100 Years in Pictures

Glenville High School students, 1914Jacqueline F. WoodsFirst Lady Eleanor Roosevelt (third from left) at the 1937 dedication of Lakeview Terrace, the nation’s first public housingDr. King speaking in Rockefeller Park on a visit to Cleveland in 1967. The previous year he had dramatized the issue of housing discrimination by moving his family into a grimy apartment on the segregated west side of Chicago and joining in protest marches into that city’s all-white neighborhoods.Reinhold W. Erickson, D.D.S.Artist’s conception of the new Regional Transit Authority station planned for Mayfield Road in Little ItalyCaptain Frank’s seafood restaurant at the end of the Ninth Street Pier once commanded downtown’s best view of Lake Erie.A. E. Convers FundCleveland Museum of ArtThe formal entrance to the Judson Park retirement community, an independent living facility erected in 1974 next to the traditional nursing home established by the Baptist Home of Ohio in the former Bicknell mansion on Cleveland’s east side1986: Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and MuseumKent H. SmithMaster planner I. M. Pei (right), Cleveland’s urban renewal director James Lister (center) and chief architect Jack Hayes at the Erieview Tower construction site, 1954 H. Stuart HarrisonGreen City Growers supplies Bibb lettuce, green leaf lettuce, gourmet lettuces and basil to institutional and commercial customers.James A. NortonMalcolm L. McBrideFrank H. and Nancy L. Porter FundCleveland Film SocietyOn his way to building Cleveland Trust into America’s sixth largest bank, Goff occasionally took time out to indulge his passion for fishing.1975: Kenneth C. Beck Center for the Cultural ArtsSPACESLeadership of a 1933 initiative to replace squalid tenements with subsidized garden apartmentsGoff did not believe that philanthropy should be the exclusive province of wealthy individuals such as Standard Oil Company founder John D. Rockefeller, a client of Goff’s former law firm.Carlton K. MatsonBy 1929, when Cleveland laid claim to having the tallest skyscraper in the country—the Terminal Tower, evocatively captured here by famed photographer Margaret Bourke-White—the community foundation movement had spread across America.Tri-C’s early use of computers as a teaching aid, c. 1980Commencement at Tri-C, 1975The passenger terminal at Cleveland-Hopkins Airport, c. 19561996: Dunham Tavern MuseumOhio governor John Kasich at the signing of House Bill 525, legislation enabling education reform, in June 2012Entrepreneurship: Wood Trac, an affordable, drop-ceiling system developed and marketed by Sauder Woodworking, a family-owned business in Ashland, Ohio1984: Cleveland Department of Parks, Recreation and PropertiesGoff wisely decided that an independent citizen’s committee should determine how a community foundation’s income should be distributed, rather than the directors of the foundation’s trustee bank. A landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision righted the injustice experienced by Clarence Earl Gideon, a drifter who was convicted of felony theft because he could not afford an attorney and had defended himself at trial.Foundation leaders confer about how to distribute 1947 income of $614,479 to a standing list of charitable institutions and agencies. Foundation director Leyton E. Carter (third from right) is seated next to the board’s sole female member, Constance Mather Bishop. MAGNET consultants helped Nextant Aerospace of Richmond Heights, Ohio, apply lean principles to its specialty business of remanufacturing corporate jets for an under-$5 million market. John Sherwin Jr.Cleveland’s busy riverfront, south of the Superior ViaductUnder the leadership of former CEO Baiju Shah, BioEnterprise created, recruited or helped to grow more than 170 local biotechnology companies.MAGNET’s Prism program helped Cleveland-based Vitamix keep up with demand for its high-end blenders.Halprin worksheet1961: Benjamin Rose Institute27 Coltman, a luxury townhome development on the eastern boundary of University CirclePalace Theatre lobby2006: MOCA ClevelandHough’s frustrations with its seemingly intractable problems erupted into violence during the summer of 1966.The gallery's second home on Bellflower Road in University Circle2013: Friends of the Cleveland School of the ArtsThe West 25th Street retail district in Ohio City exemplifies the objective recently adopted by Neighborhood Progress, Inc. of restoring market forces in target neighborhoods.Dispersed by police, the protesters did not succeed in halting construction, but Klunder’s martyrdom inspired the civil rights community to continue what was ultimately a victorious fight against segregation of the Cleveland public schools.Cleveland Institute of MusicCleveland mayor Ralph S. LocherCleveland Ballet2010: Hawken SchoolAn assembly line at the Ford Motor Company plant in Brook Park, 1973: manufacturing jobs on the decline1999: Western Reserve Historical Society1996: Old Stone ChurchRock and Roll Hall of Fame and MuseumHalprin’s impressionist sketch of Cleveland’s “Flats,” which he praised as a “tremendous resource.”  
Cleveland OrchestraA burning desire to be an attorney animated Goff as a young man.  The multitude of organizational nameplates on the door to the Cleveland Foundation’s offices in the 1970s testified to its rebirth as a nexus of progressive philanthropy and an incubator of social-action programs.  2004: The Gathering PlaceGoff in a rare moment of leisureMOCA Cleveland1982: The TempleCleveland Ballet co-founder Dennis Nahat as the tsar and Nanette Glushak as the tsarina in the company’s signature holiday performance of The NutcrackerTri-C JazzFest, 19931973: Severance Hall1994: Great Lakes Science MuseumThe Board of Education building in downtown Cleveland, longtime headquarters of the system’s central administrationSteven A. MinterGraduation day at Cleveland Early College High School, 2012Cool Cleveland editor and publisher Tom MulreadyBarbara Haas RawsonUptown, the Circle’s exciting, new high-density neighborhood, has all the amenities associated with urban living.George and Janet VoinovichTitle VIII (the “Federal Fair Housing Act”) of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, signed by President Johnson a week after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., advanced the struggle for integration taking place in Cleveland’s eastern suburbs and elsewhere across the nation.Support for humanitarian aid to the unemployed: Stone carvers responsible for the iconic pylons of the Lorain-Carnegie Bridge, a rare Depression-era construction project completed in 1932 with bond funds approved before the stock market crash1968: Karamu HouseJohn J. DwyerInstitute of Pathology at Western Reserve University, as it appeared at its opening in 1929Robert E. Eckardt, Ph.D.MOCA Cleveland’s faceted, mirrored, four-story art gallery anchors the Uptown development.Carl W. BrandIn 1967, this Cleveland Heights home, owned by an African American, was bombed in a senseless and vain attempt to halt the suburb’s integration.Cleveland Housing Network financing programs have helped low- to moderate-income families become homeowners.James D. WilliamsonJohn SherwinCommunityFoundationAtlas.org websiteDetroit ShorewayDancer/choreographer Kapila Palihawadana of Sri Lanka, 2012 artist in residence with the Inlet Dance Theatre, conducts a master dance class at the Beck Center for the Performing Arts.Tom L. Johnson, a reformer who served as Cleveland’s mayor from 1901 to 1909, helped to shape the city’s progressive climate. Harold T. ClarkRalph J. Perk lends a hand to the theater restoration project, which began during his tenure as Cleveland mayor. Vietnamese lutist Pham Thi Hue was Young Audiences of Northeast Ohio’s artist in residence in 2013.Karamu HouseR. M. Fischer’s Sports StacksStanley C. PaceWade Oval Wednesdays, summertime’s popular outdoor music series1991: Hathaway Brown SchoolJ. Kimball JohnsonDavid GoldbergCleveland OrchestraKucinich proclaiming victory on the eve of his election as mayor in 1977F. James and Rita Rechin Fund2001: Cleveland Botanical GardenThe Goff home on Lake Shore Boulevard in BratenahlThe RetreatUniversity Circle’s cultural institutions have long been renowned for their enriching educational activities.Anisfield-Wolf Book AwardsAn examination room at the Glenville Health ClinicCleveland voters expressed their hopes for the success of the reform plan by approving the Issue 107 operating levy.Frances Southworth GoffGroundWorks Dance TheaterL. Dale Dorney FundUpper Chester, which abuts the Cleveland Clinic, is the next Circle neighborhood slated for redevelopment.Circle institutions have invested or are planning to invest billions in capital improvements, such as University Hospitals of Cleveland’s new Seidman Cancer Center.Sustaining the excellence of the region’s cultural assets: a summer solstice party at the Cleveland Museum of ArtTri-C groundbreaking, 1966Ellwood H. Fisher2000: Therapeutic Riding Center1976: Sokol HallThe Cleveland Foundation emerged from the crucible of the 1960s a stronger leader and more strategic grantmaker.The cast of Nicholas NicklebyThe Peter B. Lewis Building, designed by Frank Gehry, is the home of Case Western Reserve University’s Weatherhead School of Management.2004: Cleveland Museum of ArtJames R. GarfieldGlobal Cleveland’s welcome centerCleveland Play HouseAdvocating greater reliance on clean energy: a wind farm in northwestern OhioAlthough the foundation’s trailblazing was a faded tradition by 1955, when this picture of the trustee bank presidents holding a replica of the foundation’s logo was snapped, its stature as the world’s first community trust remained a source of pride.Stokes and his wife, Shirley, on election day, 1968 Albert Sabin (left) developed the oral vaccine given to Cleveland children.Protest demonstration at Cleveland State University, 1969: poverty rates in the central city on the riseFirst grants to advance serious medical research in an era still plagued with quackery: The Cunningham Sanitarium, located at East 185th Street and Lake Shore Boulevard, c. 1928. The sanitarium offered patients access to the world’s largest hyperbaric chamber, but its claims for the benefits of oxygen therapy proved specious.2003: Hanna Perkins Center for Child DevelopmentCleveland Housing Network was the lead developer of Greenbridge Commons, permanent housing for chronically homeless individuals, in the Fairfax neighborhood.Sophisticated life support equipment in an air ambulance made by Nextant Aerospace, Ohio’s only aircraft manufacturer and a MAGNET clientCleveland City Hospital’s “iron lung” respirator, used for treating polio patients whose paralyzed muscles cause breathing difficulties, 1933The East Central Townhomes, after a $1.2 million renovation by Burten, Bell and Carr Development CorporationCommunityFoundationAtlas.org websiteMembers of the African-American Philanthropy Committee: Reverend Elmo A. Bean, Doris A. Evans, M.D., David G. Hill, Lillian W. BurkeThe original Free Clinic, a drug treatment center on Cornell RoadIvan Lecaros (right), a master printmaker from Chile, puts the final touches on a drawing for a silkscreen print during his 2012 residency at Zygote Press.The bulldozer operator accidentally backed over Rev. Klunder in order to avoid hurting the protestors lying in front of him.A “City Canvases” mural by graphic designer John MorellGordon Park in its heyday2006: Cleveland Clinic FoundationInnovation: CleveMed’s wireless sleep monitorDancing WheelsBarbecue restaurant owner Al (Bubba) Baker received a microloan that enabled the former Browns football player to begin local distribution of his proprietary de-boned baby-back ribs.2010: Case Western Reserve University1982: Cleveland Institute of ArtCleveland Public ArtGrand opening of the Outhwaite Homes, 1937The foundation’s 1915 public education survey resulted in sweeping reform. For decades thereafter, Cleveland’s school system was regarded as a model of excellence.Raymond C. MoleyPresbyterian minister Bruce W. Klunder died while protesting the construction of three public elementary schools that Cleveland’s civil rights community believed would perpetuate a system of segregated and inferior education for African-American students.The foundation helped to draft and win passage of a clean energy law for Ohio.The State TheatreJohn L. McChordFostering economic opportunity via college scholarships: Garment workers at Joseph & Feiss Company, makers of the $15 blue serge suit2007: Great Lakes Theater FestivalAn owner-employee of the Evergreen LaundryArchitectural drawing of the Cleveland Metropolitan Housing Authority's Lakeview Tower, a senior high-rise proposed for the near west side in 1971Holsey Gates HandysideThe Palace, the flagship of the Keith chain of vaudeville theaters, reinvented itself as a wide-screen movie house in the 1950s.On December 15, 1978, Cleveland City Council considered and rejected Mayor Kucinich’s 11th-hour plan to avoid default.An east-side Cleveland elementary school, 1963: growing frustration with what appears to be systematic segregationPlanning model of Cleveland, c. 1960The Cleveland Foodbank’s LEED-certified distribution center1976: Cleveland Play HouseEvergreen Energy Solution’s photovoltaic panelsThe Great Lakes Science Center’s wind turbineLAND Studio’s proposed redesign of Public SquareJames A. RatnerNewBridge prepares adults for careers as health care technicians.Frances Southworth, Goff’s bride and intellectual partnerThe Ohio Department of Natural Resources invested more than $40 million in capital improvements to the band of green spaces renamed the Cleveland Lakefront State Park. Katharine Holden Thayer by Cindy NaegelePlayhouse Square, c. 1969Ohio CityProposed townhomes for East 118th StreetKenneth W. Clement M.D.Lake-Geauga FundThe issues facing 21st-century Clevelanders—educational and economic opportunity, neighborhood and cultural vitality, and strong health and human services—are much the same as those with which earlier generations wrestled.A new generation of Circle fansThe 2011 renovation of the Allen Theatre's main auditoriumBarack Obama campaigns at Tri-C, 2007Nancy Dwyer’s Who’s on First? benchThe restored Hungarian Cultural GardenTreu-Mart FundThe Frederick C. Crawford Auto Aviation Collection at the Western Reserve Historical SocietyAlfred M. Rankin Jr.Cleveland Institute of ArtCharles P. BoltonAndrew Carnegie, the “king of steel,” created a private foundation to carry out his philanthropic activities. Goff invented a simpler, more affordable mechanism to serve the charitable impulses of caring individuals of all means.2005: ideastreamLakeview Terrace1972: Huron Road MallGreat Lakes Theater FestivalVice President Hubert H. Humphrey showed his support for Stokes’s Cleveland: NOW! initiative on a visit to the city in 1968.The NAACP-Cleveland’s fight for desegregation ultimately leads in 1973 to a federal lawsuit against the Cleveland public schools: the likelihood of court-ordering busing Projects receiving recent Neighborhood Connection grants have ranged from hands-on crafts classes to the reintroduction of beekeeping.  Raymond Q. ArmingtonCatharine Monroe Lewis1968: Holden ArboretumLeyton E. Carter1957: Cleveland Museum of Natural HistoryThe Cleveland Housing Network assisted the Mt. Pleasant Now nonprofit development corporation with the construction of the Union Court senior apartments.2000: Cleveland Zoological SocietyCleveland, Ohio, the birthplace of an entirely new concept of philanthropySt. Joseph's Orphanage for Girls on Woodland AvenueDonald and Ruth GoodmanSinging AngelsAdam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies, Oberlin CollegeA greasy-spoon diner and flophouse at Payne and Walnut Avenues downtown, c. 1968—emblems of the City of Cleveland’s intensifying financial distress Neighbors who have come together to work on improvement of their neighborhoodThe Cleveland Trust Company’s neoclassical banking hall, which opened in 1908, was topped by an immense stained-glass dome.1981: Convention and Visitors Bureau of Greater Cleveland1964: Garden Center of Greater ClevelandWelcome committees were organized to greet bused students on their first day at their new crosstown schools. Harry Goldblatt, M.D.Hunter MorrisonRichard W. PogueAretha Franklin at the Tri-C JazzFest1997: Cleveland Clinic FoundationApollo’s FireGreat Lakes Science CenterInauguration ceremony of the 1975 World Conference of the International Women’s Year, Mexico CityBusiness growth: The Greater Cleveland Partnership’s business development teamTo date, 100 percent of the student body at the School of Science and Medicine goes on to college.Fred S. McConnellAfter their father's untimely death, future political icons Carl (left) and Louis Stokes lived with their mother at Outhwaite Homes.Privately developed Beacon Place Townhomes on East 82nd Street—evidence of the return of middle-class Clevelanders to the central cityChester Avenue demarks the northern border of the MidTown Corridor.Cleveland schools CEO Eric Gordon and Cleveland mayor Frank Jackson stumping in 2012 for the passage of the first operating levy to be placed on the ballet in 16 yearsThe grand opening of The Avenue at Tower City, 1990MAGNET incubator graduate, DXY Solutions, makes components and software for mobile devices.Edgewater Park under state stewardshipTremontAddressing the changing socioeconomic needs of the African-American community: 20th anniversary convening of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, hosted by Cleveland in 1929Sherwick FundManchester Bidwell, the Pittsburgh model on which NewBridge is based, has instilled a love of learning in teens who previously did not fare well in school.1986: Cain ParkCleveland’s well-financed and -run network of community development organizations targeted this crumbling but historic eight-unit rowhouse in the Central neighborhood for rehabilitation.Stokes with his brother Louis (left)Carl B. Stokes at a town hall meeting, 1969: an historic but troubled mayoral administration Mort Epstein’s Pop Art-inspired electrical outlet, a CAAC-commissioned mural, graced the Union building on Euclid Avenue.The Dolan Center for Science and Technology at John Carroll University incorporated green building materials and smart energy and water systems.1967: Blossom Music CenterSlavic VillageNew Gallery co-founders Marjorie Talalay (left) and Nina Castelli SundellThe Allen Theatre, originally an opulent silent movie house, c. 1938Euclid Avenue, looking east, c. 1910FairfaxFlotsam despoiling the beach at Gordon ParkContaminants flowing into Lake Erie, 1965Participants in Parade the Circle, an annual celebration of creativity The foundation’s vision of creating a wind farm in Lake Erie is moving closer to reality.A new company that makes and installs solar-panel arrays has been created with foundation support.Business attraction: The Global Center for Health InnovationWade Lagoon, the tranquil heart of Cleveland’s cultural hub A satellite photograph of Lake Erie, downtown Cleveland and the Cuyahoga River valley: The foundation has learned to take the long view in helping the community craft fresh responses to persistent urban problems.1959: Cleveland Institute of MusicSold out! Heritage Lane townhomes, built within walking distance of the CircleThe March on Washington, August 28, 1963, at which Martin Luther King Jr. called upon the nation to make good on democracy’s promise of social and economic freedom for all citizens Harry Coulby FundsFamed urban planner Lawrence Halprin (right) presented his ideas for downtown Cleveland’s redevelopment at a public forum in 1975 attended by Cleveland mayor Ralph J. Perk (center) and May Company department store president Francis Coy (left).Lexington Village1998: Cuyahoga Valley Scenic RailroadMayor Dennis Kucinich’s ceremonial presentation of a post-default debt paymentChurch Square Commons, offering affordable apartments for adults 55 and older, is one of the Famicos Foundation’s most recent projects in Hough.1956: Cleveland Institute of ArtProgressive Field at GatewayMichael D. White won voter support for “mayoral control” of the Cleveland public schools.The reversal of downtown Cleveland’s stagnation, symbolized by the redevelopment of the Terminal Tower, is a 60-year-old work in progress in which the foundation has been steadily engaged.1985: Cleveland State UniversityGreen City Growers Cooperative’s 3.25-acre hydroponic greenhouse in the Central neighborhood opened in 2013.  Ronald B. RichardMalvin E. BankClean water advocates, 19682009: Cleveland Institute of ArtBelle SherwinCharles A. RatnerLinking city kids to life-enriching programs: Duffy Liturgical Dance teaches children to perform and thus preserve songs and dances created by African slaves in America.2002: Cleveland Institute of MusicMAGNET incubator tenant Tom Lix, the founder and CEO of Cleveland Whiskey, which has developed a proprietary process for accelerating the aging of distilled liquors2002: Shaker Lakes Regional Nature CenterHomer C. WadsworthFrederick Harris Goff, humanitarian, 1858‒1923