100 Years in Pictures

Sold out! Heritage Lane townhomes, built within walking distance of the CircleCleveland Film Society1985: Cleveland State UniversityHolsey Gates HandysideGoff wisely decided that an independent citizen’s committee should determine how a community foundation’s income should be distributed, rather than the directors of the foundation’s trustee bank. 1982: The TempleOhio CitySlavic VillageThe Peter B. Lewis Building, designed by Frank Gehry, is the home of Case Western Reserve University’s Weatherhead School of Management.Fred S. McConnellThe foundation’s 1915 public education survey resulted in sweeping reform. For decades thereafter, Cleveland’s school system was regarded as a model of excellence.Jacqueline F. WoodsFrances Southworth GoffThe Palace, the flagship of the Keith chain of vaudeville theaters, reinvented itself as a wide-screen movie house in the 1950s.The East Central Townhomes, after a $1.2 million renovation by Burten, Bell and Carr Development CorporationHarold T. ClarkEntrepreneurship: Wood Trac, an affordable, drop-ceiling system developed and marketed by Sauder Woodworking, a family-owned business in Ashland, OhioThe multitude of organizational nameplates on the door to the Cleveland Foundation’s offices in the 1970s testified to its rebirth as a nexus of progressive philanthropy and an incubator of social-action programs.  Stokes with his brother Louis (left)Playhouse Square, c. 1969Addressing the changing socioeconomic needs of the African-American community: 20th anniversary convening of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, hosted by Cleveland in 1929The 2011 renovation of the Allen Theatre's main auditoriumBarack Obama campaigns at Tri-C, 20071976: Cleveland Play HouseDancing WheelsFlotsam despoiling the beach at Gordon ParkBy 1929, when Cleveland laid claim to having the tallest skyscraper in the country—the Terminal Tower, evocatively captured here by famed photographer Margaret Bourke-White—the community foundation movement had spread across America.Green City Growers Cooperative’s 3.25-acre hydroponic greenhouse in the Central neighborhood opened in 2013.  Although the foundation’s trailblazing was a faded tradition by 1955, when this picture of the trustee bank presidents holding a replica of the foundation’s logo was snapped, its stature as the world’s first community trust remained a source of pride.The Allen Theatre, originally an opulent silent movie house, c. 1938Apollo’s FireJohn L. McChordJohn J. DwyerLeyton E. CarterH. Stuart HarrisonHarry Goldblatt, M.D.Upper Chester, which abuts the Cleveland Clinic, is the next Circle neighborhood slated for redevelopment.Support for humanitarian aid to the unemployed: Stone carvers responsible for the iconic pylons of the Lorain-Carnegie Bridge, a rare Depression-era construction project completed in 1932 with bond funds approved before the stock market crashRock and Roll Hall of Fame and MuseumGlobal Cleveland’s welcome centerCharles A. RatnerMalcolm L. McBrideAndrew Carnegie, the “king of steel,” created a private foundation to carry out his philanthropic activities. Goff invented a simpler, more affordable mechanism to serve the charitable impulses of caring individuals of all means.Fostering economic opportunity via college scholarships: Garment workers at Joseph & Feiss Company, makers of the $15 blue serge suit2007: Great Lakes Theater FestivalMalvin E. Bank1964: Garden Center of Greater ClevelandNew Gallery co-founders Marjorie Talalay (left) and Nina Castelli SundellIn 1967, this Cleveland Heights home, owned by an African American, was bombed in a senseless and vain attempt to halt the suburb’s integration.2004: Cleveland Museum of ArtGroundWorks Dance TheaterHough’s frustrations with its seemingly intractable problems erupted into violence during the summer of 1966.Green City Growers supplies Bibb lettuce, green leaf lettuce, gourmet lettuces and basil to institutional and commercial customers.MOCA Cleveland’s faceted, mirrored, four-story art gallery anchors the Uptown development.F. James and Rita Rechin FundBarbara Haas RawsonCleveland OrchestraThe cast of Nicholas NicklebyJames D. Williamson2006: Cleveland Clinic FoundationTo date, 100 percent of the student body at the School of Science and Medicine goes on to college.Kent H. SmithJames A. RatnerOn December 15, 1978, Cleveland City Council considered and rejected Mayor Kucinich’s 11th-hour plan to avoid default.The Goff home on Lake Shore Boulevard in BratenahlTremontHomer C. WadsworthLAND Studio’s proposed redesign of Public SquareDancer/choreographer Kapila Palihawadana of Sri Lanka, 2012 artist in residence with the Inlet Dance Theatre, conducts a master dance class at the Beck Center for the Performing Arts.Dispersed by police, the protesters did not succeed in halting construction, but Klunder’s martyrdom inspired the civil rights community to continue what was ultimately a victorious fight against segregation of the Cleveland public schools.Stanley C. PaceInstitute of Pathology at Western Reserve University, as it appeared at its opening in 19291956: Cleveland Institute of ArtThe restored Hungarian Cultural Garden1957: Cleveland Museum of Natural History1967: Blossom Music CenterAfter their father's untimely death, future political icons Carl (left) and Louis Stokes lived with their mother at Outhwaite Homes.Palace Theatre lobbyFamed urban planner Lawrence Halprin (right) presented his ideas for downtown Cleveland’s redevelopment at a public forum in 1975 attended by Cleveland mayor Ralph J. Perk (center) and May Company department store president Francis Coy (left).The West 25th Street retail district in Ohio City exemplifies the objective recently adopted by Neighborhood Progress, Inc. of restoring market forces in target neighborhoods.Cleveland Ballet co-founder Dennis Nahat as the tsar and Nanette Glushak as the tsarina in the company’s signature holiday performance of The Nutcracker1998: Cuyahoga Valley Scenic Railroad1973: Severance HallCleveland City Hospital’s “iron lung” respirator, used for treating polio patients whose paralyzed muscles cause breathing difficulties, 1933NewBridge prepares adults for careers as health care technicians.Chester Avenue demarks the northern border of the MidTown Corridor.MAGNET’s Prism program helped Cleveland-based Vitamix keep up with demand for its high-end blenders.Tri-C groundbreaking, 1966Protest demonstration at Cleveland State University, 1969: poverty rates in the central city on the riseThe issues facing 21st-century Clevelanders—educational and economic opportunity, neighborhood and cultural vitality, and strong health and human services—are much the same as those with which earlier generations wrestled.Frederick Harris Goff, humanitarian, 1858‒1923Leadership of a 1933 initiative to replace squalid tenements with subsidized garden apartmentsFrank H. and Nancy L. Porter FundThe RetreatWade Oval Wednesdays, summertime’s popular outdoor music seriesArtist’s conception of the new Regional Transit Authority station planned for Mayfield Road in Little ItalyThe Cleveland Foundation emerged from the crucible of the 1960s a stronger leader and more strategic grantmaker.The formal entrance to the Judson Park retirement community, an independent living facility erected in 1974 next to the traditional nursing home established by the Baptist Home of Ohio in the former Bicknell mansion on Cleveland’s east sideAlbert Sabin (left) developed the oral vaccine given to Cleveland children.MOCA ClevelandDavid GoldbergCool Cleveland editor and publisher Tom MulreadyDetroit ShorewayAn assembly line at the Ford Motor Company plant in Brook Park, 1973: manufacturing jobs on the declineThe foundation helped to draft and win passage of a clean energy law for Ohio.Halprin worksheetHarry Coulby FundsThe passenger terminal at Cleveland-Hopkins Airport, c. 1956MAGNET incubator graduate, DXY Solutions, makes components and software for mobile devices.A. E. Convers FundAn east-side Cleveland elementary school, 1963: growing frustration with what appears to be systematic segregationCleveland Museum of ArtGlenville High School students, 1914Vietnamese lutist Pham Thi Hue was Young Audiences of Northeast Ohio’s artist in residence in 2013.CommunityFoundationAtlas.org websiteCleveland Institute of ArtCircle institutions have invested or are planning to invest billions in capital improvements, such as University Hospitals of Cleveland’s new Seidman Cancer Center.Sophisticated life support equipment in an air ambulance made by Nextant Aerospace, Ohio’s only aircraft manufacturer and a MAGNET clientIvan Lecaros (right), a master printmaker from Chile, puts the final touches on a drawing for a silkscreen print during his 2012 residency at Zygote Press.Cleveland Housing Network was the lead developer of Greenbridge Commons, permanent housing for chronically homeless individuals, in the Fairfax neighborhood.MAGNET consultants helped Nextant Aerospace of Richmond Heights, Ohio, apply lean principles to its specialty business of remanufacturing corporate jets for an under-$5 million market. A new generation of Circle fansHunter Morrison1996: Old Stone ChurchStokes and his wife, Shirley, on election day, 1968 Raymond Q. Armington2009: Cleveland Institute of Art1982: Cleveland Institute of ArtCommencement at Tri-C, 1975The gallery's second home on Bellflower Road in University CircleEdgewater Park under state stewardshipFirst grants to advance serious medical research in an era still plagued with quackery: The Cunningham Sanitarium, located at East 185th Street and Lake Shore Boulevard, c. 1928. The sanitarium offered patients access to the world’s largest hyperbaric chamber, but its claims for the benefits of oxygen therapy proved specious.Kenneth W. Clement M.D.Architectural drawing of the Cleveland Metropolitan Housing Authority's Lakeview Tower, a senior high-rise proposed for the near west side in 1971Lakeview TerraceDonald and Ruth Goodman1968: Holden ArboretumCleveland’s well-financed and -run network of community development organizations targeted this crumbling but historic eight-unit rowhouse in the Central neighborhood for rehabilitation.The State TheatreBelle Sherwin2000: Therapeutic Riding CenterPresbyterian minister Bruce W. Klunder died while protesting the construction of three public elementary schools that Cleveland’s civil rights community believed would perpetuate a system of segregated and inferior education for African-American students.The Frederick C. Crawford Auto Aviation Collection at the Western Reserve Historical Society1959: Cleveland Institute of MusicCommunityFoundationAtlas.org websiteWade Lagoon, the tranquil heart of Cleveland’s cultural hub Cleveland voters expressed their hopes for the success of the reform plan by approving the Issue 107 operating levy.2005: ideastreamMayor Dennis Kucinich’s ceremonial presentation of a post-default debt paymentThe Ohio Department of Natural Resources invested more than $40 million in capital improvements to the band of green spaces renamed the Cleveland Lakefront State Park. Ellwood H. FisherMichael D. White won voter support for “mayoral control” of the Cleveland public schools.Cleveland Institute of MusicAn owner-employee of the Evergreen Laundry1981: Convention and Visitors Bureau of Greater ClevelandAlfred M. Rankin Jr.The foundation’s vision of creating a wind farm in Lake Erie is moving closer to reality.George and Janet VoinovichRaymond C. MoleyJames R. GarfieldCleveland Public ArtGreat Lakes Theater FestivalUptown, the Circle’s exciting, new high-density neighborhood, has all the amenities associated with urban living.University Circle’s cultural institutions have long been renowned for their enriching educational activities.R. M. Fischer’s Sports StacksProjects receiving recent Neighborhood Connection grants have ranged from hands-on crafts classes to the reintroduction of beekeeping.  2006: MOCA Cleveland1961: Benjamin Rose InstituteFrances Southworth, Goff’s bride and intellectual partnerCleveland mayor Ralph S. LocherFairfaxCatharine Monroe LewisTri-C’s early use of computers as a teaching aid, c. 1980Welcome committees were organized to greet bused students on their first day at their new crosstown schools. 1975: Kenneth C. Beck Center for the Cultural ArtsClean water advocates, 1968Cleveland, Ohio, the birthplace of an entirely new concept of philanthropyNancy Dwyer’s Who’s on First? benchMaster planner I. M. Pei (right), Cleveland’s urban renewal director James Lister (center) and chief architect Jack Hayes at the Erieview Tower construction site, 1954 1986: Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and MuseumGrand opening of the Outhwaite Homes, 1937Cleveland’s busy riverfront, south of the Superior ViaductSinging AngelsThe reversal of downtown Cleveland’s stagnation, symbolized by the redevelopment of the Terminal Tower, is a 60-year-old work in progress in which the foundation has been steadily engaged.Proposed townhomes for East 118th StreetEuclid Avenue, looking east, c. 1910Ohio governor John Kasich at the signing of House Bill 525, legislation enabling education reform, in June 20121997: Cleveland Clinic FoundationUnder the leadership of former CEO Baiju Shah, BioEnterprise created, recruited or helped to grow more than 170 local biotechnology companies.Captain Frank’s seafood restaurant at the end of the Ninth Street Pier once commanded downtown’s best view of Lake Erie.John Sherwin Jr.Cleveland OrchestraSustaining the excellence of the region’s cultural assets: a summer solstice party at the Cleveland Museum of ArtSt. Joseph's Orphanage for Girls on Woodland AvenueThe NAACP-Cleveland’s fight for desegregation ultimately leads in 1973 to a federal lawsuit against the Cleveland public schools: the likelihood of court-ordering busing 1986: Cain ParkA new company that makes and installs solar-panel arrays has been created with foundation support.Cleveland Play HouseManchester Bidwell, the Pittsburgh model on which NewBridge is based, has instilled a love of learning in teens who previously did not fare well in school.Advocating greater reliance on clean energy: a wind farm in northwestern OhioKucinich proclaiming victory on the eve of his election as mayor in 1977Innovation: CleveMed’s wireless sleep monitorThe Cleveland Trust Company’s neoclassical banking hall, which opened in 1908, was topped by an immense stained-glass dome.Progressive Field at Gateway1972: Huron Road MallA landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision righted the injustice experienced by Clarence Earl Gideon, a drifter who was convicted of felony theft because he could not afford an attorney and had defended himself at trial.J. Kimball Johnson2010: Hawken School2002: Cleveland Institute of MusicPlanning model of Cleveland, c. 1960On his way to building Cleveland Trust into America’s sixth largest bank, Goff occasionally took time out to indulge his passion for fishing.Gordon Park in its heydaySteven A. MinterPrivately developed Beacon Place Townhomes on East 82nd Street—evidence of the return of middle-class Clevelanders to the central cityCarlton K. MatsonCleveland schools CEO Eric Gordon and Cleveland mayor Frank Jackson stumping in 2012 for the passage of the first operating levy to be placed on the ballet in 16 yearsThe Great Lakes Science Center’s wind turbineSherwick Fund1984: Cleveland Department of Parks, Recreation and PropertiesGoff in a rare moment of leisureFoundation leaders confer about how to distribute 1947 income of $614,479 to a standing list of charitable institutions and agencies. Foundation director Leyton E. Carter (third from right) is seated next to the board’s sole female member, Constance Mather Bishop. Reinhold W. Erickson, D.D.S.Church Square Commons, offering affordable apartments for adults 55 and older, is one of the Famicos Foundation’s most recent projects in Hough.1999: Western Reserve Historical SocietyHalprin’s impressionist sketch of Cleveland’s “Flats,” which he praised as a “tremendous resource.”  
Members of the African-American Philanthropy Committee: Reverend Elmo A. Bean, Doris A. Evans, M.D., David G. Hill, Lillian W. BurkeMort Epstein’s Pop Art-inspired electrical outlet, a CAAC-commissioned mural, graced the Union building on Euclid Avenue.Ralph J. Perk lends a hand to the theater restoration project, which began during his tenure as Cleveland mayor. Tri-C JazzFest, 1993The bulldozer operator accidentally backed over Rev. Klunder in order to avoid hurting the protestors lying in front of him.The Cleveland Housing Network assisted the Mt. Pleasant Now nonprofit development corporation with the construction of the Union Court senior apartments.Adam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies, Oberlin College2001: Cleveland Botanical GardenGreat Lakes Science CenterRichard W. PogueBusiness attraction: The Global Center for Health InnovationA satellite photograph of Lake Erie, downtown Cleveland and the Cuyahoga River valley: The foundation has learned to take the long view in helping the community craft fresh responses to persistent urban problems.Evergreen Energy Solution’s photovoltaic panelsA greasy-spoon diner and flophouse at Payne and Walnut Avenues downtown, c. 1968—emblems of the City of Cleveland’s intensifying financial distress Robert E. Eckardt, Ph.D.Contaminants flowing into Lake Erie, 1965John SherwinLake-Geauga FundVice President Hubert H. Humphrey showed his support for Stokes’s Cleveland: NOW! initiative on a visit to the city in 1968.The original Free Clinic, a drug treatment center on Cornell Road2013: Friends of the Cleveland School of the ArtsKaramu House1994: Great Lakes Science MuseumThe Dolan Center for Science and Technology at John Carroll University incorporated green building materials and smart energy and water systems.Graduation day at Cleveland Early College High School, 20122010: Case Western Reserve UniversityParticipants in Parade the Circle, an annual celebration of creativity A burning desire to be an attorney animated Goff as a young man.  L. Dale Dorney FundRonald B. RichardLexington VillageLinking city kids to life-enriching programs: Duffy Liturgical Dance teaches children to perform and thus preserve songs and dances created by African slaves in America.Katharine Holden Thayer by Cindy NaegeleDr. King speaking in Rockefeller Park on a visit to Cleveland in 1967. The previous year he had dramatized the issue of housing discrimination by moving his family into a grimy apartment on the segregated west side of Chicago and joining in protest marches into that city’s all-white neighborhoods.Carl W. BrandJames A. NortonA “City Canvases” mural by graphic designer John MorellThe Cleveland Foodbank’s LEED-certified distribution centerTom L. Johnson, a reformer who served as Cleveland’s mayor from 1901 to 1909, helped to shape the city’s progressive climate. 2000: Cleveland Zoological Society27 Coltman, a luxury townhome development on the eastern boundary of University CircleCleveland Housing Network financing programs have helped low- to moderate-income families become homeowners.MAGNET incubator tenant Tom Lix, the founder and CEO of Cleveland Whiskey, which has developed a proprietary process for accelerating the aging of distilled liquorsCleveland BalletBusiness growth: The Greater Cleveland Partnership’s business development teamTreu-Mart Fund2003: Hanna Perkins Center for Child DevelopmentNeighbors who have come together to work on improvement of their neighborhoodAn examination room at the Glenville Health ClinicAretha Franklin at the Tri-C JazzFestSPACESInauguration ceremony of the 1975 World Conference of the International Women’s Year, Mexico City2002: Shaker Lakes Regional Nature CenterFirst Lady Eleanor Roosevelt (third from left) at the 1937 dedication of Lakeview Terrace, the nation’s first public housingAnisfield-Wolf Book Awards1991: Hathaway Brown SchoolBarbecue restaurant owner Al (Bubba) Baker received a microloan that enabled the former Browns football player to begin local distribution of his proprietary de-boned baby-back ribs.Goff did not believe that philanthropy should be the exclusive province of wealthy individuals such as Standard Oil Company founder John D. Rockefeller, a client of Goff’s former law firm.Title VIII (the “Federal Fair Housing Act”) of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, signed by President Johnson a week after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., advanced the struggle for integration taking place in Cleveland’s eastern suburbs and elsewhere across the nation.Carl B. Stokes at a town hall meeting, 1969: an historic but troubled mayoral administration The March on Washington, August 28, 1963, at which Martin Luther King Jr. called upon the nation to make good on democracy’s promise of social and economic freedom for all citizens The grand opening of The Avenue at Tower City, 19901996: Dunham Tavern Museum2004: The Gathering Place1976: Sokol Hall1968: Karamu HouseCharles P. BoltonThe Board of Education building in downtown Cleveland, longtime headquarters of the system’s central administration