100 Years in Pictures

Cleveland City Hospital’s “iron lung” respirator, used for treating polio patients whose paralyzed muscles cause breathing difficulties, 1933Barbecue restaurant owner Al (Bubba) Baker received a microloan that enabled the former Browns football player to begin local distribution of his proprietary de-boned baby-back ribs.Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and MuseumMOCA Cleveland1998: Cuyahoga Valley Scenic RailroadEdgewater Park under state stewardshipLAND Studio’s proposed redesign of Public SquareRichard W. PogueMaster planner I. M. Pei (right), Cleveland’s urban renewal director James Lister (center) and chief architect Jack Hayes at the Erieview Tower construction site, 1954 The Cleveland Housing Network assisted the Mt. Pleasant Now nonprofit development corporation with the construction of the Union Court senior apartments.Addressing the changing socioeconomic needs of the African-American community: 20th anniversary convening of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, hosted by Cleveland in 1929Dr. King speaking in Rockefeller Park on a visit to Cleveland in 1967. The previous year he had dramatized the issue of housing discrimination by moving his family into a grimy apartment on the segregated west side of Chicago and joining in protest marches into that city’s all-white neighborhoods.Commencement at Tri-C, 1975The original Free Clinic, a drug treatment center on Cornell RoadTreu-Mart FundDancer/choreographer Kapila Palihawadana of Sri Lanka, 2012 artist in residence with the Inlet Dance Theatre, conducts a master dance class at the Beck Center for the Performing Arts.After their father's untimely death, future political icons Carl (left) and Louis Stokes lived with their mother at Outhwaite Homes.1964: Garden Center of Greater ClevelandAnisfield-Wolf Book Awards2009: Cleveland Institute of ArtDonald and Ruth GoodmanProgressive Field at GatewayA. E. Convers FundThe Goff home on Lake Shore Boulevard in BratenahlArtist’s conception of the new Regional Transit Authority station planned for Mayfield Road in Little ItalyThe cast of Nicholas NicklebyLexington VillageFamed urban planner Lawrence Halprin (right) presented his ideas for downtown Cleveland’s redevelopment at a public forum in 1975 attended by Cleveland mayor Ralph J. Perk (center) and May Company department store president Francis Coy (left).1975: Kenneth C. Beck Center for the Cultural ArtsStokes and his wife, Shirley, on election day, 1968 On December 15, 1978, Cleveland City Council considered and rejected Mayor Kucinich’s 11th-hour plan to avoid default.1985: Cleveland State UniversitySupport for humanitarian aid to the unemployed: Stone carvers responsible for the iconic pylons of the Lorain-Carnegie Bridge, a rare Depression-era construction project completed in 1932 with bond funds approved before the stock market crashA new generation of Circle fansCommunityFoundationAtlas.org websiteRobert E. Eckardt, Ph.D.Playhouse Square, c. 19691982: Cleveland Institute of ArtInstitute of Pathology at Western Reserve University, as it appeared at its opening in 1929Katharine Holden Thayer by Cindy NaegeleVietnamese lutist Pham Thi Hue was Young Audiences of Northeast Ohio’s artist in residence in 2013.Halprin’s impressionist sketch of Cleveland’s “Flats,” which he praised as a “tremendous resource.”  
Barbara Haas Rawson1991: Hathaway Brown SchoolKaramu HouseLinking city kids to life-enriching programs: Duffy Liturgical Dance teaches children to perform and thus preserve songs and dances created by African slaves in America.R. M. Fischer’s Sports StacksLeyton E. Carter1968: Holden ArboretumCleveland voters expressed their hopes for the success of the reform plan by approving the Issue 107 operating levy.Business growth: The Greater Cleveland Partnership’s business development team2000: Cleveland Zoological SocietyJ. Kimball JohnsonLakeview TerraceTri-C JazzFest, 1993The Board of Education building in downtown Cleveland, longtime headquarters of the system’s central administrationCleveland’s well-financed and -run network of community development organizations targeted this crumbling but historic eight-unit rowhouse in the Central neighborhood for rehabilitation.The gallery's second home on Bellflower Road in University CircleCatharine Monroe LewisJames D. WilliamsonGordon Park in its heydayOn his way to building Cleveland Trust into America’s sixth largest bank, Goff occasionally took time out to indulge his passion for fishing.Grand opening of the Outhwaite Homes, 1937The NAACP-Cleveland’s fight for desegregation ultimately leads in 1973 to a federal lawsuit against the Cleveland public schools: the likelihood of court-ordering busing 1961: Benjamin Rose InstituteEntrepreneurship: Wood Trac, an affordable, drop-ceiling system developed and marketed by Sauder Woodworking, a family-owned business in Ashland, OhioEllwood H. FisherProposed townhomes for East 118th StreetGreat Lakes Theater FestivalThe foundation’s vision of creating a wind farm in Lake Erie is moving closer to reality.George and Janet Voinovich2006: Cleveland Clinic FoundationCarl W. Brand1986: Cain ParkCool Cleveland editor and publisher Tom MulreadyF. James and Rita Rechin FundUniversity Circle’s cultural institutions have long been renowned for their enriching educational activities.Frederick Harris Goff, humanitarian, 1858‒1923Ohio CityThe Peter B. Lewis Building, designed by Frank Gehry, is the home of Case Western Reserve University’s Weatherhead School of Management.James A. NortonAn assembly line at the Ford Motor Company plant in Brook Park, 1973: manufacturing jobs on the declineMAGNET incubator graduate, DXY Solutions, makes components and software for mobile devices.Raymond Q. ArmingtonCleveland Public ArtCleveland mayor Ralph S. LocherUnder the leadership of former CEO Baiju Shah, BioEnterprise created, recruited or helped to grow more than 170 local biotechnology companies.Sophisticated life support equipment in an air ambulance made by Nextant Aerospace, Ohio’s only aircraft manufacturer and a MAGNET clientJames R. GarfieldMayor Dennis Kucinich’s ceremonial presentation of a post-default debt payment2004: Cleveland Museum of Art1981: Convention and Visitors Bureau of Greater ClevelandAn east-side Cleveland elementary school, 1963: growing frustration with what appears to be systematic segregationSold out! Heritage Lane townhomes, built within walking distance of the CircleDetroit ShorewayThe reversal of downtown Cleveland’s stagnation, symbolized by the redevelopment of the Terminal Tower, is a 60-year-old work in progress in which the foundation has been steadily engaged.Apollo’s FireNeighbors who have come together to work on improvement of their neighborhoodJohn SherwinDispersed by police, the protesters did not succeed in halting construction, but Klunder’s martyrdom inspired the civil rights community to continue what was ultimately a victorious fight against segregation of the Cleveland public schools.First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt (third from left) at the 1937 dedication of Lakeview Terrace, the nation’s first public housingCleveland Play HouseStokes with his brother Louis (left)John L. McChord1967: Blossom Music CenterHolsey Gates HandysideThe passenger terminal at Cleveland-Hopkins Airport, c. 1956Frances Southworth, Goff’s bride and intellectual partnerContaminants flowing into Lake Erie, 1965Upper Chester, which abuts the Cleveland Clinic, is the next Circle neighborhood slated for redevelopment.1973: Severance HallCleveland’s busy riverfront, south of the Superior Viaduct2010: Hawken SchoolMAGNET’s Prism program helped Cleveland-based Vitamix keep up with demand for its high-end blenders.2002: Cleveland Institute of MusicThe Dolan Center for Science and Technology at John Carroll University incorporated green building materials and smart energy and water systems.The Allen Theatre, originally an opulent silent movie house, c. 1938Stanley C. PaceCleveland Museum of ArtFirst grants to advance serious medical research in an era still plagued with quackery: The Cunningham Sanitarium, located at East 185th Street and Lake Shore Boulevard, c. 1928. The sanitarium offered patients access to the world’s largest hyperbaric chamber, but its claims for the benefits of oxygen therapy proved specious.Cleveland Housing Network was the lead developer of Greenbridge Commons, permanent housing for chronically homeless individuals, in the Fairfax neighborhood.The foundation helped to draft and win passage of a clean energy law for Ohio.Cleveland Ballet1957: Cleveland Museum of Natural HistoryDancing WheelsBusiness attraction: The Global Center for Health InnovationRonald B. RichardUptown, the Circle’s exciting, new high-density neighborhood, has all the amenities associated with urban living.Frank H. and Nancy L. Porter FundSherwick FundMalcolm L. McBrideDavid GoldbergMAGNET consultants helped Nextant Aerospace of Richmond Heights, Ohio, apply lean principles to its specialty business of remanufacturing corporate jets for an under-$5 million market. Title VIII (the “Federal Fair Housing Act”) of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, signed by President Johnson a week after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., advanced the struggle for integration taking place in Cleveland’s eastern suburbs and elsewhere across the nation.Lake-Geauga FundGoff did not believe that philanthropy should be the exclusive province of wealthy individuals such as Standard Oil Company founder John D. Rockefeller, a client of Goff’s former law firm.Presbyterian minister Bruce W. Klunder died while protesting the construction of three public elementary schools that Cleveland’s civil rights community believed would perpetuate a system of segregated and inferior education for African-American students.A greasy-spoon diner and flophouse at Payne and Walnut Avenues downtown, c. 1968—emblems of the City of Cleveland’s intensifying financial distress The RetreatCleveland Film SocietyWade Lagoon, the tranquil heart of Cleveland’s cultural hub 2004: The Gathering PlaceCleveland Housing Network financing programs have helped low- to moderate-income families become homeowners.By 1929, when Cleveland laid claim to having the tallest skyscraper in the country—the Terminal Tower, evocatively captured here by famed photographer Margaret Bourke-White—the community foundation movement had spread across America.A “City Canvases” mural by graphic designer John Morell1996: Dunham Tavern MuseumFrances Southworth Goff1997: Cleveland Clinic FoundationProjects receiving recent Neighborhood Connection grants have ranged from hands-on crafts classes to the reintroduction of beekeeping.  2005: ideastreamSinging AngelsA new company that makes and installs solar-panel arrays has been created with foundation support.The Palace, the flagship of the Keith chain of vaudeville theaters, reinvented itself as a wide-screen movie house in the 1950s.Tom L. Johnson, a reformer who served as Cleveland’s mayor from 1901 to 1909, helped to shape the city’s progressive climate. Albert Sabin (left) developed the oral vaccine given to Cleveland children.The March on Washington, August 28, 1963, at which Martin Luther King Jr. called upon the nation to make good on democracy’s promise of social and economic freedom for all citizens Hough’s frustrations with its seemingly intractable problems erupted into violence during the summer of 1966.Members of the African-American Philanthropy Committee: Reverend Elmo A. Bean, Doris A. Evans, M.D., David G. Hill, Lillian W. BurkeParticipants in Parade the Circle, an annual celebration of creativity Harold T. ClarkCharles P. BoltonKenneth W. Clement M.D.Reinhold W. Erickson, D.D.S.2002: Shaker Lakes Regional Nature CenterAn examination room at the Glenville Health Clinic27 Coltman, a luxury townhome development on the eastern boundary of University CircleJames A. RatnerH. Stuart Harrison1972: Huron Road MallGreen City Growers Cooperative’s 3.25-acre hydroponic greenhouse in the Central neighborhood opened in 2013.  Fostering economic opportunity via college scholarships: Garment workers at Joseph & Feiss Company, makers of the $15 blue serge suitChurch Square Commons, offering affordable apartments for adults 55 and older, is one of the Famicos Foundation’s most recent projects in Hough.Goff wisely decided that an independent citizen’s committee should determine how a community foundation’s income should be distributed, rather than the directors of the foundation’s trustee bank. Privately developed Beacon Place Townhomes on East 82nd Street—evidence of the return of middle-class Clevelanders to the central cityProtest demonstration at Cleveland State University, 1969: poverty rates in the central city on the riseHarry Goldblatt, M.D.Jacqueline F. WoodsThe State TheatreCleveland schools CEO Eric Gordon and Cleveland mayor Frank Jackson stumping in 2012 for the passage of the first operating levy to be placed on the ballet in 16 yearsWade Oval Wednesdays, summertime’s popular outdoor music seriesIvan Lecaros (right), a master printmaker from Chile, puts the final touches on a drawing for a silkscreen print during his 2012 residency at Zygote Press.Global Cleveland’s welcome centerGlenville High School students, 1914CommunityFoundationAtlas.org websiteAdam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies, Oberlin College1968: Karamu HouseWelcome committees were organized to greet bused students on their first day at their new crosstown schools. 2006: MOCA ClevelandThe Cleveland Trust Company’s neoclassical banking hall, which opened in 1908, was topped by an immense stained-glass dome.Flotsam despoiling the beach at Gordon ParkSt. Joseph's Orphanage for Girls on Woodland AvenueVice President Hubert H. Humphrey showed his support for Stokes’s Cleveland: NOW! initiative on a visit to the city in 1968.John J. DwyerCleveland Orchestra1986: Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum1994: Great Lakes Science MuseumAn owner-employee of the Evergreen LaundryFairfaxCaptain Frank’s seafood restaurant at the end of the Ninth Street Pier once commanded downtown’s best view of Lake Erie.1976: Sokol HallNancy Dwyer’s Who’s on First? benchHalprin worksheetGroundWorks Dance TheaterAlthough the foundation’s trailblazing was a faded tradition by 1955, when this picture of the trustee bank presidents holding a replica of the foundation’s logo was snapped, its stature as the world’s first community trust remained a source of pride.To date, 100 percent of the student body at the School of Science and Medicine goes on to college.Leadership of a 1933 initiative to replace squalid tenements with subsidized garden apartmentsAretha Franklin at the Tri-C JazzFestThe grand opening of The Avenue at Tower City, 1990Harry Coulby FundsJohn Sherwin Jr.Andrew Carnegie, the “king of steel,” created a private foundation to carry out his philanthropic activities. Goff invented a simpler, more affordable mechanism to serve the charitable impulses of caring individuals of all means.Chester Avenue demarks the northern border of the MidTown Corridor.Circle institutions have invested or are planning to invest billions in capital improvements, such as University Hospitals of Cleveland’s new Seidman Cancer Center.Kent H. SmithClean water advocates, 1968TremontPalace Theatre lobbyHomer C. WadsworthCleveland Institute of ArtThe Great Lakes Science Center’s wind turbine2013: Friends of the Cleveland School of the ArtsEvergreen Energy Solution’s photovoltaic panels2007: Great Lakes Theater FestivalThe bulldozer operator accidentally backed over Rev. Klunder in order to avoid hurting the protestors lying in front of him.A landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision righted the injustice experienced by Clarence Earl Gideon, a drifter who was convicted of felony theft because he could not afford an attorney and had defended himself at trial.New Gallery co-founders Marjorie Talalay (left) and Nina Castelli Sundell2000: Therapeutic Riding CenterSteven A. Minter1984: Cleveland Department of Parks, Recreation and Properties1999: Western Reserve Historical Society2010: Case Western Reserve UniversityRaymond C. MoleyThe Ohio Department of Natural Resources invested more than $40 million in capital improvements to the band of green spaces renamed the Cleveland Lakefront State Park. Ohio governor John Kasich at the signing of House Bill 525, legislation enabling education reform, in June 2012MOCA Cleveland’s faceted, mirrored, four-story art gallery anchors the Uptown development.The restored Hungarian Cultural GardenThe issues facing 21st-century Clevelanders—educational and economic opportunity, neighborhood and cultural vitality, and strong health and human services—are much the same as those with which earlier generations wrestled.Ralph J. Perk lends a hand to the theater restoration project, which began during his tenure as Cleveland mayor. Sustaining the excellence of the region’s cultural assets: a summer solstice party at the Cleveland Museum of ArtL. Dale Dorney Fund2001: Cleveland Botanical Garden2003: Hanna Perkins Center for Child DevelopmentThe Cleveland Foundation emerged from the crucible of the 1960s a stronger leader and more strategic grantmaker.In 1967, this Cleveland Heights home, owned by an African American, was bombed in a senseless and vain attempt to halt the suburb’s integration.The foundation’s 1915 public education survey resulted in sweeping reform. For decades thereafter, Cleveland’s school system was regarded as a model of excellence.Cleveland Ballet co-founder Dennis Nahat as the tsar and Nanette Glushak as the tsarina in the company’s signature holiday performance of The NutcrackerThe West 25th Street retail district in Ohio City exemplifies the objective recently adopted by Neighborhood Progress, Inc. of restoring market forces in target neighborhoods.1956: Cleveland Institute of ArtSlavic VillageThe East Central Townhomes, after a $1.2 million renovation by Burten, Bell and Carr Development Corporation1959: Cleveland Institute of MusicTri-C groundbreaking, 1966Green City Growers supplies Bibb lettuce, green leaf lettuce, gourmet lettuces and basil to institutional and commercial customers.Cleveland Institute of MusicInnovation: CleveMed’s wireless sleep monitorA satellite photograph of Lake Erie, downtown Cleveland and the Cuyahoga River valley: The foundation has learned to take the long view in helping the community craft fresh responses to persistent urban problems.Graduation day at Cleveland Early College High School, 2012Barack Obama campaigns at Tri-C, 20071996: Old Stone ChurchInauguration ceremony of the 1975 World Conference of the International Women’s Year, Mexico CityBelle SherwinAlfred M. Rankin Jr.Kucinich proclaiming victory on the eve of his election as mayor in 1977The 2011 renovation of the Allen Theatre's main auditoriumHunter MorrisonMalvin E. BankCarlton K. MatsonEuclid Avenue, looking east, c. 1910SPACESThe Cleveland Foodbank’s LEED-certified distribution centerArchitectural drawing of the Cleveland Metropolitan Housing Authority's Lakeview Tower, a senior high-rise proposed for the near west side in 1971Foundation leaders confer about how to distribute 1947 income of $614,479 to a standing list of charitable institutions and agencies. Foundation director Leyton E. Carter (third from right) is seated next to the board’s sole female member, Constance Mather Bishop. Great Lakes Science CenterThe formal entrance to the Judson Park retirement community, an independent living facility erected in 1974 next to the traditional nursing home established by the Baptist Home of Ohio in the former Bicknell mansion on Cleveland’s east sideCleveland OrchestraThe Frederick C. Crawford Auto Aviation Collection at the Western Reserve Historical SocietyAdvocating greater reliance on clean energy: a wind farm in northwestern OhioCharles A. RatnerCleveland, Ohio, the birthplace of an entirely new concept of philanthropyPlanning model of Cleveland, c. 1960Fred S. McConnellGoff in a rare moment of leisureMichael D. White won voter support for “mayoral control” of the Cleveland public schools.The multitude of organizational nameplates on the door to the Cleveland Foundation’s offices in the 1970s testified to its rebirth as a nexus of progressive philanthropy and an incubator of social-action programs.  A burning desire to be an attorney animated Goff as a young man.  MAGNET incubator tenant Tom Lix, the founder and CEO of Cleveland Whiskey, which has developed a proprietary process for accelerating the aging of distilled liquorsTri-C’s early use of computers as a teaching aid, c. 1980NewBridge prepares adults for careers as health care technicians.Manchester Bidwell, the Pittsburgh model on which NewBridge is based, has instilled a love of learning in teens who previously did not fare well in school.1982: The Temple1976: Cleveland Play HouseMort Epstein’s Pop Art-inspired electrical outlet, a CAAC-commissioned mural, graced the Union building on Euclid Avenue.Carl B. Stokes at a town hall meeting, 1969: an historic but troubled mayoral administration