100 Years in Pictures

Andrew Carnegie, the “king of steel,” created a private foundation to carry out his philanthropic activities. Goff invented a simpler, more affordable mechanism to serve the charitable impulses of caring individuals of all means.Dancer/choreographer Kapila Palihawadana of Sri Lanka, 2012 artist in residence with the Inlet Dance Theatre, conducts a master dance class at the Beck Center for the Performing Arts.Stokes with his brother Louis (left)1981: Convention and Visitors Bureau of Greater ClevelandNancy Dwyer’s Who’s on First? benchThe foundation’s 1915 public education survey resulted in sweeping reform. For decades thereafter, Cleveland’s school system was regarded as a model of excellence.1982: Cleveland Institute of ArtThe passenger terminal at Cleveland-Hopkins Airport, c. 1956Wade Oval Wednesdays, summertime’s popular outdoor music seriesA new company that makes and installs solar-panel arrays has been created with foundation support.The foundation’s vision of creating a wind farm in Lake Erie is moving closer to reality.1982: The TempleA greasy-spoon diner and flophouse at Payne and Walnut Avenues downtown, c. 1968—emblems of the City of Cleveland’s intensifying financial distress A “City Canvases” mural by graphic designer John Morell1998: Cuyahoga Valley Scenic Railroad1985: Cleveland State UniversityThe Great Lakes Science Center’s wind turbinePalace Theatre lobbyThe Goff home on Lake Shore Boulevard in BratenahlEdgewater Park under state stewardshipLakeview TerraceCommencement at Tri-C, 1975Cleveland Public ArtWade Lagoon, the tranquil heart of Cleveland’s cultural hub The gallery's second home on Bellflower Road in University CircleAn east-side Cleveland elementary school, 1963: growing frustration with what appears to be systematic segregationFoundation leaders confer about how to distribute 1947 income of $614,479 to a standing list of charitable institutions and agencies. Foundation director Leyton E. Carter (third from right) is seated next to the board’s sole female member, Constance Mather Bishop. Master planner I. M. Pei (right), Cleveland’s urban renewal director James Lister (center) and chief architect Jack Hayes at the Erieview Tower construction site, 1954 An examination room at the Glenville Health ClinicGreat Lakes Theater Festival1956: Cleveland Institute of ArtRock and Roll Hall of Fame and MuseumThe West 25th Street retail district in Ohio City exemplifies the objective recently adopted by Neighborhood Progress, Inc. of restoring market forces in target neighborhoods.Planning model of Cleveland, c. 1960Cleveland voters expressed their hopes for the success of the reform plan by approving the Issue 107 operating levy.Fred S. McConnellPresbyterian minister Bruce W. Klunder died while protesting the construction of three public elementary schools that Cleveland’s civil rights community believed would perpetuate a system of segregated and inferior education for African-American students.Aretha Franklin at the Tri-C JazzFestNew Gallery co-founders Marjorie Talalay (left) and Nina Castelli SundellManchester Bidwell, the Pittsburgh model on which NewBridge is based, has instilled a love of learning in teens who previously did not fare well in school.Robert E. Eckardt, Ph.D.Albert Sabin (left) developed the oral vaccine given to Cleveland children.2000: Therapeutic Riding CenterProtest demonstration at Cleveland State University, 1969: poverty rates in the central city on the rise2010: Hawken SchoolCarlton K. Matson1999: Western Reserve Historical Society2006: MOCA ClevelandSustaining the excellence of the region’s cultural assets: a summer solstice party at the Cleveland Museum of ArtSPACESFirst grants to advance serious medical research in an era still plagued with quackery: The Cunningham Sanitarium, located at East 185th Street and Lake Shore Boulevard, c. 1928. The sanitarium offered patients access to the world’s largest hyperbaric chamber, but its claims for the benefits of oxygen therapy proved specious.The Frederick C. Crawford Auto Aviation Collection at the Western Reserve Historical SocietyThe original Free Clinic, a drug treatment center on Cornell RoadStanley C. Pace1984: Cleveland Department of Parks, Recreation and PropertiesCleveland Housing Network was the lead developer of Greenbridge Commons, permanent housing for chronically homeless individuals, in the Fairfax neighborhood.1975: Kenneth C. Beck Center for the Cultural ArtsAn owner-employee of the Evergreen LaundryGroundWorks Dance TheaterA. E. Convers FundThe Dolan Center for Science and Technology at John Carroll University incorporated green building materials and smart energy and water systems.1968: Holden Arboretum2009: Cleveland Institute of ArtFairfaxOn December 15, 1978, Cleveland City Council considered and rejected Mayor Kucinich’s 11th-hour plan to avoid default.On his way to building Cleveland Trust into America’s sixth largest bank, Goff occasionally took time out to indulge his passion for fishing.Gordon Park in its heydayRichard W. Pogue2013: Friends of the Cleveland School of the ArtsChurch Square Commons, offering affordable apartments for adults 55 and older, is one of the Famicos Foundation’s most recent projects in Hough.Euclid Avenue, looking east, c. 1910Barbara Haas RawsonUniversity Circle’s cultural institutions have long been renowned for their enriching educational activities.CommunityFoundationAtlas.org websiteL. Dale Dorney FundBusiness attraction: The Global Center for Health InnovationDavid GoldbergVietnamese lutist Pham Thi Hue was Young Audiences of Northeast Ohio’s artist in residence in 2013.Cleveland OrchestraKenneth W. Clement M.D.Cleveland OrchestraThe Palace, the flagship of the Keith chain of vaudeville theaters, reinvented itself as a wide-screen movie house in the 1950s.The March on Washington, August 28, 1963, at which Martin Luther King Jr. called upon the nation to make good on democracy’s promise of social and economic freedom for all citizens Graduation day at Cleveland Early College High School, 20121959: Cleveland Institute of MusicKatharine Holden Thayer by Cindy NaegeleLinking city kids to life-enriching programs: Duffy Liturgical Dance teaches children to perform and thus preserve songs and dances created by African slaves in America.Harold T. ClarkAdam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies, Oberlin CollegeApollo’s Fire2002: Cleveland Institute of MusicTreu-Mart FundThe bulldozer operator accidentally backed over Rev. Klunder in order to avoid hurting the protestors lying in front of him.Barbecue restaurant owner Al (Bubba) Baker received a microloan that enabled the former Browns football player to begin local distribution of his proprietary de-boned baby-back ribs.Cool Cleveland editor and publisher Tom MulreadyThe Peter B. Lewis Building, designed by Frank Gehry, is the home of Case Western Reserve University’s Weatherhead School of Management.Chester Avenue demarks the northern border of the MidTown Corridor.Cleveland’s busy riverfront, south of the Superior ViaductCleveland’s well-financed and -run network of community development organizations targeted this crumbling but historic eight-unit rowhouse in the Central neighborhood for rehabilitation.The RetreatInstitute of Pathology at Western Reserve University, as it appeared at its opening in 1929Green City Growers Cooperative’s 3.25-acre hydroponic greenhouse in the Central neighborhood opened in 2013.  Frank H. and Nancy L. Porter FundJohn L. McChordThe cast of Nicholas NicklebyMAGNET consultants helped Nextant Aerospace of Richmond Heights, Ohio, apply lean principles to its specialty business of remanufacturing corporate jets for an under-$5 million market. Entrepreneurship: Wood Trac, an affordable, drop-ceiling system developed and marketed by Sauder Woodworking, a family-owned business in Ashland, OhioCircle institutions have invested or are planning to invest billions in capital improvements, such as University Hospitals of Cleveland’s new Seidman Cancer Center.Green City Growers supplies Bibb lettuce, green leaf lettuce, gourmet lettuces and basil to institutional and commercial customers.1991: Hathaway Brown SchoolSt. Joseph's Orphanage for Girls on Woodland AvenueCleveland Housing Network financing programs have helped low- to moderate-income families become homeowners.1986: Cain ParkLeyton E. CarterCharles P. BoltonFostering economic opportunity via college scholarships: Garment workers at Joseph & Feiss Company, makers of the $15 blue serge suitThe Board of Education building in downtown Cleveland, longtime headquarters of the system’s central administrationAn assembly line at the Ford Motor Company plant in Brook Park, 1973: manufacturing jobs on the decline1961: Benjamin Rose Institute1994: Great Lakes Science MuseumParticipants in Parade the Circle, an annual celebration of creativity 1968: Karamu HouseJacqueline F. WoodsMembers of the African-American Philanthropy Committee: Reverend Elmo A. Bean, Doris A. Evans, M.D., David G. Hill, Lillian W. BurkeThe issues facing 21st-century Clevelanders—educational and economic opportunity, neighborhood and cultural vitality, and strong health and human services—are much the same as those with which earlier generations wrestled.To date, 100 percent of the student body at the School of Science and Medicine goes on to college.James A. Ratner2004: Cleveland Museum of Art1967: Blossom Music CenterMort Epstein’s Pop Art-inspired electrical outlet, a CAAC-commissioned mural, graced the Union building on Euclid Avenue.1973: Severance HallSinging Angels1957: Cleveland Museum of Natural HistoryGoff wisely decided that an independent citizen’s committee should determine how a community foundation’s income should be distributed, rather than the directors of the foundation’s trustee bank. 2007: Great Lakes Theater FestivalJohn J. DwyerF. James and Rita Rechin FundAddressing the changing socioeconomic needs of the African-American community: 20th anniversary convening of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, hosted by Cleveland in 1929MAGNET incubator tenant Tom Lix, the founder and CEO of Cleveland Whiskey, which has developed a proprietary process for accelerating the aging of distilled liquorsDispersed by police, the protesters did not succeed in halting construction, but Klunder’s martyrdom inspired the civil rights community to continue what was ultimately a victorious fight against segregation of the Cleveland public schools.MAGNET incubator graduate, DXY Solutions, makes components and software for mobile devices.Lake-Geauga FundThe reversal of downtown Cleveland’s stagnation, symbolized by the redevelopment of the Terminal Tower, is a 60-year-old work in progress in which the foundation has been steadily engaged.Sherwick FundProgressive Field at GatewayReinhold W. Erickson, D.D.S.NewBridge prepares adults for careers as health care technicians.Donald and Ruth GoodmanA landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision righted the injustice experienced by Clarence Earl Gideon, a drifter who was convicted of felony theft because he could not afford an attorney and had defended himself at trial.A satellite photograph of Lake Erie, downtown Cleveland and the Cuyahoga River valley: The foundation has learned to take the long view in helping the community craft fresh responses to persistent urban problems.Frederick Harris Goff, humanitarian, 1858‒1923The Cleveland Foodbank’s LEED-certified distribution centerMayor Dennis Kucinich’s ceremonial presentation of a post-default debt payment1972: Huron Road Mall1996: Old Stone Church1976: Cleveland Play HouseLexington VillageCleveland Play HouseTremontNeighbors who have come together to work on improvement of their neighborhoodHalprin’s impressionist sketch of Cleveland’s “Flats,” which he praised as a “tremendous resource.”  
Uptown, the Circle’s exciting, new high-density neighborhood, has all the amenities associated with urban living.The State TheatreInauguration ceremony of the 1975 World Conference of the International Women’s Year, Mexico CitySophisticated life support equipment in an air ambulance made by Nextant Aerospace, Ohio’s only aircraft manufacturer and a MAGNET clientFamed urban planner Lawrence Halprin (right) presented his ideas for downtown Cleveland’s redevelopment at a public forum in 1975 attended by Cleveland mayor Ralph J. Perk (center) and May Company department store president Francis Coy (left).Goff did not believe that philanthropy should be the exclusive province of wealthy individuals such as Standard Oil Company founder John D. Rockefeller, a client of Goff’s former law firm.Cleveland, Ohio, the birthplace of an entirely new concept of philanthropy2005: ideastreamCleveland Institute of MusicGrand opening of the Outhwaite Homes, 1937CommunityFoundationAtlas.org websiteTitle VIII (the “Federal Fair Housing Act”) of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, signed by President Johnson a week after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., advanced the struggle for integration taking place in Cleveland’s eastern suburbs and elsewhere across the nation.James A. NortonMalvin E. BankHough’s frustrations with its seemingly intractable problems erupted into violence during the summer of 1966.Cleveland Ballet co-founder Dennis Nahat as the tsar and Nanette Glushak as the tsarina in the company’s signature holiday performance of The NutcrackerA burning desire to be an attorney animated Goff as a young man.  Business growth: The Greater Cleveland Partnership’s business development teamStokes and his wife, Shirley, on election day, 1968 Dr. King speaking in Rockefeller Park on a visit to Cleveland in 1967. The previous year he had dramatized the issue of housing discrimination by moving his family into a grimy apartment on the segregated west side of Chicago and joining in protest marches into that city’s all-white neighborhoods.Although the foundation’s trailblazing was a faded tradition by 1955, when this picture of the trustee bank presidents holding a replica of the foundation’s logo was snapped, its stature as the world’s first community trust remained a source of pride.Under the leadership of former CEO Baiju Shah, BioEnterprise created, recruited or helped to grow more than 170 local biotechnology companies.1997: Cleveland Clinic FoundationJames R. GarfieldHolsey Gates HandysideTri-C groundbreaking, 1966Flotsam despoiling the beach at Gordon ParkGeorge and Janet VoinovichCatharine Monroe LewisWelcome committees were organized to greet bused students on their first day at their new crosstown schools. Support for humanitarian aid to the unemployed: Stone carvers responsible for the iconic pylons of the Lorain-Carnegie Bridge, a rare Depression-era construction project completed in 1932 with bond funds approved before the stock market crashHomer C. WadsworthClean water advocates, 1968Playhouse Square, c. 1969Artist’s conception of the new Regional Transit Authority station planned for Mayfield Road in Little ItalyProjects receiving recent Neighborhood Connection grants have ranged from hands-on crafts classes to the reintroduction of beekeeping.  First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt (third from left) at the 1937 dedication of Lakeview Terrace, the nation’s first public housingGlenville High School students, 1914Cleveland mayor Ralph S. LocherCleveland Institute of ArtJames D. WilliamsonKent H. SmithJohn Sherwin Jr.MOCA ClevelandRonald B. RichardHunter MorrisonFrances Southworth GoffOhio CityThe grand opening of The Avenue at Tower City, 1990Leadership of a 1933 initiative to replace squalid tenements with subsidized garden apartmentsEllwood H. FisherUpper Chester, which abuts the Cleveland Clinic, is the next Circle neighborhood slated for redevelopment.Cleveland City Hospital’s “iron lung” respirator, used for treating polio patients whose paralyzed muscles cause breathing difficulties, 19331964: Garden Center of Greater ClevelandBarack Obama campaigns at Tri-C, 2007Tri-C’s early use of computers as a teaching aid, c. 1980In 1967, this Cleveland Heights home, owned by an African American, was bombed in a senseless and vain attempt to halt the suburb’s integration.Goff in a rare moment of leisureMichael D. White won voter support for “mayoral control” of the Cleveland public schools.2006: Cleveland Clinic FoundationHalprin worksheetFrances Southworth, Goff’s bride and intellectual partnerLAND Studio’s proposed redesign of Public Square1986: Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and MuseumThe multitude of organizational nameplates on the door to the Cleveland Foundation’s offices in the 1970s testified to its rebirth as a nexus of progressive philanthropy and an incubator of social-action programs.  27 Coltman, a luxury townhome development on the eastern boundary of University CircleSold out! Heritage Lane townhomes, built within walking distance of the CircleCleveland Film SocietyThe Allen Theatre, originally an opulent silent movie house, c. 1938Kucinich proclaiming victory on the eve of his election as mayor in 1977MAGNET’s Prism program helped Cleveland-based Vitamix keep up with demand for its high-end blenders.The Cleveland Trust Company’s neoclassical banking hall, which opened in 1908, was topped by an immense stained-glass dome.Captain Frank’s seafood restaurant at the end of the Ninth Street Pier once commanded downtown’s best view of Lake Erie.Harry Goldblatt, M.D.The restored Hungarian Cultural Garden2004: The Gathering PlaceRaymond C. MoleyRalph J. Perk lends a hand to the theater restoration project, which began during his tenure as Cleveland mayor. Belle SherwinThe 2011 renovation of the Allen Theatre's main auditoriumBy 1929, when Cleveland laid claim to having the tallest skyscraper in the country—the Terminal Tower, evocatively captured here by famed photographer Margaret Bourke-White—the community foundation movement had spread across America.The East Central Townhomes, after a $1.2 million renovation by Burten, Bell and Carr Development CorporationR. M. Fischer’s Sports StacksH. Stuart HarrisonProposed townhomes for East 118th StreetArchitectural drawing of the Cleveland Metropolitan Housing Authority's Lakeview Tower, a senior high-rise proposed for the near west side in 1971Charles A. RatnerCarl W. BrandAnisfield-Wolf Book AwardsRaymond Q. ArmingtonTom L. Johnson, a reformer who served as Cleveland’s mayor from 1901 to 1909, helped to shape the city’s progressive climate. Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey showed his support for Stokes’s Cleveland: NOW! initiative on a visit to the city in 1968.MOCA Cleveland’s faceted, mirrored, four-story art gallery anchors the Uptown development.The formal entrance to the Judson Park retirement community, an independent living facility erected in 1974 next to the traditional nursing home established by the Baptist Home of Ohio in the former Bicknell mansion on Cleveland’s east sideOhio governor John Kasich at the signing of House Bill 525, legislation enabling education reform, in June 2012Slavic VillageThe Cleveland Foundation emerged from the crucible of the 1960s a stronger leader and more strategic grantmaker.Detroit ShorewayJ. Kimball Johnson2002: Shaker Lakes Regional Nature CenterCleveland Museum of ArtGreat Lakes Science CenterA new generation of Circle fansSteven A. MinterCarl B. Stokes at a town hall meeting, 1969: an historic but troubled mayoral administration Cleveland BalletTri-C JazzFest, 1993Cleveland schools CEO Eric Gordon and Cleveland mayor Frank Jackson stumping in 2012 for the passage of the first operating levy to be placed on the ballet in 16 yearsPrivately developed Beacon Place Townhomes on East 82nd Street—evidence of the return of middle-class Clevelanders to the central city1976: Sokol Hall2010: Case Western Reserve UniversityThe Cleveland Housing Network assisted the Mt. Pleasant Now nonprofit development corporation with the construction of the Union Court senior apartments.Harry Coulby Funds2000: Cleveland Zoological SocietyAdvocating greater reliance on clean energy: a wind farm in northwestern Ohio2003: Hanna Perkins Center for Child DevelopmentEvergreen Energy Solution’s photovoltaic panelsThe foundation helped to draft and win passage of a clean energy law for Ohio.Ivan Lecaros (right), a master printmaker from Chile, puts the final touches on a drawing for a silkscreen print during his 2012 residency at Zygote Press.Malcolm L. McBrideKaramu HouseThe NAACP-Cleveland’s fight for desegregation ultimately leads in 1973 to a federal lawsuit against the Cleveland public schools: the likelihood of court-ordering busing The Ohio Department of Natural Resources invested more than $40 million in capital improvements to the band of green spaces renamed the Cleveland Lakefront State Park. Global Cleveland’s welcome centerJohn SherwinInnovation: CleveMed’s wireless sleep monitor2001: Cleveland Botanical Garden1996: Dunham Tavern MuseumContaminants flowing into Lake Erie, 1965After their father's untimely death, future political icons Carl (left) and Louis Stokes lived with their mother at Outhwaite Homes.Dancing WheelsAlfred M. Rankin Jr.