100 Years in Pictures

Richard W. PogueHunter MorrisonDancing WheelsThe NAACP-Cleveland’s fight for desegregation ultimately leads in 1973 to a federal lawsuit against the Cleveland public schools: the likelihood of court-ordering busing 1994: Great Lakes Science Museum1981: Convention and Visitors Bureau of Greater ClevelandTitle VIII (the “Federal Fair Housing Act”) of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, signed by President Johnson a week after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., advanced the struggle for integration taking place in Cleveland’s eastern suburbs and elsewhere across the nation.1956: Cleveland Institute of ArtBusiness attraction: The Global Center for Health InnovationMayor Dennis Kucinich’s ceremonial presentation of a post-default debt payment1991: Hathaway Brown School1959: Cleveland Institute of MusicSupport for humanitarian aid to the unemployed: Stone carvers responsible for the iconic pylons of the Lorain-Carnegie Bridge, a rare Depression-era construction project completed in 1932 with bond funds approved before the stock market crashCleveland schools CEO Eric Gordon and Cleveland mayor Frank Jackson stumping in 2012 for the passage of the first operating levy to be placed on the ballet in 16 yearsRaymond Q. ArmingtonCharles P. BoltonLeadership of a 1933 initiative to replace squalid tenements with subsidized garden apartmentsNancy Dwyer’s Who’s on First? benchGraduation day at Cleveland Early College High School, 2012Dispersed by police, the protesters did not succeed in halting construction, but Klunder’s martyrdom inspired the civil rights community to continue what was ultimately a victorious fight against segregation of the Cleveland public schools.Cleveland Housing Network was the lead developer of Greenbridge Commons, permanent housing for chronically homeless individuals, in the Fairfax neighborhood.Vietnamese lutist Pham Thi Hue was Young Audiences of Northeast Ohio’s artist in residence in 2013.Malvin E. BankKenneth W. Clement M.D.Great Lakes Science CenterArtist’s conception of the new Regional Transit Authority station planned for Mayfield Road in Little ItalyUpper Chester, which abuts the Cleveland Clinic, is the next Circle neighborhood slated for redevelopment.The Allen Theatre, originally an opulent silent movie house, c. 1938Cleveland’s well-financed and -run network of community development organizations targeted this crumbling but historic eight-unit rowhouse in the Central neighborhood for rehabilitation.Palace Theatre lobbyFamed urban planner Lawrence Halprin (right) presented his ideas for downtown Cleveland’s redevelopment at a public forum in 1975 attended by Cleveland mayor Ralph J. Perk (center) and May Company department store president Francis Coy (left).Contaminants flowing into Lake Erie, 1965Harold T. Clark1968: Karamu HouseAfter their father's untimely death, future political icons Carl (left) and Louis Stokes lived with their mother at Outhwaite Homes.Ellwood H. FisherThe RetreatTri-C groundbreaking, 1966Alfred M. Rankin Jr.Holsey Gates HandysideJames R. GarfieldAddressing the changing socioeconomic needs of the African-American community: 20th anniversary convening of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, hosted by Cleveland in 1929Harry Coulby FundsHarry Goldblatt, M.D.1985: Cleveland State University1999: Western Reserve Historical SocietyThe Palace, the flagship of the Keith chain of vaudeville theaters, reinvented itself as a wide-screen movie house in the 1950s.John L. McChordMAGNET incubator tenant Tom Lix, the founder and CEO of Cleveland Whiskey, which has developed a proprietary process for accelerating the aging of distilled liquors2001: Cleveland Botanical GardenMaster planner I. M. Pei (right), Cleveland’s urban renewal director James Lister (center) and chief architect Jack Hayes at the Erieview Tower construction site, 1954 1972: Huron Road MallDonald and Ruth GoodmanCarlton K. MatsonDancer/choreographer Kapila Palihawadana of Sri Lanka, 2012 artist in residence with the Inlet Dance Theatre, conducts a master dance class at the Beck Center for the Performing Arts.Evergreen Energy Solution’s photovoltaic panelsCleveland mayor Ralph S. LocherJames A. NortonAn assembly line at the Ford Motor Company plant in Brook Park, 1973: manufacturing jobs on the declineProjects receiving recent Neighborhood Connection grants have ranged from hands-on crafts classes to the reintroduction of beekeeping.  Stokes with his brother Louis (left)The West 25th Street retail district in Ohio City exemplifies the objective recently adopted by Neighborhood Progress, Inc. of restoring market forces in target neighborhoods.Barbecue restaurant owner Al (Bubba) Baker received a microloan that enabled the former Browns football player to begin local distribution of his proprietary de-boned baby-back ribs.First grants to advance serious medical research in an era still plagued with quackery: The Cunningham Sanitarium, located at East 185th Street and Lake Shore Boulevard, c. 1928. The sanitarium offered patients access to the world’s largest hyperbaric chamber, but its claims for the benefits of oxygen therapy proved specious.Ohio City2013: Friends of the Cleveland School of the ArtsJohn SherwinCommencement at Tri-C, 1975Frances Southworth, Goff’s bride and intellectual partnerThe Goff home on Lake Shore Boulevard in BratenahlAn owner-employee of the Evergreen LaundryHough’s frustrations with its seemingly intractable problems erupted into violence during the summer of 1966.The Great Lakes Science Center’s wind turbineMort Epstein’s Pop Art-inspired electrical outlet, a CAAC-commissioned mural, graced the Union building on Euclid Avenue.Halprin’s impressionist sketch of Cleveland’s “Flats,” which he praised as a “tremendous resource.”  
An examination room at the Glenville Health ClinicAlthough the foundation’s trailblazing was a faded tradition by 1955, when this picture of the trustee bank presidents holding a replica of the foundation’s logo was snapped, its stature as the world’s first community trust remained a source of pride.R. M. Fischer’s Sports StacksApollo’s FireL. Dale Dorney FundFrank H. and Nancy L. Porter Fund2002: Shaker Lakes Regional Nature CenterThe foundation’s vision of creating a wind farm in Lake Erie is moving closer to reality.Ohio governor John Kasich at the signing of House Bill 525, legislation enabling education reform, in June 2012Global Cleveland’s welcome centerSPACESFairfaxCleveland City Hospital’s “iron lung” respirator, used for treating polio patients whose paralyzed muscles cause breathing difficulties, 1933Planning model of Cleveland, c. 19601964: Garden Center of Greater Cleveland2006: MOCA ClevelandSt. Joseph's Orphanage for Girls on Woodland AvenueThe restored Hungarian Cultural GardenUnder the leadership of former CEO Baiju Shah, BioEnterprise created, recruited or helped to grow more than 170 local biotechnology companies.Cleveland Public ArtThe East Central Townhomes, after a $1.2 million renovation by Burten, Bell and Carr Development CorporationPresbyterian minister Bruce W. Klunder died while protesting the construction of three public elementary schools that Cleveland’s civil rights community believed would perpetuate a system of segregated and inferior education for African-American students.2004: The Gathering PlaceLexington VillageThe Cleveland Trust Company’s neoclassical banking hall, which opened in 1908, was topped by an immense stained-glass dome.Singing AngelsAlbert Sabin (left) developed the oral vaccine given to Cleveland children.Carl W. BrandChurch Square Commons, offering affordable apartments for adults 55 and older, is one of the Famicos Foundation’s most recent projects in Hough.2004: Cleveland Museum of ArtChester Avenue demarks the northern border of the MidTown Corridor.Glenville High School students, 1914Euclid Avenue, looking east, c. 1910Advocating greater reliance on clean energy: a wind farm in northwestern OhioGordon Park in its heydayA greasy-spoon diner and flophouse at Payne and Walnut Avenues downtown, c. 1968—emblems of the City of Cleveland’s intensifying financial distress 1986: Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and MuseumThe gallery's second home on Bellflower Road in University CircleLakeview Terrace1961: Benjamin Rose InstituteCharles A. RatnerThe passenger terminal at Cleveland-Hopkins Airport, c. 1956Captain Frank’s seafood restaurant at the end of the Ninth Street Pier once commanded downtown’s best view of Lake Erie.Andrew Carnegie, the “king of steel,” created a private foundation to carry out his philanthropic activities. Goff invented a simpler, more affordable mechanism to serve the charitable impulses of caring individuals of all means.Stokes and his wife, Shirley, on election day, 1968 The Cleveland Foundation emerged from the crucible of the 1960s a stronger leader and more strategic grantmaker.Cleveland OrchestraGeorge and Janet VoinovichCleveland Ballet1997: Cleveland Clinic Foundation2010: Hawken School2000: Therapeutic Riding CenterAnisfield-Wolf Book AwardsHomer C. WadsworthThe March on Washington, August 28, 1963, at which Martin Luther King Jr. called upon the nation to make good on democracy’s promise of social and economic freedom for all citizens 1984: Cleveland Department of Parks, Recreation and PropertiesGreat Lakes Theater FestivalCleveland Institute of MusicThe Ohio Department of Natural Resources invested more than $40 million in capital improvements to the band of green spaces renamed the Cleveland Lakefront State Park. Playhouse Square, c. 1969Ronald B. RichardLinking city kids to life-enriching programs: Duffy Liturgical Dance teaches children to perform and thus preserve songs and dances created by African slaves in America.Goff in a rare moment of leisureBy 1929, when Cleveland laid claim to having the tallest skyscraper in the country—the Terminal Tower, evocatively captured here by famed photographer Margaret Bourke-White—the community foundation movement had spread across America.The original Free Clinic, a drug treatment center on Cornell RoadThe cast of Nicholas Nickleby2006: Cleveland Clinic FoundationInauguration ceremony of the 1975 World Conference of the International Women’s Year, Mexico CityThe issues facing 21st-century Clevelanders—educational and economic opportunity, neighborhood and cultural vitality, and strong health and human services—are much the same as those with which earlier generations wrestled.1982: The TempleRobert E. Eckardt, Ph.D.First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt (third from left) at the 1937 dedication of Lakeview Terrace, the nation’s first public housingWelcome committees were organized to greet bused students on their first day at their new crosstown schools. The bulldozer operator accidentally backed over Rev. Klunder in order to avoid hurting the protestors lying in front of him.Katharine Holden Thayer by Cindy NaegeleManchester Bidwell, the Pittsburgh model on which NewBridge is based, has instilled a love of learning in teens who previously did not fare well in school.Dr. King speaking in Rockefeller Park on a visit to Cleveland in 1967. The previous year he had dramatized the issue of housing discrimination by moving his family into a grimy apartment on the segregated west side of Chicago and joining in protest marches into that city’s all-white neighborhoods.New Gallery co-founders Marjorie Talalay (left) and Nina Castelli SundellRalph J. Perk lends a hand to the theater restoration project, which began during his tenure as Cleveland mayor. Lake-Geauga FundCleveland Institute of ArtThe foundation’s 1915 public education survey resulted in sweeping reform. For decades thereafter, Cleveland’s school system was regarded as a model of excellence.1967: Blossom Music Center1973: Severance HallGroundWorks Dance TheaterGoff did not believe that philanthropy should be the exclusive province of wealthy individuals such as Standard Oil Company founder John D. Rockefeller, a client of Goff’s former law firm.Green City Growers Cooperative’s 3.25-acre hydroponic greenhouse in the Central neighborhood opened in 2013.  TremontSophisticated life support equipment in an air ambulance made by Nextant Aerospace, Ohio’s only aircraft manufacturer and a MAGNET clientCleveland voters expressed their hopes for the success of the reform plan by approving the Issue 107 operating levy.Tri-C JazzFest, 1993J. Kimball JohnsonTom L. Johnson, a reformer who served as Cleveland’s mayor from 1901 to 1909, helped to shape the city’s progressive climate. A burning desire to be an attorney animated Goff as a young man.  Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and MuseumClean water advocates, 1968Fred S. McConnell27 Coltman, a luxury townhome development on the eastern boundary of University CircleLAND Studio’s proposed redesign of Public SquareIn 1967, this Cleveland Heights home, owned by an African American, was bombed in a senseless and vain attempt to halt the suburb’s integration.Sherwick Fund2005: ideastreamMichael D. White won voter support for “mayoral control” of the Cleveland public schools.Business growth: The Greater Cleveland Partnership’s business development teamStanley C. PaceReinhold W. Erickson, D.D.S.Leyton E. Carter1982: Cleveland Institute of ArtUptown, the Circle’s exciting, new high-density neighborhood, has all the amenities associated with urban living.Innovation: CleveMed’s wireless sleep monitorEntrepreneurship: Wood Trac, an affordable, drop-ceiling system developed and marketed by Sauder Woodworking, a family-owned business in Ashland, OhioA new generation of Circle fansCatharine Monroe LewisBarbara Haas RawsonJames A. Ratner1968: Holden ArboretumThe formal entrance to the Judson Park retirement community, an independent living facility erected in 1974 next to the traditional nursing home established by the Baptist Home of Ohio in the former Bicknell mansion on Cleveland’s east sideThe 2011 renovation of the Allen Theatre's main auditoriumGrand opening of the Outhwaite Homes, 1937The reversal of downtown Cleveland’s stagnation, symbolized by the redevelopment of the Terminal Tower, is a 60-year-old work in progress in which the foundation has been steadily engaged.Foundation leaders confer about how to distribute 1947 income of $614,479 to a standing list of charitable institutions and agencies. Foundation director Leyton E. Carter (third from right) is seated next to the board’s sole female member, Constance Mather Bishop. Adam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies, Oberlin College1996: Old Stone ChurchA “City Canvases” mural by graphic designer John MorellThe Board of Education building in downtown Cleveland, longtime headquarters of the system’s central administrationThe State TheatreTreu-Mart FundPrivately developed Beacon Place Townhomes on East 82nd Street—evidence of the return of middle-class Clevelanders to the central cityThe foundation helped to draft and win passage of a clean energy law for Ohio.Cool Cleveland editor and publisher Tom Mulready2009: Cleveland Institute of ArtThe Cleveland Foodbank’s LEED-certified distribution centerSlavic VillageA landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision righted the injustice experienced by Clarence Earl Gideon, a drifter who was convicted of felony theft because he could not afford an attorney and had defended himself at trial.Kucinich proclaiming victory on the eve of his election as mayor in 1977To date, 100 percent of the student body at the School of Science and Medicine goes on to college.NewBridge prepares adults for careers as health care technicians.Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey showed his support for Stokes’s Cleveland: NOW! initiative on a visit to the city in 1968.Protest demonstration at Cleveland State University, 1969: poverty rates in the central city on the riseA. E. Convers FundCleveland, Ohio, the birthplace of an entirely new concept of philanthropyFrances Southworth GoffKaramu HouseInstitute of Pathology at Western Reserve University, as it appeared at its opening in 1929Kent H. SmithProgressive Field at GatewayNeighbors who have come together to work on improvement of their neighborhoodMOCA Cleveland’s faceted, mirrored, four-story art gallery anchors the Uptown development.1976: Cleveland Play HouseA new company that makes and installs solar-panel arrays has been created with foundation support.1986: Cain ParkFrederick Harris Goff, humanitarian, 1858‒1923Raymond C. MoleyDetroit ShorewaySustaining the excellence of the region’s cultural assets: a summer solstice party at the Cleveland Museum of ArtCommunityFoundationAtlas.org websiteBarack Obama campaigns at Tri-C, 2007Goff wisely decided that an independent citizen’s committee should determine how a community foundation’s income should be distributed, rather than the directors of the foundation’s trustee bank. Green City Growers supplies Bibb lettuce, green leaf lettuce, gourmet lettuces and basil to institutional and commercial customers.MAGNET consultants helped Nextant Aerospace of Richmond Heights, Ohio, apply lean principles to its specialty business of remanufacturing corporate jets for an under-$5 million market. MAGNET incubator graduate, DXY Solutions, makes components and software for mobile devices.Jacqueline F. WoodsDavid GoldbergThe multitude of organizational nameplates on the door to the Cleveland Foundation’s offices in the 1970s testified to its rebirth as a nexus of progressive philanthropy and an incubator of social-action programs.  A satellite photograph of Lake Erie, downtown Cleveland and the Cuyahoga River valley: The foundation has learned to take the long view in helping the community craft fresh responses to persistent urban problems.Steven A. Minter1957: Cleveland Museum of Natural HistoryJohn J. DwyerThe Dolan Center for Science and Technology at John Carroll University incorporated green building materials and smart energy and water systems.2007: Great Lakes Theater FestivalCleveland Ballet co-founder Dennis Nahat as the tsar and Nanette Glushak as the tsarina in the company’s signature holiday performance of The Nutcracker1996: Dunham Tavern MuseumParticipants in Parade the Circle, an annual celebration of creativity Ivan Lecaros (right), a master printmaker from Chile, puts the final touches on a drawing for a silkscreen print during his 2012 residency at Zygote Press.James D. WilliamsonAn east-side Cleveland elementary school, 1963: growing frustration with what appears to be systematic segregationEdgewater Park under state stewardshipThe Peter B. Lewis Building, designed by Frank Gehry, is the home of Case Western Reserve University’s Weatherhead School of Management.Cleveland Museum of ArtBelle Sherwin2010: Case Western Reserve UniversityOn his way to building Cleveland Trust into America’s sixth largest bank, Goff occasionally took time out to indulge his passion for fishing.Cleveland Film SocietyMembers of the African-American Philanthropy Committee: Reverend Elmo A. Bean, Doris A. Evans, M.D., David G. Hill, Lillian W. BurkeSold out! Heritage Lane townhomes, built within walking distance of the CircleWade Oval Wednesdays, summertime’s popular outdoor music seriesCleveland Housing Network financing programs have helped low- to moderate-income families become homeowners.John Sherwin Jr.Cleveland OrchestraThe Cleveland Housing Network assisted the Mt. Pleasant Now nonprofit development corporation with the construction of the Union Court senior apartments.The grand opening of The Avenue at Tower City, 1990Proposed townhomes for East 118th StreetMOCA ClevelandAretha Franklin at the Tri-C JazzFestArchitectural drawing of the Cleveland Metropolitan Housing Authority's Lakeview Tower, a senior high-rise proposed for the near west side in 1971Wade Lagoon, the tranquil heart of Cleveland’s cultural hub Fostering economic opportunity via college scholarships: Garment workers at Joseph & Feiss Company, makers of the $15 blue serge suitCommunityFoundationAtlas.org websiteUniversity Circle’s cultural institutions have long been renowned for their enriching educational activities.F. James and Rita Rechin FundTri-C’s early use of computers as a teaching aid, c. 1980Cleveland’s busy riverfront, south of the Superior Viaduct1976: Sokol HallH. Stuart Harrison2000: Cleveland Zoological Society1975: Kenneth C. Beck Center for the Cultural Arts1998: Cuyahoga Valley Scenic RailroadCircle institutions have invested or are planning to invest billions in capital improvements, such as University Hospitals of Cleveland’s new Seidman Cancer Center.On December 15, 1978, Cleveland City Council considered and rejected Mayor Kucinich’s 11th-hour plan to avoid default.2003: Hanna Perkins Center for Child DevelopmentThe Frederick C. Crawford Auto Aviation Collection at the Western Reserve Historical SocietyMalcolm L. McBrideCarl B. Stokes at a town hall meeting, 1969: an historic but troubled mayoral administration 2002: Cleveland Institute of MusicCleveland Play HouseMAGNET’s Prism program helped Cleveland-based Vitamix keep up with demand for its high-end blenders.Halprin worksheetFlotsam despoiling the beach at Gordon Park