100 Years in Pictures

Entrepreneurship: Wood Trac, an affordable, drop-ceiling system developed and marketed by Sauder Woodworking, a family-owned business in Ashland, OhioL. Dale Dorney FundCarl W. BrandKaramu HouseJames A. NortonGoff did not believe that philanthropy should be the exclusive province of wealthy individuals such as Standard Oil Company founder John D. Rockefeller, a client of Goff’s former law firm.1961: Benjamin Rose Institute1996: Old Stone Church27 Coltman, a luxury townhome development on the eastern boundary of University CircleFirst Lady Eleanor Roosevelt (third from left) at the 1937 dedication of Lakeview Terrace, the nation’s first public housingDetroit ShorewayTri-C’s early use of computers as a teaching aid, c. 1980An examination room at the Glenville Health Clinic2002: Cleveland Institute of MusicInstitute of Pathology at Western Reserve University, as it appeared at its opening in 19291976: Sokol HallCleveland’s busy riverfront, south of the Superior ViaductUnder the leadership of former CEO Baiju Shah, BioEnterprise created, recruited or helped to grow more than 170 local biotechnology companies.NewBridge prepares adults for careers as health care technicians.In 1967, this Cleveland Heights home, owned by an African American, was bombed in a senseless and vain attempt to halt the suburb’s integration.Barack Obama campaigns at Tri-C, 2007Michael D. White won voter support for “mayoral control” of the Cleveland public schools.The Ohio Department of Natural Resources invested more than $40 million in capital improvements to the band of green spaces renamed the Cleveland Lakefront State Park. Lexington VillageJohn L. McChordMalcolm L. McBrideRock and Roll Hall of Fame and MuseumCleveland OrchestraCleveland schools CEO Eric Gordon and Cleveland mayor Frank Jackson stumping in 2012 for the passage of the first operating levy to be placed on the ballet in 16 yearsFrederick Harris Goff, humanitarian, 1858‒1923Evergreen Energy Solution’s photovoltaic panels1959: Cleveland Institute of MusicCleveland City Hospital’s “iron lung” respirator, used for treating polio patients whose paralyzed muscles cause breathing difficulties, 1933The Cleveland Foodbank’s LEED-certified distribution centerEllwood H. FisherThe grand opening of The Avenue at Tower City, 1990The passenger terminal at Cleveland-Hopkins Airport, c. 1956Progressive Field at GatewayRaymond Q. Armington1982: Cleveland Institute of Art2000: Therapeutic Riding CenterA. E. Convers FundHomer C. Wadsworth1956: Cleveland Institute of ArtSherwick FundIvan Lecaros (right), a master printmaker from Chile, puts the final touches on a drawing for a silkscreen print during his 2012 residency at Zygote Press.The foundation’s vision of creating a wind farm in Lake Erie is moving closer to reality.Cleveland’s well-financed and -run network of community development organizations targeted this crumbling but historic eight-unit rowhouse in the Central neighborhood for rehabilitation.Jacqueline F. WoodsGreen City Growers Cooperative’s 3.25-acre hydroponic greenhouse in the Central neighborhood opened in 2013.  Stokes with his brother Louis (left)1972: Huron Road MallVice President Hubert H. Humphrey showed his support for Stokes’s Cleveland: NOW! initiative on a visit to the city in 1968.Richard W. PogueGreat Lakes Science CenterCleveland, Ohio, the birthplace of an entirely new concept of philanthropyThe Goff home on Lake Shore Boulevard in BratenahlLinking city kids to life-enriching programs: Duffy Liturgical Dance teaches children to perform and thus preserve songs and dances created by African slaves in America.Hunter Morrison2006: MOCA Cleveland2001: Cleveland Botanical GardenBarbara Haas Rawson1996: Dunham Tavern MuseumGordon Park in its heydayHolsey Gates HandysideLeadership of a 1933 initiative to replace squalid tenements with subsidized garden apartmentsApollo’s FireHarold T. ClarkA satellite photograph of Lake Erie, downtown Cleveland and the Cuyahoga River valley: The foundation has learned to take the long view in helping the community craft fresh responses to persistent urban problems.Harry Goldblatt, M.D.Cleveland mayor Ralph S. LocherCleveland Public ArtKenneth W. Clement M.D.Tri-C groundbreaking, 1966Cleveland Institute of Art1975: Kenneth C. Beck Center for the Cultural ArtsCleveland OrchestraLeyton E. CarterDonald and Ruth GoodmanSinging AngelsInnovation: CleveMed’s wireless sleep monitorCarl B. Stokes at a town hall meeting, 1969: an historic but troubled mayoral administration On December 15, 1978, Cleveland City Council considered and rejected Mayor Kucinich’s 11th-hour plan to avoid default.Privately developed Beacon Place Townhomes on East 82nd Street—evidence of the return of middle-class Clevelanders to the central city2004: Cleveland Museum of Art2009: Cleveland Institute of ArtR. M. Fischer’s Sports StacksWade Oval Wednesdays, summertime’s popular outdoor music seriesA “City Canvases” mural by graphic designer John MorellThe Dolan Center for Science and Technology at John Carroll University incorporated green building materials and smart energy and water systems.Goff in a rare moment of leisureFirst grants to advance serious medical research in an era still plagued with quackery: The Cunningham Sanitarium, located at East 185th Street and Lake Shore Boulevard, c. 1928. The sanitarium offered patients access to the world’s largest hyperbaric chamber, but its claims for the benefits of oxygen therapy proved specious.Protest demonstration at Cleveland State University, 1969: poverty rates in the central city on the riseThe cast of Nicholas NicklebyAlfred M. Rankin Jr.Foundation leaders confer about how to distribute 1947 income of $614,479 to a standing list of charitable institutions and agencies. Foundation director Leyton E. Carter (third from right) is seated next to the board’s sole female member, Constance Mather Bishop. 1976: Cleveland Play HouseFrances Southworth, Goff’s bride and intellectual partnerUpper Chester, which abuts the Cleveland Clinic, is the next Circle neighborhood slated for redevelopment.George and Janet VoinovichMalvin E. BankJohn Sherwin Jr.Edgewater Park under state stewardshipSophisticated life support equipment in an air ambulance made by Nextant Aerospace, Ohio’s only aircraft manufacturer and a MAGNET clientThe Palace, the flagship of the Keith chain of vaudeville theaters, reinvented itself as a wide-screen movie house in the 1950s.Stanley C. PaceCommencement at Tri-C, 1975Presbyterian minister Bruce W. Klunder died while protesting the construction of three public elementary schools that Cleveland’s civil rights community believed would perpetuate a system of segregated and inferior education for African-American students.Projects receiving recent Neighborhood Connection grants have ranged from hands-on crafts classes to the reintroduction of beekeeping.  James D. WilliamsonDispersed by police, the protesters did not succeed in halting construction, but Klunder’s martyrdom inspired the civil rights community to continue what was ultimately a victorious fight against segregation of the Cleveland public schools.Tom L. Johnson, a reformer who served as Cleveland’s mayor from 1901 to 1909, helped to shape the city’s progressive climate. Addressing the changing socioeconomic needs of the African-American community: 20th anniversary convening of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, hosted by Cleveland in 1929SPACESOn his way to building Cleveland Trust into America’s sixth largest bank, Goff occasionally took time out to indulge his passion for fishing.Hough’s frustrations with its seemingly intractable problems erupted into violence during the summer of 1966.Lake-Geauga FundThe formal entrance to the Judson Park retirement community, an independent living facility erected in 1974 next to the traditional nursing home established by the Baptist Home of Ohio in the former Bicknell mansion on Cleveland’s east sideTri-C JazzFest, 1993TremontMOCA Cleveland’s faceted, mirrored, four-story art gallery anchors the Uptown development.The East Central Townhomes, after a $1.2 million renovation by Burten, Bell and Carr Development CorporationThe Allen Theatre, originally an opulent silent movie house, c. 1938Steven A. MinterGreen City Growers supplies Bibb lettuce, green leaf lettuce, gourmet lettuces and basil to institutional and commercial customers.LAND Studio’s proposed redesign of Public Square1999: Western Reserve Historical SocietyJohn Sherwin1991: Hathaway Brown SchoolDr. King speaking in Rockefeller Park on a visit to Cleveland in 1967. The previous year he had dramatized the issue of housing discrimination by moving his family into a grimy apartment on the segregated west side of Chicago and joining in protest marches into that city’s all-white neighborhoods.Robert E. Eckardt, Ph.D.A new company that makes and installs solar-panel arrays has been created with foundation support.MAGNET consultants helped Nextant Aerospace of Richmond Heights, Ohio, apply lean principles to its specialty business of remanufacturing corporate jets for an under-$5 million market. Ralph J. Perk lends a hand to the theater restoration project, which began during his tenure as Cleveland mayor. Belle Sherwin1957: Cleveland Museum of Natural HistoryCircle institutions have invested or are planning to invest billions in capital improvements, such as University Hospitals of Cleveland’s new Seidman Cancer Center.An assembly line at the Ford Motor Company plant in Brook Park, 1973: manufacturing jobs on the declineKent H. SmithThe Peter B. Lewis Building, designed by Frank Gehry, is the home of Case Western Reserve University’s Weatherhead School of Management.The Cleveland Housing Network assisted the Mt. Pleasant Now nonprofit development corporation with the construction of the Union Court senior apartments.Treu-Mart FundCharles A. RatnerTitle VIII (the “Federal Fair Housing Act”) of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, signed by President Johnson a week after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., advanced the struggle for integration taking place in Cleveland’s eastern suburbs and elsewhere across the nation.University Circle’s cultural institutions have long been renowned for their enriching educational activities.Ronald B. RichardHarry Coulby FundsBarbecue restaurant owner Al (Bubba) Baker received a microloan that enabled the former Browns football player to begin local distribution of his proprietary de-boned baby-back ribs.Lakeview TerraceFrank H. and Nancy L. Porter FundDancing WheelsThe RetreatThe reversal of downtown Cleveland’s stagnation, symbolized by the redevelopment of the Terminal Tower, is a 60-year-old work in progress in which the foundation has been steadily engaged.Charles P. BoltonReinhold W. Erickson, D.D.S.The State TheatreThe foundation’s 1915 public education survey resulted in sweeping reform. For decades thereafter, Cleveland’s school system was regarded as a model of excellence.Sold out! Heritage Lane townhomes, built within walking distance of the CircleAlbert Sabin (left) developed the oral vaccine given to Cleveland children.Cleveland Museum of ArtSt. Joseph's Orphanage for Girls on Woodland AvenueThe Frederick C. Crawford Auto Aviation Collection at the Western Reserve Historical SocietyCleveland voters expressed their hopes for the success of the reform plan by approving the Issue 107 operating levy.Cleveland BalletCleveland Ballet co-founder Dennis Nahat as the tsar and Nanette Glushak as the tsarina in the company’s signature holiday performance of The NutcrackerAnisfield-Wolf Book AwardsAdvocating greater reliance on clean energy: a wind farm in northwestern OhioNancy Dwyer’s Who’s on First? benchOhio CityThe foundation helped to draft and win passage of a clean energy law for Ohio.Slavic Village1973: Severance HallThe West 25th Street retail district in Ohio City exemplifies the objective recently adopted by Neighborhood Progress, Inc. of restoring market forces in target neighborhoods.Goff wisely decided that an independent citizen’s committee should determine how a community foundation’s income should be distributed, rather than the directors of the foundation’s trustee bank. John J. DwyerAn owner-employee of the Evergreen LaundryJames R. GarfieldH. Stuart HarrisonProposed townhomes for East 118th StreetCaptain Frank’s seafood restaurant at the end of the Ninth Street Pier once commanded downtown’s best view of Lake Erie.2007: Great Lakes Theater FestivalUptown, the Circle’s exciting, new high-density neighborhood, has all the amenities associated with urban living.MAGNET’s Prism program helped Cleveland-based Vitamix keep up with demand for its high-end blenders.Cleveland Housing Network financing programs have helped low- to moderate-income families become homeowners.Aretha Franklin at the Tri-C JazzFestOhio governor John Kasich at the signing of House Bill 525, legislation enabling education reform, in June 2012Halprin’s impressionist sketch of Cleveland’s “Flats,” which he praised as a “tremendous resource.”  
Neighbors who have come together to work on improvement of their neighborhoodCarlton K. Matson1997: Cleveland Clinic Foundation1994: Great Lakes Science MuseumJ. Kimball JohnsonClean water advocates, 1968Welcome committees were organized to greet bused students on their first day at their new crosstown schools. Frances Southworth GoffEuclid Avenue, looking east, c. 1910Sustaining the excellence of the region’s cultural assets: a summer solstice party at the Cleveland Museum of Art1968: Holden ArboretumArchitectural drawing of the Cleveland Metropolitan Housing Authority's Lakeview Tower, a senior high-rise proposed for the near west side in 1971Cleveland Housing Network was the lead developer of Greenbridge Commons, permanent housing for chronically homeless individuals, in the Fairfax neighborhood.The March on Washington, August 28, 1963, at which Martin Luther King Jr. called upon the nation to make good on democracy’s promise of social and economic freedom for all citizens Support for humanitarian aid to the unemployed: Stone carvers responsible for the iconic pylons of the Lorain-Carnegie Bridge, a rare Depression-era construction project completed in 1932 with bond funds approved before the stock market crashGlobal Cleveland’s welcome centerRaymond C. MoleyA greasy-spoon diner and flophouse at Payne and Walnut Avenues downtown, c. 1968—emblems of the City of Cleveland’s intensifying financial distress MAGNET incubator tenant Tom Lix, the founder and CEO of Cleveland Whiskey, which has developed a proprietary process for accelerating the aging of distilled liquorsBusiness attraction: The Global Center for Health InnovationVietnamese lutist Pham Thi Hue was Young Audiences of Northeast Ohio’s artist in residence in 2013.The 2011 renovation of the Allen Theatre's main auditoriumDancer/choreographer Kapila Palihawadana of Sri Lanka, 2012 artist in residence with the Inlet Dance Theatre, conducts a master dance class at the Beck Center for the Performing Arts.Katharine Holden Thayer by Cindy NaegeleA new generation of Circle fansThe issues facing 21st-century Clevelanders—educational and economic opportunity, neighborhood and cultural vitality, and strong health and human services—are much the same as those with which earlier generations wrestled.Although the foundation’s trailblazing was a faded tradition by 1955, when this picture of the trustee bank presidents holding a replica of the foundation’s logo was snapped, its stature as the world’s first community trust remained a source of pride.A landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision righted the injustice experienced by Clarence Earl Gideon, a drifter who was convicted of felony theft because he could not afford an attorney and had defended himself at trial.Catharine Monroe LewisAfter their father's untimely death, future political icons Carl (left) and Louis Stokes lived with their mother at Outhwaite Homes.New Gallery co-founders Marjorie Talalay (left) and Nina Castelli SundellF. James and Rita Rechin Fund1982: The TempleMOCA ClevelandInauguration ceremony of the 1975 World Conference of the International Women’s Year, Mexico City2013: Friends of the Cleveland School of the Arts1984: Cleveland Department of Parks, Recreation and PropertiesThe restored Hungarian Cultural GardenThe Cleveland Foundation emerged from the crucible of the 1960s a stronger leader and more strategic grantmaker.2005: ideastreamPlanning model of Cleveland, c. 19602000: Cleveland Zoological Society1968: Karamu House1967: Blossom Music CenterAn east-side Cleveland elementary school, 1963: growing frustration with what appears to be systematic segregation2003: Hanna Perkins Center for Child DevelopmentFairfaxWade Lagoon, the tranquil heart of Cleveland’s cultural hub Cleveland Film SocietyFostering economic opportunity via college scholarships: Garment workers at Joseph & Feiss Company, makers of the $15 blue serge suitManchester Bidwell, the Pittsburgh model on which NewBridge is based, has instilled a love of learning in teens who previously did not fare well in school.Glenville High School students, 19142010: Hawken SchoolArtist’s conception of the new Regional Transit Authority station planned for Mayfield Road in Little Italy2010: Case Western Reserve UniversityChurch Square Commons, offering affordable apartments for adults 55 and older, is one of the Famicos Foundation’s most recent projects in Hough.Mort Epstein’s Pop Art-inspired electrical outlet, a CAAC-commissioned mural, graced the Union building on Euclid Avenue.Cool Cleveland editor and publisher Tom MulreadyGroundWorks Dance Theater1986: Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and MuseumAndrew Carnegie, the “king of steel,” created a private foundation to carry out his philanthropic activities. Goff invented a simpler, more affordable mechanism to serve the charitable impulses of caring individuals of all means.The bulldozer operator accidentally backed over Rev. Klunder in order to avoid hurting the protestors lying in front of him.David GoldbergThe gallery's second home on Bellflower Road in University CircleCommunityFoundationAtlas.org website1981: Convention and Visitors Bureau of Greater ClevelandThe Cleveland Trust Company’s neoclassical banking hall, which opened in 1908, was topped by an immense stained-glass dome.Famed urban planner Lawrence Halprin (right) presented his ideas for downtown Cleveland’s redevelopment at a public forum in 1975 attended by Cleveland mayor Ralph J. Perk (center) and May Company department store president Francis Coy (left).By 1929, when Cleveland laid claim to having the tallest skyscraper in the country—the Terminal Tower, evocatively captured here by famed photographer Margaret Bourke-White—the community foundation movement had spread across America.A burning desire to be an attorney animated Goff as a young man.  Cleveland Play HouseGraduation day at Cleveland Early College High School, 2012The original Free Clinic, a drug treatment center on Cornell RoadCommunityFoundationAtlas.org websiteKucinich proclaiming victory on the eve of his election as mayor in 19771985: Cleveland State UniversityPlayhouse Square, c. 1969Halprin worksheet1964: Garden Center of Greater ClevelandGreat Lakes Theater Festival1998: Cuyahoga Valley Scenic RailroadThe NAACP-Cleveland’s fight for desegregation ultimately leads in 1973 to a federal lawsuit against the Cleveland public schools: the likelihood of court-ordering busing To date, 100 percent of the student body at the School of Science and Medicine goes on to college.Participants in Parade the Circle, an annual celebration of creativity James A. RatnerMAGNET incubator graduate, DXY Solutions, makes components and software for mobile devices.Adam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies, Oberlin CollegeFlotsam despoiling the beach at Gordon ParkMayor Dennis Kucinich’s ceremonial presentation of a post-default debt paymentThe Great Lakes Science Center’s wind turbinePalace Theatre lobbyStokes and his wife, Shirley, on election day, 1968 Grand opening of the Outhwaite Homes, 1937Contaminants flowing into Lake Erie, 1965The Board of Education building in downtown Cleveland, longtime headquarters of the system’s central administration2002: Shaker Lakes Regional Nature Center2004: The Gathering PlaceFred S. McConnellMaster planner I. M. Pei (right), Cleveland’s urban renewal director James Lister (center) and chief architect Jack Hayes at the Erieview Tower construction site, 1954 Members of the African-American Philanthropy Committee: Reverend Elmo A. Bean, Doris A. Evans, M.D., David G. Hill, Lillian W. BurkeCleveland Institute of MusicChester Avenue demarks the northern border of the MidTown Corridor.Business growth: The Greater Cleveland Partnership’s business development team2006: Cleveland Clinic Foundation1986: Cain ParkThe multitude of organizational nameplates on the door to the Cleveland Foundation’s offices in the 1970s testified to its rebirth as a nexus of progressive philanthropy and an incubator of social-action programs.