100 Years in Pictures

Halprin’s impressionist sketch of Cleveland’s “Flats,” which he praised as a “tremendous resource.”  
Projects receiving recent Neighborhood Connection grants have ranged from hands-on crafts classes to the reintroduction of beekeeping.  Clean water advocates, 1968Aretha Franklin at the Tri-C JazzFestCharles P. Bolton1968: Karamu House1959: Cleveland Institute of MusicHarry Coulby Funds2006: Cleveland Clinic FoundationCleveland voters expressed their hopes for the success of the reform plan by approving the Issue 107 operating levy.The Cleveland Foodbank’s LEED-certified distribution center1964: Garden Center of Greater Cleveland1999: Western Reserve Historical Society1984: Cleveland Department of Parks, Recreation and PropertiesKatharine Holden Thayer by Cindy NaegeleTremontProgressive Field at GatewayNancy Dwyer’s Who’s on First? bench1968: Holden Arboretum2010: Hawken SchoolDispersed by police, the protesters did not succeed in halting construction, but Klunder’s martyrdom inspired the civil rights community to continue what was ultimately a victorious fight against segregation of the Cleveland public schools.The restored Hungarian Cultural GardenIn 1967, this Cleveland Heights home, owned by an African American, was bombed in a senseless and vain attempt to halt the suburb’s integration.Famed urban planner Lawrence Halprin (right) presented his ideas for downtown Cleveland’s redevelopment at a public forum in 1975 attended by Cleveland mayor Ralph J. Perk (center) and May Company department store president Francis Coy (left).A landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision righted the injustice experienced by Clarence Earl Gideon, a drifter who was convicted of felony theft because he could not afford an attorney and had defended himself at trial.2013: Friends of the Cleveland School of the ArtsGreen City Growers supplies Bibb lettuce, green leaf lettuce, gourmet lettuces and basil to institutional and commercial customers.Palace Theatre lobbyFlotsam despoiling the beach at Gordon ParkSupport for humanitarian aid to the unemployed: Stone carvers responsible for the iconic pylons of the Lorain-Carnegie Bridge, a rare Depression-era construction project completed in 1932 with bond funds approved before the stock market crashF. James and Rita Rechin FundThe Goff home on Lake Shore Boulevard in BratenahlThe Allen Theatre, originally an opulent silent movie house, c. 19382010: Case Western Reserve UniversityH. Stuart HarrisonThe bulldozer operator accidentally backed over Rev. Klunder in order to avoid hurting the protestors lying in front of him.Welcome committees were organized to greet bused students on their first day at their new crosstown schools. Tom L. Johnson, a reformer who served as Cleveland’s mayor from 1901 to 1909, helped to shape the city’s progressive climate. 1982: The TempleThe State TheatreFirst grants to advance serious medical research in an era still plagued with quackery: The Cunningham Sanitarium, located at East 185th Street and Lake Shore Boulevard, c. 1928. The sanitarium offered patients access to the world’s largest hyperbaric chamber, but its claims for the benefits of oxygen therapy proved specious.2003: Hanna Perkins Center for Child DevelopmentBusiness attraction: The Global Center for Health Innovation2002: Shaker Lakes Regional Nature CenterThe Great Lakes Science Center’s wind turbine2000: Cleveland Zoological SocietyLAND Studio’s proposed redesign of Public SquareAn assembly line at the Ford Motor Company plant in Brook Park, 1973: manufacturing jobs on the declineThe cast of Nicholas NicklebyThe NAACP-Cleveland’s fight for desegregation ultimately leads in 1973 to a federal lawsuit against the Cleveland public schools: the likelihood of court-ordering busing After their father's untimely death, future political icons Carl (left) and Louis Stokes lived with their mother at Outhwaite Homes.Uptown, the Circle’s exciting, new high-density neighborhood, has all the amenities associated with urban living.The 2011 renovation of the Allen Theatre's main auditoriumWade Lagoon, the tranquil heart of Cleveland’s cultural hub John SherwinSherwick FundSinging AngelsCleveland Museum of ArtMOCA ClevelandGoff did not believe that philanthropy should be the exclusive province of wealthy individuals such as Standard Oil Company founder John D. Rockefeller, a client of Goff’s former law firm.Lake-Geauga FundRalph J. Perk lends a hand to the theater restoration project, which began during his tenure as Cleveland mayor. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum2002: Cleveland Institute of MusicBy 1929, when Cleveland laid claim to having the tallest skyscraper in the country—the Terminal Tower, evocatively captured here by famed photographer Margaret Bourke-White—the community foundation movement had spread across America.Wade Oval Wednesdays, summertime’s popular outdoor music seriesGreat Lakes Theater FestivalAn owner-employee of the Evergreen LaundryJames A. RatnerCleveland Play HouseFred S. McConnell1994: Great Lakes Science MuseumTo date, 100 percent of the student body at the School of Science and Medicine goes on to college.Dancing WheelsEvergreen Energy Solution’s photovoltaic panelsThe Board of Education building in downtown Cleveland, longtime headquarters of the system’s central administrationCleveland’s busy riverfront, south of the Superior ViaductStokes and his wife, Shirley, on election day, 1968 Cleveland Housing Network was the lead developer of Greenbridge Commons, permanent housing for chronically homeless individuals, in the Fairfax neighborhood.1991: Hathaway Brown SchoolBarack Obama campaigns at Tri-C, 2007University Circle’s cultural institutions have long been renowned for their enriching educational activities.Cleveland Ballet co-founder Dennis Nahat as the tsar and Nanette Glushak as the tsarina in the company’s signature holiday performance of The NutcrackerThe formal entrance to the Judson Park retirement community, an independent living facility erected in 1974 next to the traditional nursing home established by the Baptist Home of Ohio in the former Bicknell mansion on Cleveland’s east sideCircle institutions have invested or are planning to invest billions in capital improvements, such as University Hospitals of Cleveland’s new Seidman Cancer Center.Fostering economic opportunity via college scholarships: Garment workers at Joseph & Feiss Company, makers of the $15 blue serge suitNewBridge prepares adults for careers as health care technicians.Malvin E. Bank2004: The Gathering PlaceHolsey Gates HandysideThe Palace, the flagship of the Keith chain of vaudeville theaters, reinvented itself as a wide-screen movie house in the 1950s.David GoldbergOhio governor John Kasich at the signing of House Bill 525, legislation enabling education reform, in June 2012James A. NortonDonald and Ruth GoodmanRaymond Q. ArmingtonRonald B. RichardHough’s frustrations with its seemingly intractable problems erupted into violence during the summer of 1966.2007: Great Lakes Theater FestivalCleveland Housing Network financing programs have helped low- to moderate-income families become homeowners.Global Cleveland’s welcome centerCleveland Institute of ArtRaymond C. MoleyGeorge and Janet VoinovichA new company that makes and installs solar-panel arrays has been created with foundation support.Harry Goldblatt, M.D.John L. McChordApollo’s FireThe March on Washington, August 28, 1963, at which Martin Luther King Jr. called upon the nation to make good on democracy’s promise of social and economic freedom for all citizens Cleveland OrchestraCommencement at Tri-C, 1975Vietnamese lutist Pham Thi Hue was Young Audiences of Northeast Ohio’s artist in residence in 2013.A burning desire to be an attorney animated Goff as a young man.  Master planner I. M. Pei (right), Cleveland’s urban renewal director James Lister (center) and chief architect Jack Hayes at the Erieview Tower construction site, 1954 Carl B. Stokes at a town hall meeting, 1969: an historic but troubled mayoral administration Innovation: CleveMed’s wireless sleep monitorAdvocating greater reliance on clean energy: a wind farm in northwestern OhioThe passenger terminal at Cleveland-Hopkins Airport, c. 1956The multitude of organizational nameplates on the door to the Cleveland Foundation’s offices in the 1970s testified to its rebirth as a nexus of progressive philanthropy and an incubator of social-action programs.  Cleveland City Hospital’s “iron lung” respirator, used for treating polio patients whose paralyzed muscles cause breathing difficulties, 1933Hunter MorrisonMalcolm L. McBride1975: Kenneth C. Beck Center for the Cultural ArtsLakeview TerraceThe Dolan Center for Science and Technology at John Carroll University incorporated green building materials and smart energy and water systems.MOCA Cleveland’s faceted, mirrored, four-story art gallery anchors the Uptown development.The Cleveland Foundation emerged from the crucible of the 1960s a stronger leader and more strategic grantmaker.Title VIII (the “Federal Fair Housing Act”) of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, signed by President Johnson a week after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., advanced the struggle for integration taking place in Cleveland’s eastern suburbs and elsewhere across the nation.Tri-C JazzFest, 1993Slavic VillageFrederick Harris Goff, humanitarian, 1858‒1923Catharine Monroe LewisCaptain Frank’s seafood restaurant at the end of the Ninth Street Pier once commanded downtown’s best view of Lake Erie.The Ohio Department of Natural Resources invested more than $40 million in capital improvements to the band of green spaces renamed the Cleveland Lakefront State Park. CommunityFoundationAtlas.org websiteAndrew Carnegie, the “king of steel,” created a private foundation to carry out his philanthropic activities. Goff invented a simpler, more affordable mechanism to serve the charitable impulses of caring individuals of all means.Cleveland BalletGroundWorks Dance TheaterLeadership of a 1933 initiative to replace squalid tenements with subsidized garden apartmentsMort Epstein’s Pop Art-inspired electrical outlet, a CAAC-commissioned mural, graced the Union building on Euclid Avenue.Cleveland Film SocietyCleveland Public ArtChurch Square Commons, offering affordable apartments for adults 55 and older, is one of the Famicos Foundation’s most recent projects in Hough.The reversal of downtown Cleveland’s stagnation, symbolized by the redevelopment of the Terminal Tower, is a 60-year-old work in progress in which the foundation has been steadily engaged.1996: Old Stone ChurchA satellite photograph of Lake Erie, downtown Cleveland and the Cuyahoga River valley: The foundation has learned to take the long view in helping the community craft fresh responses to persistent urban problems.John Sherwin Jr.Mayor Dennis Kucinich’s ceremonial presentation of a post-default debt paymentFoundation leaders confer about how to distribute 1947 income of $614,479 to a standing list of charitable institutions and agencies. Foundation director Leyton E. Carter (third from right) is seated next to the board’s sole female member, Constance Mather Bishop. Graduation day at Cleveland Early College High School, 2012Carl W. BrandCleveland Institute of MusicIvan Lecaros (right), a master printmaker from Chile, puts the final touches on a drawing for a silkscreen print during his 2012 residency at Zygote Press.Kent H. SmithSteven A. MinterProposed townhomes for East 118th StreetManchester Bidwell, the Pittsburgh model on which NewBridge is based, has instilled a love of learning in teens who previously did not fare well in school.Stanley C. PaceEllwood H. FisherParticipants in Parade the Circle, an annual celebration of creativity Albert Sabin (left) developed the oral vaccine given to Cleveland children.Barbecue restaurant owner Al (Bubba) Baker received a microloan that enabled the former Browns football player to begin local distribution of his proprietary de-boned baby-back ribs.Under the leadership of former CEO Baiju Shah, BioEnterprise created, recruited or helped to grow more than 170 local biotechnology companies.Frances Southworth GoffCommunityFoundationAtlas.org websiteAlfred M. Rankin Jr.Adam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies, Oberlin College1976: Sokol HallA greasy-spoon diner and flophouse at Payne and Walnut Avenues downtown, c. 1968—emblems of the City of Cleveland’s intensifying financial distress 2005: ideastreamFrank H. and Nancy L. Porter FundThe RetreatThe West 25th Street retail district in Ohio City exemplifies the objective recently adopted by Neighborhood Progress, Inc. of restoring market forces in target neighborhoods.MAGNET’s Prism program helped Cleveland-based Vitamix keep up with demand for its high-end blenders.A. E. Convers FundVice President Hubert H. Humphrey showed his support for Stokes’s Cleveland: NOW! initiative on a visit to the city in 1968.New Gallery co-founders Marjorie Talalay (left) and Nina Castelli SundellJohn J. DwyerSt. Joseph's Orphanage for Girls on Woodland AvenueGlenville High School students, 1914Architectural drawing of the Cleveland Metropolitan Housing Authority's Lakeview Tower, a senior high-rise proposed for the near west side in 19711972: Huron Road MallThe Cleveland Trust Company’s neoclassical banking hall, which opened in 1908, was topped by an immense stained-glass dome.Anisfield-Wolf Book AwardsGrand opening of the Outhwaite Homes, 1937Planning model of Cleveland, c. 1960Sold out! Heritage Lane townhomes, built within walking distance of the CircleThe Cleveland Housing Network assisted the Mt. Pleasant Now nonprofit development corporation with the construction of the Union Court senior apartments.Chester Avenue demarks the northern border of the MidTown Corridor.Dr. King speaking in Rockefeller Park on a visit to Cleveland in 1967. The previous year he had dramatized the issue of housing discrimination by moving his family into a grimy apartment on the segregated west side of Chicago and joining in protest marches into that city’s all-white neighborhoods.The East Central Townhomes, after a $1.2 million renovation by Burten, Bell and Carr Development CorporationAn east-side Cleveland elementary school, 1963: growing frustration with what appears to be systematic segregationMAGNET consultants helped Nextant Aerospace of Richmond Heights, Ohio, apply lean principles to its specialty business of remanufacturing corporate jets for an under-$5 million market. Frances Southworth, Goff’s bride and intellectual partnerInstitute of Pathology at Western Reserve University, as it appeared at its opening in 1929Tri-C groundbreaking, 1966L. Dale Dorney FundCool Cleveland editor and publisher Tom MulreadyThe issues facing 21st-century Clevelanders—educational and economic opportunity, neighborhood and cultural vitality, and strong health and human services—are much the same as those with which earlier generations wrestled.Leyton E. CarterRichard W. PogueCharles A. RatnerContaminants flowing into Lake Erie, 1965Cleveland’s well-financed and -run network of community development organizations targeted this crumbling but historic eight-unit rowhouse in the Central neighborhood for rehabilitation.Carlton K. MatsonAddressing the changing socioeconomic needs of the African-American community: 20th anniversary convening of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, hosted by Cleveland in 1929Neighbors who have come together to work on improvement of their neighborhoodDetroit Shoreway1997: Cleveland Clinic FoundationPresbyterian minister Bruce W. Klunder died while protesting the construction of three public elementary schools that Cleveland’s civil rights community believed would perpetuate a system of segregated and inferior education for African-American students.1986: Cain ParkHalprin worksheetMAGNET incubator graduate, DXY Solutions, makes components and software for mobile devices.Harold T. ClarkStokes with his brother Louis (left)The foundation’s vision of creating a wind farm in Lake Erie is moving closer to reality.Euclid Avenue, looking east, c. 1910On his way to building Cleveland Trust into America’s sixth largest bank, Goff occasionally took time out to indulge his passion for fishing.Treu-Mart FundThe Peter B. Lewis Building, designed by Frank Gehry, is the home of Case Western Reserve University’s Weatherhead School of Management.Lexington VillageOn December 15, 1978, Cleveland City Council considered and rejected Mayor Kucinich’s 11th-hour plan to avoid default.2006: MOCA ClevelandKucinich proclaiming victory on the eve of his election as mayor in 1977Gordon Park in its heyday1967: Blossom Music CenterGoff in a rare moment of leisure1956: Cleveland Institute of ArtInauguration ceremony of the 1975 World Conference of the International Women’s Year, Mexico CityKenneth W. Clement M.D.Robert E. Eckardt, Ph.D.Cleveland schools CEO Eric Gordon and Cleveland mayor Frank Jackson stumping in 2012 for the passage of the first operating levy to be placed on the ballet in 16 yearsSustaining the excellence of the region’s cultural assets: a summer solstice party at the Cleveland Museum of ArtThe original Free Clinic, a drug treatment center on Cornell RoadCleveland OrchestraUpper Chester, which abuts the Cleveland Clinic, is the next Circle neighborhood slated for redevelopment.Privately developed Beacon Place Townhomes on East 82nd Street—evidence of the return of middle-class Clevelanders to the central cityTri-C’s early use of computers as a teaching aid, c. 1980Edgewater Park under state stewardshipA new generation of Circle fansAn examination room at the Glenville Health ClinicMAGNET incubator tenant Tom Lix, the founder and CEO of Cleveland Whiskey, which has developed a proprietary process for accelerating the aging of distilled liquorsAlthough the foundation’s trailblazing was a faded tradition by 1955, when this picture of the trustee bank presidents holding a replica of the foundation’s logo was snapped, its stature as the world’s first community trust remained a source of pride.27 Coltman, a luxury townhome development on the eastern boundary of University CircleCleveland, Ohio, the birthplace of an entirely new concept of philanthropy1998: Cuyahoga Valley Scenic RailroadOhio City2009: Cleveland Institute of ArtThe gallery's second home on Bellflower Road in University Circle1961: Benjamin Rose InstituteMichael D. White won voter support for “mayoral control” of the Cleveland public schools.Homer C. WadsworthR. M. Fischer’s Sports StacksBelle SherwinReinhold W. Erickson, D.D.S.Karamu HouseJ. Kimball Johnson2001: Cleveland Botanical Garden1981: Convention and Visitors Bureau of Greater ClevelandThe foundation helped to draft and win passage of a clean energy law for Ohio.Great Lakes Science CenterSophisticated life support equipment in an air ambulance made by Nextant Aerospace, Ohio’s only aircraft manufacturer and a MAGNET clientJames D. WilliamsonBusiness growth: The Greater Cleveland Partnership’s business development teamFirst Lady Eleanor Roosevelt (third from left) at the 1937 dedication of Lakeview Terrace, the nation’s first public housingJames R. GarfieldGreen City Growers Cooperative’s 3.25-acre hydroponic greenhouse in the Central neighborhood opened in 2013.  Jacqueline F. WoodsLinking city kids to life-enriching programs: Duffy Liturgical Dance teaches children to perform and thus preserve songs and dances created by African slaves in America.2000: Therapeutic Riding CenterSPACES1957: Cleveland Museum of Natural HistoryGoff wisely decided that an independent citizen’s committee should determine how a community foundation’s income should be distributed, rather than the directors of the foundation’s trustee bank. 1976: Cleveland Play HouseThe foundation’s 1915 public education survey resulted in sweeping reform. For decades thereafter, Cleveland’s school system was regarded as a model of excellence.1973: Severance HallDancer/choreographer Kapila Palihawadana of Sri Lanka, 2012 artist in residence with the Inlet Dance Theatre, conducts a master dance class at the Beck Center for the Performing Arts.1982: Cleveland Institute of Art1985: Cleveland State UniversityPlayhouse Square, c. 19692004: Cleveland Museum of ArtFairfaxCleveland mayor Ralph S. LocherA “City Canvases” mural by graphic designer John MorellEntrepreneurship: Wood Trac, an affordable, drop-ceiling system developed and marketed by Sauder Woodworking, a family-owned business in Ashland, OhioThe Frederick C. Crawford Auto Aviation Collection at the Western Reserve Historical Society1986: Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum1996: Dunham Tavern MuseumThe grand opening of The Avenue at Tower City, 1990Barbara Haas RawsonProtest demonstration at Cleveland State University, 1969: poverty rates in the central city on the riseArtist’s conception of the new Regional Transit Authority station planned for Mayfield Road in Little ItalyMembers of the African-American Philanthropy Committee: Reverend Elmo A. Bean, Doris A. Evans, M.D., David G. Hill, Lillian W. Burke