100 Years in Pictures

R. M. Fischer’s Sports StacksHomer C. WadsworthGreen City Growers supplies Bibb lettuce, green leaf lettuce, gourmet lettuces and basil to institutional and commercial customers.Harry Goldblatt, M.D.Cleveland City Hospital’s “iron lung” respirator, used for treating polio patients whose paralyzed muscles cause breathing difficulties, 1933Carl W. BrandNancy Dwyer’s Who’s on First? bench1959: Cleveland Institute of MusicFred S. McConnellEdgewater Park under state stewardshipThe Cleveland Housing Network assisted the Mt. Pleasant Now nonprofit development corporation with the construction of the Union Court senior apartments.Sherwick FundThe Ohio Department of Natural Resources invested more than $40 million in capital improvements to the band of green spaces renamed the Cleveland Lakefront State Park. Malcolm L. McBride2009: Cleveland Institute of ArtEntrepreneurship: Wood Trac, an affordable, drop-ceiling system developed and marketed by Sauder Woodworking, a family-owned business in Ashland, Ohio1964: Garden Center of Greater ClevelandGeorge and Janet Voinovich2007: Great Lakes Theater FestivalGreat Lakes Theater FestivalBelle SherwinGroundWorks Dance TheaterCarlton K. MatsonPlanning model of Cleveland, c. 1960Frances Southworth, Goff’s bride and intellectual partnerKatharine Holden Thayer by Cindy NaegeleOhio CityThe 2011 renovation of the Allen Theatre's main auditoriumGordon Park in its heydayThe cast of Nicholas NicklebyA new generation of Circle fansSinging Angels1996: Old Stone ChurchGlobal Cleveland’s welcome centerThe multitude of organizational nameplates on the door to the Cleveland Foundation’s offices in the 1970s testified to its rebirth as a nexus of progressive philanthropy and an incubator of social-action programs.  A burning desire to be an attorney animated Goff as a young man.  MAGNET consultants helped Nextant Aerospace of Richmond Heights, Ohio, apply lean principles to its specialty business of remanufacturing corporate jets for an under-$5 million market. Ralph J. Perk lends a hand to the theater restoration project, which began during his tenure as Cleveland mayor. Treu-Mart FundAndrew Carnegie, the “king of steel,” created a private foundation to carry out his philanthropic activities. Goff invented a simpler, more affordable mechanism to serve the charitable impulses of caring individuals of all means.2003: Hanna Perkins Center for Child DevelopmentAn east-side Cleveland elementary school, 1963: growing frustration with what appears to be systematic segregationNewBridge prepares adults for careers as health care technicians.Captain Frank’s seafood restaurant at the end of the Ninth Street Pier once commanded downtown’s best view of Lake Erie.The grand opening of The Avenue at Tower City, 1990Carl B. Stokes at a town hall meeting, 1969: an historic but troubled mayoral administration 1976: Sokol HallRobert E. Eckardt, Ph.D.Ellwood H. FisherBy 1929, when Cleveland laid claim to having the tallest skyscraper in the country—the Terminal Tower, evocatively captured here by famed photographer Margaret Bourke-White—the community foundation movement had spread across America.John Sherwin1967: Blossom Music CenterGoff wisely decided that an independent citizen’s committee should determine how a community foundation’s income should be distributed, rather than the directors of the foundation’s trustee bank. Architectural drawing of the Cleveland Metropolitan Housing Authority's Lakeview Tower, a senior high-rise proposed for the near west side in 1971After their father's untimely death, future political icons Carl (left) and Louis Stokes lived with their mother at Outhwaite Homes.1996: Dunham Tavern MuseumFirst grants to advance serious medical research in an era still plagued with quackery: The Cunningham Sanitarium, located at East 185th Street and Lake Shore Boulevard, c. 1928. The sanitarium offered patients access to the world’s largest hyperbaric chamber, but its claims for the benefits of oxygen therapy proved specious.The bulldozer operator accidentally backed over Rev. Klunder in order to avoid hurting the protestors lying in front of him.1961: Benjamin Rose Institute2002: Shaker Lakes Regional Nature Center2001: Cleveland Botanical GardenFamed urban planner Lawrence Halprin (right) presented his ideas for downtown Cleveland’s redevelopment at a public forum in 1975 attended by Cleveland mayor Ralph J. Perk (center) and May Company department store president Francis Coy (left).A landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision righted the injustice experienced by Clarence Earl Gideon, a drifter who was convicted of felony theft because he could not afford an attorney and had defended himself at trial.Stokes and his wife, Shirley, on election day, 1968 Cleveland Ballet co-founder Dennis Nahat as the tsar and Nanette Glushak as the tsarina in the company’s signature holiday performance of The NutcrackerInnovation: CleveMed’s wireless sleep monitorOn December 15, 1978, Cleveland City Council considered and rejected Mayor Kucinich’s 11th-hour plan to avoid default.Hunter MorrisonMaster planner I. M. Pei (right), Cleveland’s urban renewal director James Lister (center) and chief architect Jack Hayes at the Erieview Tower construction site, 1954 Stanley C. PaceGrand opening of the Outhwaite Homes, 19372010: Hawken SchoolThe West 25th Street retail district in Ohio City exemplifies the objective recently adopted by Neighborhood Progress, Inc. of restoring market forces in target neighborhoods.The foundation’s vision of creating a wind farm in Lake Erie is moving closer to reality.Palace Theatre lobbyKaramu HouseDr. King speaking in Rockefeller Park on a visit to Cleveland in 1967. The previous year he had dramatized the issue of housing discrimination by moving his family into a grimy apartment on the segregated west side of Chicago and joining in protest marches into that city’s all-white neighborhoods.Barbecue restaurant owner Al (Bubba) Baker received a microloan that enabled the former Browns football player to begin local distribution of his proprietary de-boned baby-back ribs.FairfaxManchester Bidwell, the Pittsburgh model on which NewBridge is based, has instilled a love of learning in teens who previously did not fare well in school.The East Central Townhomes, after a $1.2 million renovation by Burten, Bell and Carr Development CorporationAn owner-employee of the Evergreen LaundryH. Stuart HarrisonUnder the leadership of former CEO Baiju Shah, BioEnterprise created, recruited or helped to grow more than 170 local biotechnology companies.A. E. Convers FundCleveland voters expressed their hopes for the success of the reform plan by approving the Issue 107 operating levy.2000: Cleveland Zoological SocietyCircle institutions have invested or are planning to invest billions in capital improvements, such as University Hospitals of Cleveland’s new Seidman Cancer Center.Michael D. White won voter support for “mayoral control” of the Cleveland public schools.Charles A. RatnerCool Cleveland editor and publisher Tom MulreadyPlayhouse Square, c. 1969Sophisticated life support equipment in an air ambulance made by Nextant Aerospace, Ohio’s only aircraft manufacturer and a MAGNET clientAddressing the changing socioeconomic needs of the African-American community: 20th anniversary convening of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, hosted by Cleveland in 1929Business growth: The Greater Cleveland Partnership’s business development teamMalvin E. BankMembers of the African-American Philanthropy Committee: Reverend Elmo A. Bean, Doris A. Evans, M.D., David G. Hill, Lillian W. BurkeReinhold W. Erickson, D.D.S.Ronald B. Richard1975: Kenneth C. Beck Center for the Cultural ArtsLeyton E. CarterProgressive Field at GatewayThe original Free Clinic, a drug treatment center on Cornell Road2013: Friends of the Cleveland School of the Arts2005: ideastreamEvergreen Energy Solution’s photovoltaic panelsProposed townhomes for East 118th StreetApollo’s Fire2004: The Gathering PlaceThe Great Lakes Science Center’s wind turbineTremontJacqueline F. WoodsA greasy-spoon diner and flophouse at Payne and Walnut Avenues downtown, c. 1968—emblems of the City of Cleveland’s intensifying financial distress The gallery's second home on Bellflower Road in University CircleGlenville High School students, 1914Aretha Franklin at the Tri-C JazzFestCleveland, Ohio, the birthplace of an entirely new concept of philanthropy1973: Severance Hall1985: Cleveland State UniversityCleveland Public ArtCleveland OrchestraDavid GoldbergGreat Lakes Science CenterFirst Lady Eleanor Roosevelt (third from left) at the 1937 dedication of Lakeview Terrace, the nation’s first public housing1998: Cuyahoga Valley Scenic RailroadContaminants flowing into Lake Erie, 1965Barack Obama campaigns at Tri-C, 2007Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and MuseumThe Goff home on Lake Shore Boulevard in BratenahlAdvocating greater reliance on clean energy: a wind farm in northwestern OhioAdam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies, Oberlin College2006: Cleveland Clinic FoundationInstitute of Pathology at Western Reserve University, as it appeared at its opening in 1929Cleveland’s busy riverfront, south of the Superior ViaductFlotsam despoiling the beach at Gordon ParkOhio governor John Kasich at the signing of House Bill 525, legislation enabling education reform, in June 2012The March on Washington, August 28, 1963, at which Martin Luther King Jr. called upon the nation to make good on democracy’s promise of social and economic freedom for all citizens The reversal of downtown Cleveland’s stagnation, symbolized by the redevelopment of the Terminal Tower, is a 60-year-old work in progress in which the foundation has been steadily engaged.Sold out! Heritage Lane townhomes, built within walking distance of the CircleSt. Joseph's Orphanage for Girls on Woodland AvenueTom L. Johnson, a reformer who served as Cleveland’s mayor from 1901 to 1909, helped to shape the city’s progressive climate. 1982: Cleveland Institute of Art1956: Cleveland Institute of ArtDancer/choreographer Kapila Palihawadana of Sri Lanka, 2012 artist in residence with the Inlet Dance Theatre, conducts a master dance class at the Beck Center for the Performing Arts.Kenneth W. Clement M.D.The issues facing 21st-century Clevelanders—educational and economic opportunity, neighborhood and cultural vitality, and strong health and human services—are much the same as those with which earlier generations wrestled.MOCA ClevelandMayor Dennis Kucinich’s ceremonial presentation of a post-default debt paymentCleveland Housing Network was the lead developer of Greenbridge Commons, permanent housing for chronically homeless individuals, in the Fairfax neighborhood.Cleveland BalletGreen City Growers Cooperative’s 3.25-acre hydroponic greenhouse in the Central neighborhood opened in 2013.  The Dolan Center for Science and Technology at John Carroll University incorporated green building materials and smart energy and water systems.Tri-C’s early use of computers as a teaching aid, c. 19801982: The TempleWade Oval Wednesdays, summertime’s popular outdoor music series1986: Cain ParkProtest demonstration at Cleveland State University, 1969: poverty rates in the central city on the riseAnisfield-Wolf Book Awards1986: Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and MuseumMAGNET incubator graduate, DXY Solutions, makes components and software for mobile devices.The Peter B. Lewis Building, designed by Frank Gehry, is the home of Case Western Reserve University’s Weatherhead School of Management.In 1967, this Cleveland Heights home, owned by an African American, was bombed in a senseless and vain attempt to halt the suburb’s integration.Halprin worksheetTitle VIII (the “Federal Fair Housing Act”) of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, signed by President Johnson a week after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., advanced the struggle for integration taking place in Cleveland’s eastern suburbs and elsewhere across the nation.The Cleveland Foodbank’s LEED-certified distribution centerFoundation leaders confer about how to distribute 1947 income of $614,479 to a standing list of charitable institutions and agencies. Foundation director Leyton E. Carter (third from right) is seated next to the board’s sole female member, Constance Mather Bishop. J. Kimball Johnson1968: Holden ArboretumCleveland OrchestraClean water advocates, 1968Frances Southworth GoffDonald and Ruth GoodmanLexington VillageAlfred M. Rankin Jr.Kucinich proclaiming victory on the eve of his election as mayor in 1977The Palace, the flagship of the Keith chain of vaudeville theaters, reinvented itself as a wide-screen movie house in the 1950s.Harry Coulby FundsGoff in a rare moment of leisureF. James and Rita Rechin FundJohn J. DwyerThe foundation helped to draft and win passage of a clean energy law for Ohio.A new company that makes and installs solar-panel arrays has been created with foundation support.Neighbors who have come together to work on improvement of their neighborhoodWade Lagoon, the tranquil heart of Cleveland’s cultural hub CommunityFoundationAtlas.org website1957: Cleveland Museum of Natural HistoryThe Retreat2006: MOCA ClevelandCleveland Institute of MusicJames D. WilliamsonSupport for humanitarian aid to the unemployed: Stone carvers responsible for the iconic pylons of the Lorain-Carnegie Bridge, a rare Depression-era construction project completed in 1932 with bond funds approved before the stock market crashThe NAACP-Cleveland’s fight for desegregation ultimately leads in 1973 to a federal lawsuit against the Cleveland public schools: the likelihood of court-ordering busing The Allen Theatre, originally an opulent silent movie house, c. 1938Dancing WheelsJames R. GarfieldThe Cleveland Foundation emerged from the crucible of the 1960s a stronger leader and more strategic grantmaker.Ivan Lecaros (right), a master printmaker from Chile, puts the final touches on a drawing for a silkscreen print during his 2012 residency at Zygote Press.Cleveland schools CEO Eric Gordon and Cleveland mayor Frank Jackson stumping in 2012 for the passage of the first operating levy to be placed on the ballet in 16 yearsHalprin’s impressionist sketch of Cleveland’s “Flats,” which he praised as a “tremendous resource.”  
Detroit ShorewaySteven A. MinterDispersed by police, the protesters did not succeed in halting construction, but Klunder’s martyrdom inspired the civil rights community to continue what was ultimately a victorious fight against segregation of the Cleveland public schools.Barbara Haas RawsonLake-Geauga FundChester Avenue demarks the northern border of the MidTown Corridor.Commencement at Tri-C, 1975An examination room at the Glenville Health ClinicTri-C groundbreaking, 19661968: Karamu HouseHolsey Gates Handyside2004: Cleveland Museum of ArtJames A. RatnerSPACES1999: Western Reserve Historical SocietyMOCA Cleveland’s faceted, mirrored, four-story art gallery anchors the Uptown development.Cleveland Institute of Art2002: Cleveland Institute of MusicParticipants in Parade the Circle, an annual celebration of creativity The Frederick C. Crawford Auto Aviation Collection at the Western Reserve Historical SocietyThe Board of Education building in downtown Cleveland, longtime headquarters of the system’s central administration27 Coltman, a luxury townhome development on the eastern boundary of University CircleVietnamese lutist Pham Thi Hue was Young Audiences of Northeast Ohio’s artist in residence in 2013.Although the foundation’s trailblazing was a faded tradition by 1955, when this picture of the trustee bank presidents holding a replica of the foundation’s logo was snapped, its stature as the world’s first community trust remained a source of pride.To date, 100 percent of the student body at the School of Science and Medicine goes on to college.2010: Case Western Reserve UniversityTri-C JazzFest, 19931997: Cleveland Clinic FoundationA “City Canvases” mural by graphic designer John MorellFostering economic opportunity via college scholarships: Garment workers at Joseph & Feiss Company, makers of the $15 blue serge suitMAGNET incubator tenant Tom Lix, the founder and CEO of Cleveland Whiskey, which has developed a proprietary process for accelerating the aging of distilled liquorsLakeview TerraceMort Epstein’s Pop Art-inspired electrical outlet, a CAAC-commissioned mural, graced the Union building on Euclid Avenue.Leadership of a 1933 initiative to replace squalid tenements with subsidized garden apartmentsEuclid Avenue, looking east, c. 1910Presbyterian minister Bruce W. Klunder died while protesting the construction of three public elementary schools that Cleveland’s civil rights community believed would perpetuate a system of segregated and inferior education for African-American students.The passenger terminal at Cleveland-Hopkins Airport, c. 1956CommunityFoundationAtlas.org websiteCleveland mayor Ralph S. LocherBusiness attraction: The Global Center for Health InnovationArtist’s conception of the new Regional Transit Authority station planned for Mayfield Road in Little ItalyChurch Square Commons, offering affordable apartments for adults 55 and older, is one of the Famicos Foundation’s most recent projects in Hough.Charles P. BoltonL. Dale Dorney FundStokes with his brother Louis (left)Goff did not believe that philanthropy should be the exclusive province of wealthy individuals such as Standard Oil Company founder John D. Rockefeller, a client of Goff’s former law firm.MAGNET’s Prism program helped Cleveland-based Vitamix keep up with demand for its high-end blenders.The foundation’s 1915 public education survey resulted in sweeping reform. For decades thereafter, Cleveland’s school system was regarded as a model of excellence.Uptown, the Circle’s exciting, new high-density neighborhood, has all the amenities associated with urban living.1981: Convention and Visitors Bureau of Greater ClevelandUpper Chester, which abuts the Cleveland Clinic, is the next Circle neighborhood slated for redevelopment.The Cleveland Trust Company’s neoclassical banking hall, which opened in 1908, was topped by an immense stained-glass dome.John Sherwin Jr.Frederick Harris Goff, humanitarian, 1858‒1923Cleveland Museum of ArtHarold T. Clark2000: Therapeutic Riding CenterThe restored Hungarian Cultural GardenKent H. SmithWelcome committees were organized to greet bused students on their first day at their new crosstown schools. James A. NortonAlbert Sabin (left) developed the oral vaccine given to Cleveland children.1976: Cleveland Play House1984: Cleveland Department of Parks, Recreation and Properties1994: Great Lakes Science MuseumPrivately developed Beacon Place Townhomes on East 82nd Street—evidence of the return of middle-class Clevelanders to the central cityInauguration ceremony of the 1975 World Conference of the International Women’s Year, Mexico CityUniversity Circle’s cultural institutions have long been renowned for their enriching educational activities.Graduation day at Cleveland Early College High School, 2012New Gallery co-founders Marjorie Talalay (left) and Nina Castelli SundellCleveland Play HouseAn assembly line at the Ford Motor Company plant in Brook Park, 1973: manufacturing jobs on the decline1972: Huron Road MallRaymond C. MoleyRichard W. PogueOn his way to building Cleveland Trust into America’s sixth largest bank, Goff occasionally took time out to indulge his passion for fishing.The formal entrance to the Judson Park retirement community, an independent living facility erected in 1974 next to the traditional nursing home established by the Baptist Home of Ohio in the former Bicknell mansion on Cleveland’s east sideJohn L. McChordCleveland Housing Network financing programs have helped low- to moderate-income families become homeowners.Sustaining the excellence of the region’s cultural assets: a summer solstice party at the Cleveland Museum of ArtProjects receiving recent Neighborhood Connection grants have ranged from hands-on crafts classes to the reintroduction of beekeeping.  Frank H. and Nancy L. Porter FundLAND Studio’s proposed redesign of Public SquareSlavic VillageA satellite photograph of Lake Erie, downtown Cleveland and the Cuyahoga River valley: The foundation has learned to take the long view in helping the community craft fresh responses to persistent urban problems.Catharine Monroe LewisLinking city kids to life-enriching programs: Duffy Liturgical Dance teaches children to perform and thus preserve songs and dances created by African slaves in America.The State TheatreRaymond Q. ArmingtonHough’s frustrations with its seemingly intractable problems erupted into violence during the summer of 1966.Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey showed his support for Stokes’s Cleveland: NOW! initiative on a visit to the city in 1968.1991: Hathaway Brown SchoolCleveland’s well-financed and -run network of community development organizations targeted this crumbling but historic eight-unit rowhouse in the Central neighborhood for rehabilitation.Cleveland Film Society