100 Years in Pictures

1976: Sokol HallCharles P. BoltonMAGNET consultants helped Nextant Aerospace of Richmond Heights, Ohio, apply lean principles to its specialty business of remanufacturing corporate jets for an under-$5 million market. Fred S. McConnellAndrew Carnegie, the “king of steel,” created a private foundation to carry out his philanthropic activities. Goff invented a simpler, more affordable mechanism to serve the charitable impulses of caring individuals of all means.1996: Dunham Tavern MuseumAlthough the foundation’s trailblazing was a faded tradition by 1955, when this picture of the trustee bank presidents holding a replica of the foundation’s logo was snapped, its stature as the world’s first community trust remained a source of pride.1957: Cleveland Museum of Natural HistoryCleveland BalletTremont1999: Western Reserve Historical SocietyThe cast of Nicholas NicklebyJohn Sherwin Jr.Progressive Field at Gateway1981: Convention and Visitors Bureau of Greater ClevelandTitle VIII (the “Federal Fair Housing Act”) of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, signed by President Johnson a week after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., advanced the struggle for integration taking place in Cleveland’s eastern suburbs and elsewhere across the nation.Malvin E. BankMOCA Cleveland’s faceted, mirrored, four-story art gallery anchors the Uptown development.Dispersed by police, the protesters did not succeed in halting construction, but Klunder’s martyrdom inspired the civil rights community to continue what was ultimately a victorious fight against segregation of the Cleveland public schools.Graduation day at Cleveland Early College High School, 2012Carl W. BrandCleveland City Hospital’s “iron lung” respirator, used for treating polio patients whose paralyzed muscles cause breathing difficulties, 1933The March on Washington, August 28, 1963, at which Martin Luther King Jr. called upon the nation to make good on democracy’s promise of social and economic freedom for all citizens Wade Oval Wednesdays, summertime’s popular outdoor music seriesFrances Southworth GoffGoff wisely decided that an independent citizen’s committee should determine how a community foundation’s income should be distributed, rather than the directors of the foundation’s trustee bank. Stanley C. PaceCleveland OrchestraThe grand opening of The Avenue at Tower City, 1990Ronald B. Richard2005: ideastreamGreat Lakes Science CenterCommencement at Tri-C, 1975Apollo’s Fire1996: Old Stone ChurchChester Avenue demarks the northern border of the MidTown Corridor.James D. Williamson1986: Cain ParkPrivately developed Beacon Place Townhomes on East 82nd Street—evidence of the return of middle-class Clevelanders to the central cityAlbert Sabin (left) developed the oral vaccine given to Cleveland children.Addressing the changing socioeconomic needs of the African-American community: 20th anniversary convening of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, hosted by Cleveland in 1929Dancing WheelsCleveland Film SocietySPACESThe issues facing 21st-century Clevelanders—educational and economic opportunity, neighborhood and cultural vitality, and strong health and human services—are much the same as those with which earlier generations wrestled.Leadership of a 1933 initiative to replace squalid tenements with subsidized garden apartmentsGreen City Growers Cooperative’s 3.25-acre hydroponic greenhouse in the Central neighborhood opened in 2013.  On December 15, 1978, Cleveland City Council considered and rejected Mayor Kucinich’s 11th-hour plan to avoid default.Participants in Parade the Circle, an annual celebration of creativity Harry Coulby FundsBy 1929, when Cleveland laid claim to having the tallest skyscraper in the country—the Terminal Tower, evocatively captured here by famed photographer Margaret Bourke-White—the community foundation movement had spread across America.Fostering economic opportunity via college scholarships: Garment workers at Joseph & Feiss Company, makers of the $15 blue serge suit2007: Great Lakes Theater FestivalGlenville High School students, 1914Barbara Haas RawsonSupport for humanitarian aid to the unemployed: Stone carvers responsible for the iconic pylons of the Lorain-Carnegie Bridge, a rare Depression-era construction project completed in 1932 with bond funds approved before the stock market crashJames R. GarfieldJohn L. McChordRaymond C. MoleyCleveland OrchestraContaminants flowing into Lake Erie, 1965Manchester Bidwell, the Pittsburgh model on which NewBridge is based, has instilled a love of learning in teens who previously did not fare well in school.Ralph J. Perk lends a hand to the theater restoration project, which began during his tenure as Cleveland mayor. Clean water advocates, 19681986: Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and MuseumThe Board of Education building in downtown Cleveland, longtime headquarters of the system’s central administration27 Coltman, a luxury townhome development on the eastern boundary of University Circle2006: Cleveland Clinic FoundationCleveland Institute of ArtCleveland mayor Ralph S. Locher2000: Therapeutic Riding Center1976: Cleveland Play HouseR. M. Fischer’s Sports Stacks2000: Cleveland Zoological SocietyArtist’s conception of the new Regional Transit Authority station planned for Mayfield Road in Little ItalyTri-C JazzFest, 1993L. Dale Dorney FundMembers of the African-American Philanthropy Committee: Reverend Elmo A. Bean, Doris A. Evans, M.D., David G. Hill, Lillian W. BurkeMAGNET incubator tenant Tom Lix, the founder and CEO of Cleveland Whiskey, which has developed a proprietary process for accelerating the aging of distilled liquorsFirst grants to advance serious medical research in an era still plagued with quackery: The Cunningham Sanitarium, located at East 185th Street and Lake Shore Boulevard, c. 1928. The sanitarium offered patients access to the world’s largest hyperbaric chamber, but its claims for the benefits of oxygen therapy proved specious.Projects receiving recent Neighborhood Connection grants have ranged from hands-on crafts classes to the reintroduction of beekeeping.  The Peter B. Lewis Building, designed by Frank Gehry, is the home of Case Western Reserve University’s Weatherhead School of Management.Goff in a rare moment of leisureThe foundation’s vision of creating a wind farm in Lake Erie is moving closer to reality.The West 25th Street retail district in Ohio City exemplifies the objective recently adopted by Neighborhood Progress, Inc. of restoring market forces in target neighborhoods.A greasy-spoon diner and flophouse at Payne and Walnut Avenues downtown, c. 1968—emblems of the City of Cleveland’s intensifying financial distress Foundation leaders confer about how to distribute 1947 income of $614,479 to a standing list of charitable institutions and agencies. Foundation director Leyton E. Carter (third from right) is seated next to the board’s sole female member, Constance Mather Bishop. Vietnamese lutist Pham Thi Hue was Young Audiences of Northeast Ohio’s artist in residence in 2013.Under the leadership of former CEO Baiju Shah, BioEnterprise created, recruited or helped to grow more than 170 local biotechnology companies.The gallery's second home on Bellflower Road in University CircleEllwood H. FisherH. Stuart Harrison1982: Cleveland Institute of ArtKatharine Holden Thayer by Cindy NaegeleThe foundation helped to draft and win passage of a clean energy law for Ohio.Carl B. Stokes at a town hall meeting, 1969: an historic but troubled mayoral administration Cleveland’s well-financed and -run network of community development organizations targeted this crumbling but historic eight-unit rowhouse in the Central neighborhood for rehabilitation.Lake-Geauga FundMayor Dennis Kucinich’s ceremonial presentation of a post-default debt paymentA “City Canvases” mural by graphic designer John MorellThe Cleveland Foodbank’s LEED-certified distribution centerHunter MorrisonA burning desire to be an attorney animated Goff as a young man.  Neighbors who have come together to work on improvement of their neighborhoodRock and Roll Hall of Fame and MuseumNew Gallery co-founders Marjorie Talalay (left) and Nina Castelli Sundell1961: Benjamin Rose InstituteGroundWorks Dance TheaterStokes with his brother Louis (left)The Cleveland Foundation emerged from the crucible of the 1960s a stronger leader and more strategic grantmaker.St. Joseph's Orphanage for Girls on Woodland AvenueAfter their father's untimely death, future political icons Carl (left) and Louis Stokes lived with their mother at Outhwaite Homes.Cleveland, Ohio, the birthplace of an entirely new concept of philanthropyGreen City Growers supplies Bibb lettuce, green leaf lettuce, gourmet lettuces and basil to institutional and commercial customers.1997: Cleveland Clinic Foundation1991: Hathaway Brown SchoolWade Lagoon, the tranquil heart of Cleveland’s cultural hub Captain Frank’s seafood restaurant at the end of the Ninth Street Pier once commanded downtown’s best view of Lake Erie.John J. DwyerLAND Studio’s proposed redesign of Public SquareCommunityFoundationAtlas.org website1968: Karamu HouseDr. King speaking in Rockefeller Park on a visit to Cleveland in 1967. The previous year he had dramatized the issue of housing discrimination by moving his family into a grimy apartment on the segregated west side of Chicago and joining in protest marches into that city’s all-white neighborhoods.Sustaining the excellence of the region’s cultural assets: a summer solstice party at the Cleveland Museum of Art1972: Huron Road MallHolsey Gates HandysideThe restored Hungarian Cultural GardenThe foundation’s 1915 public education survey resulted in sweeping reform. For decades thereafter, Cleveland’s school system was regarded as a model of excellence.Barack Obama campaigns at Tri-C, 2007Church Square Commons, offering affordable apartments for adults 55 and older, is one of the Famicos Foundation’s most recent projects in Hough.Sherwick Fund2004: Cleveland Museum of ArtMort Epstein’s Pop Art-inspired electrical outlet, a CAAC-commissioned mural, graced the Union building on Euclid Avenue.Palace Theatre lobbyRichard W. PogueHough’s frustrations with its seemingly intractable problems erupted into violence during the summer of 1966.Charles A. RatnerDetroit ShorewayStokes and his wife, Shirley, on election day, 1968 Slavic VillageHalprin’s impressionist sketch of Cleveland’s “Flats,” which he praised as a “tremendous resource.”  
Carlton K. MatsonJames A. NortonCatharine Monroe LewisThe multitude of organizational nameplates on the door to the Cleveland Foundation’s offices in the 1970s testified to its rebirth as a nexus of progressive philanthropy and an incubator of social-action programs.  MAGNET’s Prism program helped Cleveland-based Vitamix keep up with demand for its high-end blenders.Uptown, the Circle’s exciting, new high-density neighborhood, has all the amenities associated with urban living.The original Free Clinic, a drug treatment center on Cornell RoadGlobal Cleveland’s welcome centerMalcolm L. McBrideThe Retreat2009: Cleveland Institute of ArtFamed urban planner Lawrence Halprin (right) presented his ideas for downtown Cleveland’s redevelopment at a public forum in 1975 attended by Cleveland mayor Ralph J. Perk (center) and May Company department store president Francis Coy (left).An owner-employee of the Evergreen LaundryGrand opening of the Outhwaite Homes, 1937Upper Chester, which abuts the Cleveland Clinic, is the next Circle neighborhood slated for redevelopment.Donald and Ruth GoodmanDavid GoldbergHalprin worksheet2006: MOCA Cleveland2002: Cleveland Institute of MusicThe bulldozer operator accidentally backed over Rev. Klunder in order to avoid hurting the protestors lying in front of him.Edgewater Park under state stewardshipCleveland Museum of ArtAnisfield-Wolf Book AwardsAlfred M. Rankin Jr.Adam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies, Oberlin CollegeAn examination room at the Glenville Health ClinicA satellite photograph of Lake Erie, downtown Cleveland and the Cuyahoga River valley: The foundation has learned to take the long view in helping the community craft fresh responses to persistent urban problems.2013: Friends of the Cleveland School of the ArtsCommunityFoundationAtlas.org websitePlayhouse Square, c. 1969Cleveland Housing Network financing programs have helped low- to moderate-income families become homeowners.Frank H. and Nancy L. Porter FundCleveland schools CEO Eric Gordon and Cleveland mayor Frank Jackson stumping in 2012 for the passage of the first operating levy to be placed on the ballet in 16 yearsThe 2011 renovation of the Allen Theatre's main auditoriumOn his way to building Cleveland Trust into America’s sixth largest bank, Goff occasionally took time out to indulge his passion for fishing.Euclid Avenue, looking east, c. 1910The Frederick C. Crawford Auto Aviation Collection at the Western Reserve Historical SocietyInnovation: CleveMed’s wireless sleep monitorThe reversal of downtown Cleveland’s stagnation, symbolized by the redevelopment of the Terminal Tower, is a 60-year-old work in progress in which the foundation has been steadily engaged.Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey showed his support for Stokes’s Cleveland: NOW! initiative on a visit to the city in 1968.Lakeview TerraceReinhold W. Erickson, D.D.S.MOCA ClevelandFirst Lady Eleanor Roosevelt (third from left) at the 1937 dedication of Lakeview Terrace, the nation’s first public housingThe Goff home on Lake Shore Boulevard in BratenahlProtest demonstration at Cleveland State University, 1969: poverty rates in the central city on the riseThe Allen Theatre, originally an opulent silent movie house, c. 1938An east-side Cleveland elementary school, 1963: growing frustration with what appears to be systematic segregationHarold T. ClarkThe Great Lakes Science Center’s wind turbineBelle Sherwin2010: Case Western Reserve UniversityAdvocating greater reliance on clean energy: a wind farm in northwestern OhioKaramu House2002: Shaker Lakes Regional Nature Center2010: Hawken SchoolHarry Goldblatt, M.D.1998: Cuyahoga Valley Scenic RailroadKucinich proclaiming victory on the eve of his election as mayor in 1977Sophisticated life support equipment in an air ambulance made by Nextant Aerospace, Ohio’s only aircraft manufacturer and a MAGNET clientBusiness attraction: The Global Center for Health InnovationThe NAACP-Cleveland’s fight for desegregation ultimately leads in 1973 to a federal lawsuit against the Cleveland public schools: the likelihood of court-ordering busing Leyton E. CarterGreat Lakes Theater Festival1968: Holden ArboretumEvergreen Energy Solution’s photovoltaic panelsBarbecue restaurant owner Al (Bubba) Baker received a microloan that enabled the former Browns football player to begin local distribution of his proprietary de-boned baby-back ribs.Raymond Q. ArmingtonIvan Lecaros (right), a master printmaker from Chile, puts the final touches on a drawing for a silkscreen print during his 2012 residency at Zygote Press.Cleveland Housing Network was the lead developer of Greenbridge Commons, permanent housing for chronically homeless individuals, in the Fairfax neighborhood.1973: Severance HallGordon Park in its heydayCleveland Ballet co-founder Dennis Nahat as the tsar and Nanette Glushak as the tsarina in the company’s signature holiday performance of The NutcrackerFrances Southworth, Goff’s bride and intellectual partnerTri-C’s early use of computers as a teaching aid, c. 1980Frederick Harris Goff, humanitarian, 1858‒1923Proposed townhomes for East 118th StreetDancer/choreographer Kapila Palihawadana of Sri Lanka, 2012 artist in residence with the Inlet Dance Theatre, conducts a master dance class at the Beck Center for the Performing Arts.An assembly line at the Ford Motor Company plant in Brook Park, 1973: manufacturing jobs on the declineSinging AngelsCleveland’s busy riverfront, south of the Superior ViaductKenneth W. Clement M.D.The Palace, the flagship of the Keith chain of vaudeville theaters, reinvented itself as a wide-screen movie house in the 1950s.Circle institutions have invested or are planning to invest billions in capital improvements, such as University Hospitals of Cleveland’s new Seidman Cancer Center.To date, 100 percent of the student body at the School of Science and Medicine goes on to college.Ohio governor John Kasich at the signing of House Bill 525, legislation enabling education reform, in June 2012The Cleveland Trust Company’s neoclassical banking hall, which opened in 1908, was topped by an immense stained-glass dome.NewBridge prepares adults for careers as health care technicians.Cleveland Public ArtArchitectural drawing of the Cleveland Metropolitan Housing Authority's Lakeview Tower, a senior high-rise proposed for the near west side in 1971A landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision righted the injustice experienced by Clarence Earl Gideon, a drifter who was convicted of felony theft because he could not afford an attorney and had defended himself at trial.University Circle’s cultural institutions have long been renowned for their enriching educational activities.The State Theatre2003: Hanna Perkins Center for Child Development2004: The Gathering PlaceLinking city kids to life-enriching programs: Duffy Liturgical Dance teaches children to perform and thus preserve songs and dances created by African slaves in America.A new generation of Circle fansThe passenger terminal at Cleveland-Hopkins Airport, c. 19561994: Great Lakes Science Museum1967: Blossom Music CenterCool Cleveland editor and publisher Tom MulreadyWelcome committees were organized to greet bused students on their first day at their new crosstown schools. Goff did not believe that philanthropy should be the exclusive province of wealthy individuals such as Standard Oil Company founder John D. Rockefeller, a client of Goff’s former law firm.Institute of Pathology at Western Reserve University, as it appeared at its opening in 1929Tom L. Johnson, a reformer who served as Cleveland’s mayor from 1901 to 1909, helped to shape the city’s progressive climate. Aretha Franklin at the Tri-C JazzFest1964: Garden Center of Greater Cleveland1956: Cleveland Institute of Art1959: Cleveland Institute of Music1985: Cleveland State UniversityThe East Central Townhomes, after a $1.2 million renovation by Burten, Bell and Carr Development CorporationBusiness growth: The Greater Cleveland Partnership’s business development teamThe Ohio Department of Natural Resources invested more than $40 million in capital improvements to the band of green spaces renamed the Cleveland Lakefront State Park. MAGNET incubator graduate, DXY Solutions, makes components and software for mobile devices.Nancy Dwyer’s Who’s on First? benchLexington VillagePresbyterian minister Bruce W. Klunder died while protesting the construction of three public elementary schools that Cleveland’s civil rights community believed would perpetuate a system of segregated and inferior education for African-American students.1975: Kenneth C. Beck Center for the Cultural ArtsJ. Kimball JohnsonSold out! Heritage Lane townhomes, built within walking distance of the CircleCleveland voters expressed their hopes for the success of the reform plan by approving the Issue 107 operating levy.2001: Cleveland Botanical GardenTreu-Mart FundF. James and Rita Rechin FundIn 1967, this Cleveland Heights home, owned by an African American, was bombed in a senseless and vain attempt to halt the suburb’s integration.A new company that makes and installs solar-panel arrays has been created with foundation support.FairfaxJames A. RatnerSteven A. MinterMaster planner I. M. Pei (right), Cleveland’s urban renewal director James Lister (center) and chief architect Jack Hayes at the Erieview Tower construction site, 1954 Kent H. SmithPlanning model of Cleveland, c. 1960Tri-C groundbreaking, 1966George and Janet VoinovichRobert E. Eckardt, Ph.D.Flotsam despoiling the beach at Gordon ParkThe formal entrance to the Judson Park retirement community, an independent living facility erected in 1974 next to the traditional nursing home established by the Baptist Home of Ohio in the former Bicknell mansion on Cleveland’s east side1984: Cleveland Department of Parks, Recreation and PropertiesMichael D. White won voter support for “mayoral control” of the Cleveland public schools.A. E. Convers FundEntrepreneurship: Wood Trac, an affordable, drop-ceiling system developed and marketed by Sauder Woodworking, a family-owned business in Ashland, OhioInauguration ceremony of the 1975 World Conference of the International Women’s Year, Mexico City1982: The TempleCleveland Play HouseCleveland Institute of MusicHomer C. WadsworthOhio CityThe Cleveland Housing Network assisted the Mt. Pleasant Now nonprofit development corporation with the construction of the Union Court senior apartments.John SherwinJacqueline F. WoodsThe Dolan Center for Science and Technology at John Carroll University incorporated green building materials and smart energy and water systems.