100 Years in Pictures

2007: Great Lakes Theater FestivalPalace Theatre lobbyJ. Kimball JohnsonA new company that makes and installs solar-panel arrays has been created with foundation support.Innovation: CleveMed’s wireless sleep monitorLexington VillageOn his way to building Cleveland Trust into America’s sixth largest bank, Goff occasionally took time out to indulge his passion for fishing.2002: Cleveland Institute of MusicThe Cleveland Trust Company’s neoclassical banking hall, which opened in 1908, was topped by an immense stained-glass dome.Jacqueline F. WoodsArchitectural drawing of the Cleveland Metropolitan Housing Authority's Lakeview Tower, a senior high-rise proposed for the near west side in 1971MAGNET incubator tenant Tom Lix, the founder and CEO of Cleveland Whiskey, which has developed a proprietary process for accelerating the aging of distilled liquorsTri-C’s early use of computers as a teaching aid, c. 1980A greasy-spoon diner and flophouse at Payne and Walnut Avenues downtown, c. 1968—emblems of the City of Cleveland’s intensifying financial distress Commencement at Tri-C, 19751956: Cleveland Institute of ArtCleveland Public ArtRonald B. RichardSlavic VillageGeorge and Janet VoinovichDancer/choreographer Kapila Palihawadana of Sri Lanka, 2012 artist in residence with the Inlet Dance Theatre, conducts a master dance class at the Beck Center for the Performing Arts.Halprin’s impressionist sketch of Cleveland’s “Flats,” which he praised as a “tremendous resource.”  
Privately developed Beacon Place Townhomes on East 82nd Street—evidence of the return of middle-class Clevelanders to the central cityThe passenger terminal at Cleveland-Hopkins Airport, c. 1956John SherwinTo date, 100 percent of the student body at the School of Science and Medicine goes on to college.1986: Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and MuseumCleveland OrchestraThe Goff home on Lake Shore Boulevard in BratenahlUnder the leadership of former CEO Baiju Shah, BioEnterprise created, recruited or helped to grow more than 170 local biotechnology companies.Grand opening of the Outhwaite Homes, 1937Raymond C. MoleyTri-C JazzFest, 1993Ralph J. Perk lends a hand to the theater restoration project, which began during his tenure as Cleveland mayor. GroundWorks Dance TheaterA landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision righted the injustice experienced by Clarence Earl Gideon, a drifter who was convicted of felony theft because he could not afford an attorney and had defended himself at trial.Catharine Monroe LewisAn examination room at the Glenville Health ClinicThe foundation helped to draft and win passage of a clean energy law for Ohio.1996: Old Stone ChurchH. Stuart HarrisonCarl W. BrandCleveland Film SocietyAddressing the changing socioeconomic needs of the African-American community: 20th anniversary convening of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, hosted by Cleveland in 1929A new generation of Circle fansGlenville High School students, 1914Aretha Franklin at the Tri-C JazzFest2005: ideastreamBelle SherwinInstitute of Pathology at Western Reserve University, as it appeared at its opening in 19292006: MOCA ClevelandOhio governor John Kasich at the signing of House Bill 525, legislation enabling education reform, in June 2012MOCA Cleveland’s faceted, mirrored, four-story art gallery anchors the Uptown development.The West 25th Street retail district in Ohio City exemplifies the objective recently adopted by Neighborhood Progress, Inc. of restoring market forces in target neighborhoods.James A. Ratner1964: Garden Center of Greater ClevelandFairfaxNancy Dwyer’s Who’s on First? benchAlbert Sabin (left) developed the oral vaccine given to Cleveland children.The gallery's second home on Bellflower Road in University Circle1982: The TempleStokes and his wife, Shirley, on election day, 1968 Barbara Haas RawsonUptown, the Circle’s exciting, new high-density neighborhood, has all the amenities associated with urban living.An east-side Cleveland elementary school, 1963: growing frustration with what appears to be systematic segregationMayor Dennis Kucinich’s ceremonial presentation of a post-default debt paymentHunter MorrisonCleveland, Ohio, the birthplace of an entirely new concept of philanthropyRaymond Q. Armington2010: Hawken SchoolDetroit ShorewayRobert E. Eckardt, Ph.D.Euclid Avenue, looking east, c. 19101976: Sokol HallWelcome committees were organized to greet bused students on their first day at their new crosstown schools. 1985: Cleveland State University2004: The Gathering PlaceSinging AngelsSherwick FundReinhold W. Erickson, D.D.S.James R. GarfieldDavid Goldberg1994: Great Lakes Science MuseumDispersed by police, the protesters did not succeed in halting construction, but Klunder’s martyrdom inspired the civil rights community to continue what was ultimately a victorious fight against segregation of the Cleveland public schools.Stanley C. PaceKenneth W. Clement M.D.Cool Cleveland editor and publisher Tom MulreadyCleveland Housing Network financing programs have helped low- to moderate-income families become homeowners.James D. WilliamsonNeighbors who have come together to work on improvement of their neighborhoodVice President Hubert H. Humphrey showed his support for Stokes’s Cleveland: NOW! initiative on a visit to the city in 1968.1968: Holden ArboretumCircle institutions have invested or are planning to invest billions in capital improvements, such as University Hospitals of Cleveland’s new Seidman Cancer Center.Global Cleveland’s welcome centerThe original Free Clinic, a drug treatment center on Cornell RoadHarry Coulby FundsGoff in a rare moment of leisureThe Cleveland Housing Network assisted the Mt. Pleasant Now nonprofit development corporation with the construction of the Union Court senior apartments.27 Coltman, a luxury townhome development on the eastern boundary of University CircleFamed urban planner Lawrence Halprin (right) presented his ideas for downtown Cleveland’s redevelopment at a public forum in 1975 attended by Cleveland mayor Ralph J. Perk (center) and May Company department store president Francis Coy (left).Cleveland Institute of MusicOn December 15, 1978, Cleveland City Council considered and rejected Mayor Kucinich’s 11th-hour plan to avoid default.First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt (third from left) at the 1937 dedication of Lakeview Terrace, the nation’s first public housingThe NAACP-Cleveland’s fight for desegregation ultimately leads in 1973 to a federal lawsuit against the Cleveland public schools: the likelihood of court-ordering busing The foundation’s 1915 public education survey resulted in sweeping reform. For decades thereafter, Cleveland’s school system was regarded as a model of excellence.1986: Cain ParkCommunityFoundationAtlas.org websiteTitle VIII (the “Federal Fair Housing Act”) of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, signed by President Johnson a week after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., advanced the struggle for integration taking place in Cleveland’s eastern suburbs and elsewhere across the nation.CommunityFoundationAtlas.org websiteHalprin worksheet1991: Hathaway Brown SchoolSophisticated life support equipment in an air ambulance made by Nextant Aerospace, Ohio’s only aircraft manufacturer and a MAGNET clientFlotsam despoiling the beach at Gordon ParkFrances Southworth, Goff’s bride and intellectual partnerKent H. SmithThe bulldozer operator accidentally backed over Rev. Klunder in order to avoid hurting the protestors lying in front of him.Ellwood H. Fisher1982: Cleveland Institute of ArtDr. King speaking in Rockefeller Park on a visit to Cleveland in 1967. The previous year he had dramatized the issue of housing discrimination by moving his family into a grimy apartment on the segregated west side of Chicago and joining in protest marches into that city’s all-white neighborhoods.Great Lakes Science CenterStokes with his brother Louis (left)1973: Severance HallBarack Obama campaigns at Tri-C, 2007The Great Lakes Science Center’s wind turbineProposed townhomes for East 118th StreetMAGNET’s Prism program helped Cleveland-based Vitamix keep up with demand for its high-end blenders.The Allen Theatre, originally an opulent silent movie house, c. 1938Cleveland Museum of ArtEdgewater Park under state stewardshipThe March on Washington, August 28, 1963, at which Martin Luther King Jr. called upon the nation to make good on democracy’s promise of social and economic freedom for all citizens 2010: Case Western Reserve UniversityProtest demonstration at Cleveland State University, 1969: poverty rates in the central city on the riseAlfred M. Rankin Jr.Playhouse Square, c. 1969Frank H. and Nancy L. Porter FundTremontHough’s frustrations with its seemingly intractable problems erupted into violence during the summer of 1966.Foundation leaders confer about how to distribute 1947 income of $614,479 to a standing list of charitable institutions and agencies. Foundation director Leyton E. Carter (third from right) is seated next to the board’s sole female member, Constance Mather Bishop. After their father's untimely death, future political icons Carl (left) and Louis Stokes lived with their mother at Outhwaite Homes.Steven A. MinterWade Oval Wednesdays, summertime’s popular outdoor music seriesChester Avenue demarks the northern border of the MidTown Corridor.Linking city kids to life-enriching programs: Duffy Liturgical Dance teaches children to perform and thus preserve songs and dances created by African slaves in America.1997: Cleveland Clinic FoundationKucinich proclaiming victory on the eve of his election as mayor in 1977Great Lakes Theater Festival1975: Kenneth C. Beck Center for the Cultural ArtsCleveland BalletCleveland Orchestra1998: Cuyahoga Valley Scenic RailroadA “City Canvases” mural by graphic designer John MorellThe grand opening of The Avenue at Tower City, 1990Charles A. RatnerSt. Joseph's Orphanage for Girls on Woodland AvenuePlanning model of Cleveland, c. 1960Presbyterian minister Bruce W. Klunder died while protesting the construction of three public elementary schools that Cleveland’s civil rights community believed would perpetuate a system of segregated and inferior education for African-American students.2000: Cleveland Zoological SocietyIvan Lecaros (right), a master printmaker from Chile, puts the final touches on a drawing for a silkscreen print during his 2012 residency at Zygote Press.Tri-C groundbreaking, 1966Carlton K. MatsonVietnamese lutist Pham Thi Hue was Young Audiences of Northeast Ohio’s artist in residence in 2013.The issues facing 21st-century Clevelanders—educational and economic opportunity, neighborhood and cultural vitality, and strong health and human services—are much the same as those with which earlier generations wrestled.A burning desire to be an attorney animated Goff as a young man.  Sold out! Heritage Lane townhomes, built within walking distance of the CircleMaster planner I. M. Pei (right), Cleveland’s urban renewal director James Lister (center) and chief architect Jack Hayes at the Erieview Tower construction site, 1954 Harry Goldblatt, M.D.R. M. Fischer’s Sports Stacks1976: Cleveland Play House1999: Western Reserve Historical SocietyJohn J. DwyerTom L. Johnson, a reformer who served as Cleveland’s mayor from 1901 to 1909, helped to shape the city’s progressive climate. The formal entrance to the Judson Park retirement community, an independent living facility erected in 1974 next to the traditional nursing home established by the Baptist Home of Ohio in the former Bicknell mansion on Cleveland’s east sideLAND Studio’s proposed redesign of Public SquareChurch Square Commons, offering affordable apartments for adults 55 and older, is one of the Famicos Foundation’s most recent projects in Hough.2001: Cleveland Botanical GardenA. E. Convers FundAdvocating greater reliance on clean energy: a wind farm in northwestern OhioBy 1929, when Cleveland laid claim to having the tallest skyscraper in the country—the Terminal Tower, evocatively captured here by famed photographer Margaret Bourke-White—the community foundation movement had spread across America.Contaminants flowing into Lake Erie, 1965New Gallery co-founders Marjorie Talalay (left) and Nina Castelli SundellJohn L. McChordThe 2011 renovation of the Allen Theatre's main auditoriumInauguration ceremony of the 1975 World Conference of the International Women’s Year, Mexico CityEntrepreneurship: Wood Trac, an affordable, drop-ceiling system developed and marketed by Sauder Woodworking, a family-owned business in Ashland, OhioEvergreen Energy Solution’s photovoltaic panelsDancing WheelsMort Epstein’s Pop Art-inspired electrical outlet, a CAAC-commissioned mural, graced the Union building on Euclid Avenue.1959: Cleveland Institute of MusicThe cast of Nicholas NicklebyA satellite photograph of Lake Erie, downtown Cleveland and the Cuyahoga River valley: The foundation has learned to take the long view in helping the community craft fresh responses to persistent urban problems.Cleveland Institute of ArtAn assembly line at the Ford Motor Company plant in Brook Park, 1973: manufacturing jobs on the declineThe East Central Townhomes, after a $1.2 million renovation by Burten, Bell and Carr Development CorporationUniversity Circle’s cultural institutions have long been renowned for their enriching educational activities.1961: Benjamin Rose InstituteOhio City1967: Blossom Music CenterGoff did not believe that philanthropy should be the exclusive province of wealthy individuals such as Standard Oil Company founder John D. Rockefeller, a client of Goff’s former law firm.2004: Cleveland Museum of ArtProjects receiving recent Neighborhood Connection grants have ranged from hands-on crafts classes to the reintroduction of beekeeping.  Carl B. Stokes at a town hall meeting, 1969: an historic but troubled mayoral administration Karamu House1972: Huron Road MallCleveland’s well-financed and -run network of community development organizations targeted this crumbling but historic eight-unit rowhouse in the Central neighborhood for rehabilitation.First grants to advance serious medical research in an era still plagued with quackery: The Cunningham Sanitarium, located at East 185th Street and Lake Shore Boulevard, c. 1928. The sanitarium offered patients access to the world’s largest hyperbaric chamber, but its claims for the benefits of oxygen therapy proved specious.Green City Growers Cooperative’s 3.25-acre hydroponic greenhouse in the Central neighborhood opened in 2013.  1981: Convention and Visitors Bureau of Greater ClevelandWade Lagoon, the tranquil heart of Cleveland’s cultural hub Green City Growers supplies Bibb lettuce, green leaf lettuce, gourmet lettuces and basil to institutional and commercial customers.Leadership of a 1933 initiative to replace squalid tenements with subsidized garden apartmentsProgressive Field at GatewayCleveland schools CEO Eric Gordon and Cleveland mayor Frank Jackson stumping in 2012 for the passage of the first operating levy to be placed on the ballet in 16 yearsMalvin E. BankBarbecue restaurant owner Al (Bubba) Baker received a microloan that enabled the former Browns football player to begin local distribution of his proprietary de-boned baby-back ribs.2006: Cleveland Clinic Foundation2002: Shaker Lakes Regional Nature CenterMAGNET incubator graduate, DXY Solutions, makes components and software for mobile devices.Frances Southworth GoffSupport for humanitarian aid to the unemployed: Stone carvers responsible for the iconic pylons of the Lorain-Carnegie Bridge, a rare Depression-era construction project completed in 1932 with bond funds approved before the stock market crashFrederick Harris Goff, humanitarian, 1858‒1923NewBridge prepares adults for careers as health care technicians.Business attraction: The Global Center for Health InnovationCleveland mayor Ralph S. LocherThe Frederick C. Crawford Auto Aviation Collection at the Western Reserve Historical SocietyParticipants in Parade the Circle, an annual celebration of creativity Clean water advocates, 1968Richard W. PogueAlthough the foundation’s trailblazing was a faded tradition by 1955, when this picture of the trustee bank presidents holding a replica of the foundation’s logo was snapped, its stature as the world’s first community trust remained a source of pride.The foundation’s vision of creating a wind farm in Lake Erie is moving closer to reality.In 1967, this Cleveland Heights home, owned by an African American, was bombed in a senseless and vain attempt to halt the suburb’s integration.Cleveland Ballet co-founder Dennis Nahat as the tsar and Nanette Glushak as the tsarina in the company’s signature holiday performance of The Nutcracker1996: Dunham Tavern MuseumSustaining the excellence of the region’s cultural assets: a summer solstice party at the Cleveland Museum of ArtMalcolm L. McBrideHomer C. WadsworthThe Dolan Center for Science and Technology at John Carroll University incorporated green building materials and smart energy and water systems.MOCA ClevelandGraduation day at Cleveland Early College High School, 2012Katharine Holden Thayer by Cindy NaegeleF. James and Rita Rechin FundThe multitude of organizational nameplates on the door to the Cleveland Foundation’s offices in the 1970s testified to its rebirth as a nexus of progressive philanthropy and an incubator of social-action programs.  Captain Frank’s seafood restaurant at the end of the Ninth Street Pier once commanded downtown’s best view of Lake Erie.Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and MuseumCleveland voters expressed their hopes for the success of the reform plan by approving the Issue 107 operating levy.James A. NortonThe reversal of downtown Cleveland’s stagnation, symbolized by the redevelopment of the Terminal Tower, is a 60-year-old work in progress in which the foundation has been steadily engaged.Harold T. ClarkArtist’s conception of the new Regional Transit Authority station planned for Mayfield Road in Little Italy2003: Hanna Perkins Center for Child DevelopmentAdam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies, Oberlin CollegeCleveland City Hospital’s “iron lung” respirator, used for treating polio patients whose paralyzed muscles cause breathing difficulties, 19332009: Cleveland Institute of ArtLake-Geauga FundL. Dale Dorney FundHolsey Gates HandysideCleveland’s busy riverfront, south of the Superior ViaductThe Palace, the flagship of the Keith chain of vaudeville theaters, reinvented itself as a wide-screen movie house in the 1950s.John Sherwin Jr.SPACESAn owner-employee of the Evergreen LaundryMAGNET consultants helped Nextant Aerospace of Richmond Heights, Ohio, apply lean principles to its specialty business of remanufacturing corporate jets for an under-$5 million market. Cleveland Housing Network was the lead developer of Greenbridge Commons, permanent housing for chronically homeless individuals, in the Fairfax neighborhood.Anisfield-Wolf Book Awards1984: Cleveland Department of Parks, Recreation and Properties1968: Karamu HouseCleveland Play HouseThe Peter B. Lewis Building, designed by Frank Gehry, is the home of Case Western Reserve University’s Weatherhead School of Management.The restored Hungarian Cultural Garden1957: Cleveland Museum of Natural HistoryGordon Park in its heydayLakeview TerraceMichael D. White won voter support for “mayoral control” of the Cleveland public schools.Leyton E. CarterThe RetreatMembers of the African-American Philanthropy Committee: Reverend Elmo A. Bean, Doris A. Evans, M.D., David G. Hill, Lillian W. BurkeFred S. McConnellManchester Bidwell, the Pittsburgh model on which NewBridge is based, has instilled a love of learning in teens who previously did not fare well in school.Business growth: The Greater Cleveland Partnership’s business development teamThe State TheatreApollo’s Fire2013: Friends of the Cleveland School of the Arts2000: Therapeutic Riding CenterTreu-Mart FundThe Board of Education building in downtown Cleveland, longtime headquarters of the system’s central administrationThe Cleveland Foodbank’s LEED-certified distribution centerDonald and Ruth GoodmanFostering economic opportunity via college scholarships: Garment workers at Joseph & Feiss Company, makers of the $15 blue serge suitThe Ohio Department of Natural Resources invested more than $40 million in capital improvements to the band of green spaces renamed the Cleveland Lakefront State Park. The Cleveland Foundation emerged from the crucible of the 1960s a stronger leader and more strategic grantmaker.Goff wisely decided that an independent citizen’s committee should determine how a community foundation’s income should be distributed, rather than the directors of the foundation’s trustee bank. Charles P. BoltonAndrew Carnegie, the “king of steel,” created a private foundation to carry out his philanthropic activities. Goff invented a simpler, more affordable mechanism to serve the charitable impulses of caring individuals of all means.Upper Chester, which abuts the Cleveland Clinic, is the next Circle neighborhood slated for redevelopment.