100 Years in Pictures

The Great Lakes Science Center’s wind turbineSlavic Village1972: Huron Road MallStanley C. PaceSherwick FundCleveland Housing Network was the lead developer of Greenbridge Commons, permanent housing for chronically homeless individuals, in the Fairfax neighborhood.The grand opening of The Avenue at Tower City, 1990The Cleveland Foundation emerged from the crucible of the 1960s a stronger leader and more strategic grantmaker.Presbyterian minister Bruce W. Klunder died while protesting the construction of three public elementary schools that Cleveland’s civil rights community believed would perpetuate a system of segregated and inferior education for African-American students.Graduation day at Cleveland Early College High School, 2012Albert Sabin (left) developed the oral vaccine given to Cleveland children.Great Lakes Theater FestivalMembers of the African-American Philanthropy Committee: Reverend Elmo A. Bean, Doris A. Evans, M.D., David G. Hill, Lillian W. BurkeStokes with his brother Louis (left)John L. McChordL. Dale Dorney FundCleveland, Ohio, the birthplace of an entirely new concept of philanthropyA new company that makes and installs solar-panel arrays has been created with foundation support.The Board of Education building in downtown Cleveland, longtime headquarters of the system’s central administrationThe bulldozer operator accidentally backed over Rev. Klunder in order to avoid hurting the protestors lying in front of him.R. M. Fischer’s Sports StacksRichard W. PogueSteven A. MinterThe original Free Clinic, a drug treatment center on Cornell RoadKatharine Holden Thayer by Cindy NaegeleTri-C’s early use of computers as a teaching aid, c. 1980Commencement at Tri-C, 1975Belle SherwinThe foundation’s 1915 public education survey resulted in sweeping reform. For decades thereafter, Cleveland’s school system was regarded as a model of excellence.Title VIII (the “Federal Fair Housing Act”) of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, signed by President Johnson a week after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., advanced the struggle for integration taking place in Cleveland’s eastern suburbs and elsewhere across the nation.2010: Case Western Reserve UniversityParticipants in Parade the Circle, an annual celebration of creativity Business growth: The Greater Cleveland Partnership’s business development teamCatharine Monroe LewisApollo’s FireAn owner-employee of the Evergreen Laundry1991: Hathaway Brown SchoolThe State Theatre1986: Cain ParkArchitectural drawing of the Cleveland Metropolitan Housing Authority's Lakeview Tower, a senior high-rise proposed for the near west side in 1971NewBridge prepares adults for careers as health care technicians.F. James and Rita Rechin FundFoundation leaders confer about how to distribute 1947 income of $614,479 to a standing list of charitable institutions and agencies. Foundation director Leyton E. Carter (third from right) is seated next to the board’s sole female member, Constance Mather Bishop. Holsey Gates HandysideCleveland Housing Network financing programs have helped low- to moderate-income families become homeowners.Projects receiving recent Neighborhood Connection grants have ranged from hands-on crafts classes to the reintroduction of beekeeping.  Protest demonstration at Cleveland State University, 1969: poverty rates in the central city on the riseAn examination room at the Glenville Health ClinicAlthough the foundation’s trailblazing was a faded tradition by 1955, when this picture of the trustee bank presidents holding a replica of the foundation’s logo was snapped, its stature as the world’s first community trust remained a source of pride.Sustaining the excellence of the region’s cultural assets: a summer solstice party at the Cleveland Museum of ArtThe restored Hungarian Cultural GardenJ. Kimball JohnsonOn his way to building Cleveland Trust into America’s sixth largest bank, Goff occasionally took time out to indulge his passion for fishing.University Circle’s cultural institutions have long been renowned for their enriching educational activities.FairfaxKaramu HouseThe Dolan Center for Science and Technology at John Carroll University incorporated green building materials and smart energy and water systems.Privately developed Beacon Place Townhomes on East 82nd Street—evidence of the return of middle-class Clevelanders to the central cityClean water advocates, 19681996: Dunham Tavern Museum2004: The Gathering PlaceUnder the leadership of former CEO Baiju Shah, BioEnterprise created, recruited or helped to grow more than 170 local biotechnology companies.Raymond C. MoleyGeorge and Janet VoinovichCleveland’s well-financed and -run network of community development organizations targeted this crumbling but historic eight-unit rowhouse in the Central neighborhood for rehabilitation.Cleveland Orchestra1964: Garden Center of Greater Cleveland1994: Great Lakes Science MuseumInstitute of Pathology at Western Reserve University, as it appeared at its opening in 1929Cleveland schools CEO Eric Gordon and Cleveland mayor Frank Jackson stumping in 2012 for the passage of the first operating levy to be placed on the ballet in 16 yearsCharles P. BoltonCommunityFoundationAtlas.org websiteCleveland voters expressed their hopes for the success of the reform plan by approving the Issue 107 operating levy.H. Stuart HarrisonCleveland City Hospital’s “iron lung” respirator, used for treating polio patients whose paralyzed muscles cause breathing difficulties, 1933Church Square Commons, offering affordable apartments for adults 55 and older, is one of the Famicos Foundation’s most recent projects in Hough.David GoldbergCleveland Film SocietyFirst Lady Eleanor Roosevelt (third from left) at the 1937 dedication of Lakeview Terrace, the nation’s first public housingA. E. Convers FundGreen City Growers supplies Bibb lettuce, green leaf lettuce, gourmet lettuces and basil to institutional and commercial customers.Proposed townhomes for East 118th StreetThe March on Washington, August 28, 1963, at which Martin Luther King Jr. called upon the nation to make good on democracy’s promise of social and economic freedom for all citizens James R. GarfieldHarry Coulby Funds1975: Kenneth C. Beck Center for the Cultural ArtsAfter their father's untimely death, future political icons Carl (left) and Louis Stokes lived with their mother at Outhwaite Homes.Andrew Carnegie, the “king of steel,” created a private foundation to carry out his philanthropic activities. Goff invented a simpler, more affordable mechanism to serve the charitable impulses of caring individuals of all means.Ellwood H. Fisher2006: MOCA Cleveland1956: Cleveland Institute of ArtGroundWorks Dance TheaterPlayhouse Square, c. 1969Entrepreneurship: Wood Trac, an affordable, drop-ceiling system developed and marketed by Sauder Woodworking, a family-owned business in Ashland, OhioMAGNET incubator graduate, DXY Solutions, makes components and software for mobile devices.Planning model of Cleveland, c. 1960A greasy-spoon diner and flophouse at Payne and Walnut Avenues downtown, c. 1968—emblems of the City of Cleveland’s intensifying financial distress 1981: Convention and Visitors Bureau of Greater ClevelandHough’s frustrations with its seemingly intractable problems erupted into violence during the summer of 1966.Fostering economic opportunity via college scholarships: Garment workers at Joseph & Feiss Company, makers of the $15 blue serge suitAn east-side Cleveland elementary school, 1963: growing frustration with what appears to be systematic segregationCommunityFoundationAtlas.org website27 Coltman, a luxury townhome development on the eastern boundary of University CircleJohn J. Dwyer1998: Cuyahoga Valley Scenic RailroadThe gallery's second home on Bellflower Road in University CircleMort Epstein’s Pop Art-inspired electrical outlet, a CAAC-commissioned mural, graced the Union building on Euclid Avenue.Euclid Avenue, looking east, c. 1910Global Cleveland’s welcome centerMaster planner I. M. Pei (right), Cleveland’s urban renewal director James Lister (center) and chief architect Jack Hayes at the Erieview Tower construction site, 1954 2002: Shaker Lakes Regional Nature CenterStokes and his wife, Shirley, on election day, 1968 The NAACP-Cleveland’s fight for desegregation ultimately leads in 1973 to a federal lawsuit against the Cleveland public schools: the likelihood of court-ordering busing Cleveland mayor Ralph S. LocherEdgewater Park under state stewardshipArtist’s conception of the new Regional Transit Authority station planned for Mayfield Road in Little ItalyIvan Lecaros (right), a master printmaker from Chile, puts the final touches on a drawing for a silkscreen print during his 2012 residency at Zygote Press.The reversal of downtown Cleveland’s stagnation, symbolized by the redevelopment of the Terminal Tower, is a 60-year-old work in progress in which the foundation has been steadily engaged.1961: Benjamin Rose InstituteRaymond Q. ArmingtonTremont2007: Great Lakes Theater FestivalNancy Dwyer’s Who’s on First? benchCool Cleveland editor and publisher Tom MulreadyDr. King speaking in Rockefeller Park on a visit to Cleveland in 1967. The previous year he had dramatized the issue of housing discrimination by moving his family into a grimy apartment on the segregated west side of Chicago and joining in protest marches into that city’s all-white neighborhoods.Carl B. Stokes at a town hall meeting, 1969: an historic but troubled mayoral administration Tri-C JazzFest, 1993The passenger terminal at Cleveland-Hopkins Airport, c. 1956Business attraction: The Global Center for Health InnovationJacqueline F. WoodsMalcolm L. McBride1976: Sokol HallMAGNET incubator tenant Tom Lix, the founder and CEO of Cleveland Whiskey, which has developed a proprietary process for accelerating the aging of distilled liquors2002: Cleveland Institute of MusicWelcome committees were organized to greet bused students on their first day at their new crosstown schools. Cleveland Institute of MusicCleveland BalletMOCA Cleveland’s faceted, mirrored, four-story art gallery anchors the Uptown development.Mayor Dennis Kucinich’s ceremonial presentation of a post-default debt paymentThe East Central Townhomes, after a $1.2 million renovation by Burten, Bell and Carr Development CorporationGoff in a rare moment of leisureKenneth W. Clement M.D.John SherwinThe Goff home on Lake Shore Boulevard in BratenahlInnovation: CleveMed’s wireless sleep monitorPalace Theatre lobbyHarry Goldblatt, M.D.Dancing WheelsGordon Park in its heydayGoff wisely decided that an independent citizen’s committee should determine how a community foundation’s income should be distributed, rather than the directors of the foundation’s trustee bank. 2005: ideastreamGoff did not believe that philanthropy should be the exclusive province of wealthy individuals such as Standard Oil Company founder John D. Rockefeller, a client of Goff’s former law firm.Kent H. Smith1986: Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and MuseumGreat Lakes Science Center1996: Old Stone ChurchThe Allen Theatre, originally an opulent silent movie house, c. 1938The Cleveland Housing Network assisted the Mt. Pleasant Now nonprofit development corporation with the construction of the Union Court senior apartments.John Sherwin Jr.Progressive Field at GatewaySophisticated life support equipment in an air ambulance made by Nextant Aerospace, Ohio’s only aircraft manufacturer and a MAGNET clientKucinich proclaiming victory on the eve of his election as mayor in 1977Tom L. Johnson, a reformer who served as Cleveland’s mayor from 1901 to 1909, helped to shape the city’s progressive climate. The Frederick C. Crawford Auto Aviation Collection at the Western Reserve Historical Society1973: Severance HallCleveland Public ArtHomer C. WadsworthCaptain Frank’s seafood restaurant at the end of the Ninth Street Pier once commanded downtown’s best view of Lake Erie.The formal entrance to the Judson Park retirement community, an independent living facility erected in 1974 next to the traditional nursing home established by the Baptist Home of Ohio in the former Bicknell mansion on Cleveland’s east sideThe cast of Nicholas Nickleby1959: Cleveland Institute of MusicEvergreen Energy Solution’s photovoltaic panelsAdvocating greater reliance on clean energy: a wind farm in northwestern Ohio1984: Cleveland Department of Parks, Recreation and PropertiesFamed urban planner Lawrence Halprin (right) presented his ideas for downtown Cleveland’s redevelopment at a public forum in 1975 attended by Cleveland mayor Ralph J. Perk (center) and May Company department store president Francis Coy (left).A satellite photograph of Lake Erie, downtown Cleveland and the Cuyahoga River valley: The foundation has learned to take the long view in helping the community craft fresh responses to persistent urban problems.Barbecue restaurant owner Al (Bubba) Baker received a microloan that enabled the former Browns football player to begin local distribution of his proprietary de-boned baby-back ribs.2001: Cleveland Botanical GardenAdam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies, Oberlin College1985: Cleveland State UniversityLeyton E. CarterAddressing the changing socioeconomic needs of the African-American community: 20th anniversary convening of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, hosted by Cleveland in 1929On December 15, 1978, Cleveland City Council considered and rejected Mayor Kucinich’s 11th-hour plan to avoid default.Harold T. ClarkJames D. WilliamsonContaminants flowing into Lake Erie, 19651967: Blossom Music CenterA landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision righted the injustice experienced by Clarence Earl Gideon, a drifter who was convicted of felony theft because he could not afford an attorney and had defended himself at trial.The Cleveland Trust Company’s neoclassical banking hall, which opened in 1908, was topped by an immense stained-glass dome.By 1929, when Cleveland laid claim to having the tallest skyscraper in the country—the Terminal Tower, evocatively captured here by famed photographer Margaret Bourke-White—the community foundation movement had spread across America.Sold out! Heritage Lane townhomes, built within walking distance of the CircleFrances Southworth, Goff’s bride and intellectual partner1982: The TempleAn assembly line at the Ford Motor Company plant in Brook Park, 1973: manufacturing jobs on the declineCleveland Play HouseLake-Geauga FundTo date, 100 percent of the student body at the School of Science and Medicine goes on to college.2000: Cleveland Zoological SocietyBarack Obama campaigns at Tri-C, 2007Fred S. McConnellCircle institutions have invested or are planning to invest billions in capital improvements, such as University Hospitals of Cleveland’s new Seidman Cancer Center.2000: Therapeutic Riding CenterAnisfield-Wolf Book AwardsMAGNET’s Prism program helped Cleveland-based Vitamix keep up with demand for its high-end blenders.Singing AngelsAretha Franklin at the Tri-C JazzFestSupport for humanitarian aid to the unemployed: Stone carvers responsible for the iconic pylons of the Lorain-Carnegie Bridge, a rare Depression-era construction project completed in 1932 with bond funds approved before the stock market crash1997: Cleveland Clinic Foundation1976: Cleveland Play HouseVietnamese lutist Pham Thi Hue was Young Audiences of Northeast Ohio’s artist in residence in 2013.Cleveland Museum of ArtNew Gallery co-founders Marjorie Talalay (left) and Nina Castelli SundellCleveland Institute of ArtLAND Studio’s proposed redesign of Public SquareThe multitude of organizational nameplates on the door to the Cleveland Foundation’s offices in the 1970s testified to its rebirth as a nexus of progressive philanthropy and an incubator of social-action programs.  Ohio governor John Kasich at the signing of House Bill 525, legislation enabling education reform, in June 2012Malvin E. Bank1968: Karamu HouseHalprin’s impressionist sketch of Cleveland’s “Flats,” which he praised as a “tremendous resource.”  
James A. NortonA burning desire to be an attorney animated Goff as a young man.  In 1967, this Cleveland Heights home, owned by an African American, was bombed in a senseless and vain attempt to halt the suburb’s integration.Robert E. Eckardt, Ph.D.Alfred M. Rankin Jr.A “City Canvases” mural by graphic designer John Morell1999: Western Reserve Historical Society2004: Cleveland Museum of ArtFrederick Harris Goff, humanitarian, 1858‒1923Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and MuseumSt. Joseph's Orphanage for Girls on Woodland AvenueUptown, the Circle’s exciting, new high-density neighborhood, has all the amenities associated with urban living.Tri-C groundbreaking, 1966Linking city kids to life-enriching programs: Duffy Liturgical Dance teaches children to perform and thus preserve songs and dances created by African slaves in America.Glenville High School students, 1914Upper Chester, which abuts the Cleveland Clinic, is the next Circle neighborhood slated for redevelopment.2003: Hanna Perkins Center for Child DevelopmentFlotsam despoiling the beach at Gordon ParkThe Retreat2010: Hawken SchoolCleveland OrchestraLeadership of a 1933 initiative to replace squalid tenements with subsidized garden apartmentsThe Cleveland Foodbank’s LEED-certified distribution centerDancer/choreographer Kapila Palihawadana of Sri Lanka, 2012 artist in residence with the Inlet Dance Theatre, conducts a master dance class at the Beck Center for the Performing Arts.Neighbors who have come together to work on improvement of their neighborhoodThe foundation helped to draft and win passage of a clean energy law for Ohio.Manchester Bidwell, the Pittsburgh model on which NewBridge is based, has instilled a love of learning in teens who previously did not fare well in school.2009: Cleveland Institute of ArtJames A. RatnerCleveland’s busy riverfront, south of the Superior ViaductMAGNET consultants helped Nextant Aerospace of Richmond Heights, Ohio, apply lean principles to its specialty business of remanufacturing corporate jets for an under-$5 million market. Hunter MorrisonGrand opening of the Outhwaite Homes, 1937The Peter B. Lewis Building, designed by Frank Gehry, is the home of Case Western Reserve University’s Weatherhead School of Management.Carlton K. Matson1968: Holden ArboretumRonald B. RichardRalph J. Perk lends a hand to the theater restoration project, which began during his tenure as Cleveland mayor. Michael D. White won voter support for “mayoral control” of the Cleveland public schools.Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey showed his support for Stokes’s Cleveland: NOW! initiative on a visit to the city in 1968.Halprin worksheetBarbara Haas RawsonThe Ohio Department of Natural Resources invested more than $40 million in capital improvements to the band of green spaces renamed the Cleveland Lakefront State Park. 1957: Cleveland Museum of Natural History1982: Cleveland Institute of ArtReinhold W. Erickson, D.D.S.The Palace, the flagship of the Keith chain of vaudeville theaters, reinvented itself as a wide-screen movie house in the 1950s.SPACESFrances Southworth GoffThe issues facing 21st-century Clevelanders—educational and economic opportunity, neighborhood and cultural vitality, and strong health and human services—are much the same as those with which earlier generations wrestled.The foundation’s vision of creating a wind farm in Lake Erie is moving closer to reality.Donald and Ruth GoodmanChester Avenue demarks the northern border of the MidTown Corridor.Frank H. and Nancy L. Porter FundThe West 25th Street retail district in Ohio City exemplifies the objective recently adopted by Neighborhood Progress, Inc. of restoring market forces in target neighborhoods.Green City Growers Cooperative’s 3.25-acre hydroponic greenhouse in the Central neighborhood opened in 2013.  The 2011 renovation of the Allen Theatre's main auditoriumCleveland Ballet co-founder Dennis Nahat as the tsar and Nanette Glushak as the tsarina in the company’s signature holiday performance of The NutcrackerInauguration ceremony of the 1975 World Conference of the International Women’s Year, Mexico CityCharles A. Ratner2006: Cleveland Clinic FoundationTreu-Mart FundCarl W. BrandDetroit ShorewayDispersed by police, the protesters did not succeed in halting construction, but Klunder’s martyrdom inspired the civil rights community to continue what was ultimately a victorious fight against segregation of the Cleveland public schools.A new generation of Circle fansLexington VillageWade Lagoon, the tranquil heart of Cleveland’s cultural hub First grants to advance serious medical research in an era still plagued with quackery: The Cunningham Sanitarium, located at East 185th Street and Lake Shore Boulevard, c. 1928. The sanitarium offered patients access to the world’s largest hyperbaric chamber, but its claims for the benefits of oxygen therapy proved specious.Wade Oval Wednesdays, summertime’s popular outdoor music seriesLakeview TerraceMOCA Cleveland2013: Friends of the Cleveland School of the ArtsOhio City