A greasy-spoon diner and flophouse at Payne and Walnut Avenues downtown, c. 1968—emblems of the City of Cleveland’s intensifying financial distress The gallery's second home on Bellflower Road in University CircleThe Cleveland Foundation emerged from the crucible of the 1960s a stronger leader and more strategic grantmaker.Tom L. Johnson, a reformer who served as Cleveland’s mayor from 1901 to 1909, helped to shape the city’s progressive climate. Malvin E. BankThe State TheatreLexington VillageA burning desire to be an attorney animated Goff as a young man.  Dancing WheelsAn east-side Cleveland elementary school, 1963: growing frustration with what appears to be systematic segregationKucinich proclaiming victory on the eve of his election as mayor in 1977Palace Theatre lobbyWade Oval Wednesdays, summertime’s popular outdoor music seriesA new generation of Circle fansThe NAACP-Cleveland’s fight for desegregation ultimately leads in 1973 to a federal lawsuit against the Cleveland public schools: the likelihood of court-ordering busing Andrew Carnegie, the “king of steel,” created a private foundation to carry out his philanthropic activities. Goff invented a simpler, more affordable mechanism to serve the charitable impulses of caring individuals of all means.Stanley C. Pace2006: MOCA ClevelandAdam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies, Oberlin CollegeMOCA ClevelandBarack Obama campaigns at Tri-C, 20071959: Cleveland Institute of MusicRock and Roll Hall of Fame and MuseumDr. King speaking in Rockefeller Park on a visit to Cleveland in 1967. The previous year he had dramatized the issue of housing discrimination by moving his family into a grimy apartment on the segregated west side of Chicago and joining in protest marches into that city’s all-white neighborhoods.Although the foundation’s trailblazing was a faded tradition by 1955, when this picture of the trustee bank presidents holding a replica of the foundation’s logo was snapped, its stature as the world’s first community trust remained a source of pride.A new company that makes and installs solar-panel arrays has been created with foundation support.1998: Cuyahoga Valley Scenic RailroadRalph J. Perk lends a hand to the theater restoration project, which began during his tenure as Cleveland mayor. An examination room at the Glenville Health ClinicHunter MorrisonCleveland’s busy riverfront, south of the Superior ViaductFamed urban planner Lawrence Halprin (right) presented his ideas for downtown Cleveland’s redevelopment at a public forum in 1975 attended by Cleveland mayor Ralph J. Perk (center) and May Company department store president Francis Coy (left).Hough’s frustrations with its seemingly intractable problems erupted into violence during the summer of 1966.Donald and Ruth GoodmanEuclid Avenue, looking east, c. 1910Carlton K. MatsonUpper Chester, which abuts the Cleveland Clinic, is the next Circle neighborhood slated for redevelopment.The Cleveland Housing Network assisted the Mt. Pleasant Now nonprofit development corporation with the construction of the Union Court senior apartments.Protest demonstration at Cleveland State University, 1969: poverty rates in the central city on the riseCleveland OrchestraGreat Lakes Theater FestivalDispersed by police, the protesters did not succeed in halting construction, but Klunder’s martyrdom inspired the civil rights community to continue what was ultimately a victorious fight against segregation of the Cleveland public schools.The restored Hungarian Cultural GardenH. Stuart HarrisonCommunityFoundationAtlas.org website1967: Blossom Music CenterNeighbors who have come together to work on improvement of their neighborhoodCircle institutions have invested or are planning to invest billions in capital improvements, such as University Hospitals of Cleveland’s new Seidman Cancer Center.The formal entrance to the Judson Park retirement community, an independent living facility erected in 1974 next to the traditional nursing home established by the Baptist Home of Ohio in the former Bicknell mansion on Cleveland’s east sideMaster planner I. M. Pei (right), Cleveland’s urban renewal director James Lister (center) and chief architect Jack Hayes at the Erieview Tower construction site, 1954 Cleveland OrchestraEntrepreneurship: Wood Trac, an affordable, drop-ceiling system developed and marketed by Sauder Woodworking, a family-owned business in Ashland, OhioSPACESA “City Canvases” mural by graphic designer John MorellClean water advocates, 1968Raymond Q. ArmingtonAnisfield-Wolf Book AwardsPlayhouse Square, c. 1969The Allen Theatre, originally an opulent silent movie house, c. 1938J. Kimball JohnsonDavid GoldbergUnder the leadership of former CEO Baiju Shah, BioEnterprise created, recruited or helped to grow more than 170 local biotechnology companies.Tri-C JazzFest, 1993Lakeview TerracePlanning model of Cleveland, c. 19601968: Karamu HouseManchester Bidwell, the Pittsburgh model on which NewBridge is based, has instilled a love of learning in teens who previously did not fare well in school.The Cleveland Foodbank’s LEED-certified distribution center1957: Cleveland Museum of Natural HistoryThe Dolan Center for Science and Technology at John Carroll University incorporated green building materials and smart energy and water systems.Harry Coulby FundsMAGNET incubator tenant Tom Lix, the founder and CEO of Cleveland Whiskey, which has developed a proprietary process for accelerating the aging of distilled liquorsMembers of the African-American Philanthropy Committee: Reverend Elmo A. Bean, Doris A. Evans, M.D., David G. Hill, Lillian W. BurkeCommunityFoundationAtlas.org websiteJames D. WilliamsonJohn SherwinMAGNET consultants helped Nextant Aerospace of Richmond Heights, Ohio, apply lean principles to its specialty business of remanufacturing corporate jets for an under-$5 million market. Welcome committees were organized to greet bused students on their first day at their new crosstown schools. Halprin worksheetFirst Lady Eleanor Roosevelt (third from left) at the 1937 dedication of Lakeview Terrace, the nation’s first public housingThe bulldozer operator accidentally backed over Rev. Klunder in order to avoid hurting the protestors lying in front of him.Innovation: CleveMed’s wireless sleep monitor1956: Cleveland Institute of ArtTri-C’s early use of computers as a teaching aid, c. 1980L. Dale Dorney FundThe grand opening of The Avenue at Tower City, 1990An assembly line at the Ford Motor Company plant in Brook Park, 1973: manufacturing jobs on the declineReinhold W. Erickson, D.D.S.Cleveland Public ArtJames A. Norton2009: Cleveland Institute of Art1986: Cain ParkLinking city kids to life-enriching programs: Duffy Liturgical Dance teaches children to perform and thus preserve songs and dances created by African slaves in America.Detroit ShorewayCarl B. Stokes at a town hall meeting, 1969: an historic but troubled mayoral administration Karamu House2010: Hawken SchoolCleveland Film SocietyThe Goff home on Lake Shore Boulevard in BratenahlProposed townhomes for East 118th StreetJohn Sherwin Jr.1961: Benjamin Rose InstituteCleveland, Ohio, the birthplace of an entirely new concept of philanthropyIn 1967, this Cleveland Heights home, owned by an African American, was bombed in a senseless and vain attempt to halt the suburb’s integration.1997: Cleveland Clinic FoundationCharles A. RatnerEvergreen Energy Solution’s photovoltaic panelsJames A. RatnerThe passenger terminal at Cleveland-Hopkins Airport, c. 1956Belle SherwinPresbyterian minister Bruce W. Klunder died while protesting the construction of three public elementary schools that Cleveland’s civil rights community believed would perpetuate a system of segregated and inferior education for African-American students.1982: Cleveland Institute of ArtStokes and his wife, Shirley, on election day, 1968 2000: Therapeutic Riding CenterCleveland Institute of MusicJames R. GarfieldCleveland’s well-financed and -run network of community development organizations targeted this crumbling but historic eight-unit rowhouse in the Central neighborhood for rehabilitation.The Frederick C. Crawford Auto Aviation Collection at the Western Reserve Historical SocietyHarry Goldblatt, M.D.MOCA Cleveland’s faceted, mirrored, four-story art gallery anchors the Uptown development.Catharine Monroe LewisGoff wisely decided that an independent citizen’s committee should determine how a community foundation’s income should be distributed, rather than the directors of the foundation’s trustee bank. GroundWorks Dance TheaterHolsey Gates HandysideGlobal Cleveland’s welcome centerJohn J. Dwyer1975: Kenneth C. Beck Center for the Cultural ArtsCleveland Play HouseSlavic VillageGeorge and Janet Voinovich1994: Great Lakes Science MuseumKenneth W. Clement M.D.Cleveland Housing Network was the lead developer of Greenbridge Commons, permanent housing for chronically homeless individuals, in the Fairfax neighborhood.Nancy Dwyer’s Who’s on First? benchA landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision righted the injustice experienced by Clarence Earl Gideon, a drifter who was convicted of felony theft because he could not afford an attorney and had defended himself at trial.John L. McChordTreu-Mart FundThe multitude of organizational nameplates on the door to the Cleveland Foundation’s offices in the 1970s testified to its rebirth as a nexus of progressive philanthropy and an incubator of social-action programs.  1973: Severance HallWade Lagoon, the tranquil heart of Cleveland’s cultural hub The Palace, the flagship of the Keith chain of vaudeville theaters, reinvented itself as a wide-screen movie house in the 1950s.Barbara Haas RawsonLake-Geauga FundCleveland Museum of ArtEdgewater Park under state stewardshipRonald B. RichardStokes with his brother Louis (left)TremontGrand opening of the Outhwaite Homes, 19371991: Hathaway Brown SchoolGraduation day at Cleveland Early College High School, 2012After their father's untimely death, future political icons Carl (left) and Louis Stokes lived with their mother at Outhwaite Homes.Fred S. McConnell1976: Cleveland Play HouseLeyton E. Carter1986: Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and MuseumA. E. Convers FundChurch Square Commons, offering affordable apartments for adults 55 and older, is one of the Famicos Foundation’s most recent projects in Hough.Michael D. White won voter support for “mayoral control” of the Cleveland public schools.MAGNET’s Prism program helped Cleveland-based Vitamix keep up with demand for its high-end blenders.Fairfax1976: Sokol HallThe foundation’s vision of creating a wind farm in Lake Erie is moving closer to reality.Title VIII (the “Federal Fair Housing Act”) of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, signed by President Johnson a week after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., advanced the struggle for integration taking place in Cleveland’s eastern suburbs and elsewhere across the nation.Richard W. Pogue