100 Years in Pictures

An assembly line at the Ford Motor Company plant in Brook Park, 1973: manufacturing jobs on the declineJohn Sherwin1986: Cain ParkThe Palace, the flagship of the Keith chain of vaudeville theaters, reinvented itself as a wide-screen movie house in the 1950s.1967: Blossom Music CenterCleveland’s well-financed and -run network of community development organizations targeted this crumbling but historic eight-unit rowhouse in the Central neighborhood for rehabilitation.Raymond Q. ArmingtonOn December 15, 1978, Cleveland City Council considered and rejected Mayor Kucinich’s 11th-hour plan to avoid default.Barbecue restaurant owner Al (Bubba) Baker received a microloan that enabled the former Browns football player to begin local distribution of his proprietary de-boned baby-back ribs.2006: MOCA ClevelandAn owner-employee of the Evergreen LaundryGordon Park in its heydayHolsey Gates HandysideCleveland City Hospital’s “iron lung” respirator, used for treating polio patients whose paralyzed muscles cause breathing difficulties, 1933Chester Avenue demarks the northern border of the MidTown Corridor.Goff wisely decided that an independent citizen’s committee should determine how a community foundation’s income should be distributed, rather than the directors of the foundation’s trustee bank. 2000: Therapeutic Riding Center1956: Cleveland Institute of ArtEvergreen Energy Solution’s photovoltaic panelsAlfred M. Rankin Jr.The restored Hungarian Cultural GardenProjects receiving recent Neighborhood Connection grants have ranged from hands-on crafts classes to the reintroduction of beekeeping.  1984: Cleveland Department of Parks, Recreation and PropertiesCarlton K. MatsonDetroit ShorewayFoundation leaders confer about how to distribute 1947 income of $614,479 to a standing list of charitable institutions and agencies. Foundation director Leyton E. Carter (third from right) is seated next to the board’s sole female member, Constance Mather Bishop. FairfaxHarry Goldblatt, M.D.Nancy Dwyer’s Who’s on First? benchDonald and Ruth GoodmanKaramu House2002: Shaker Lakes Regional Nature CenterMOCA Cleveland’s faceted, mirrored, four-story art gallery anchors the Uptown development.1994: Great Lakes Science MuseumProtest demonstration at Cleveland State University, 1969: poverty rates in the central city on the riseJames A. NortonCleveland BalletThe Cleveland Trust Company’s neoclassical banking hall, which opened in 1908, was topped by an immense stained-glass dome.Barbara Haas RawsonThe Ohio Department of Natural Resources invested more than $40 million in capital improvements to the band of green spaces renamed the Cleveland Lakefront State Park. A satellite photograph of Lake Erie, downtown Cleveland and the Cuyahoga River valley: The foundation has learned to take the long view in helping the community craft fresh responses to persistent urban problems.Participants in Parade the Circle, an annual celebration of creativity Frank H. and Nancy L. Porter FundJohn Sherwin Jr.Support for humanitarian aid to the unemployed: Stone carvers responsible for the iconic pylons of the Lorain-Carnegie Bridge, a rare Depression-era construction project completed in 1932 with bond funds approved before the stock market crashJohn L. McChordCleveland Ballet co-founder Dennis Nahat as the tsar and Nanette Glushak as the tsarina in the company’s signature holiday performance of The Nutcracker1997: Cleveland Clinic FoundationTitle VIII (the “Federal Fair Housing Act”) of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, signed by President Johnson a week after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., advanced the struggle for integration taking place in Cleveland’s eastern suburbs and elsewhere across the nation.2002: Cleveland Institute of MusicMaster planner I. M. Pei (right), Cleveland’s urban renewal director James Lister (center) and chief architect Jack Hayes at the Erieview Tower construction site, 1954 Slavic VillageThe Cleveland Foundation emerged from the crucible of the 1960s a stronger leader and more strategic grantmaker.Frances Southworth, Goff’s bride and intellectual partnerAn east-side Cleveland elementary school, 1963: growing frustration with what appears to be systematic segregationLake-Geauga FundFlotsam despoiling the beach at Gordon ParkCircle institutions have invested or are planning to invest billions in capital improvements, such as University Hospitals of Cleveland’s new Seidman Cancer Center.1999: Western Reserve Historical SocietyA “City Canvases” mural by graphic designer John MorellCool Cleveland editor and publisher Tom MulreadyA new company that makes and installs solar-panel arrays has been created with foundation support.Tri-C JazzFest, 1993Tri-C’s early use of computers as a teaching aid, c. 1980MAGNET incubator tenant Tom Lix, the founder and CEO of Cleveland Whiskey, which has developed a proprietary process for accelerating the aging of distilled liquorsDavid GoldbergL. Dale Dorney FundAn examination room at the Glenville Health ClinicUniversity Circle’s cultural institutions have long been renowned for their enriching educational activities.The NAACP-Cleveland’s fight for desegregation ultimately leads in 1973 to a federal lawsuit against the Cleveland public schools: the likelihood of court-ordering busing Great Lakes Science CenterAndrew Carnegie, the “king of steel,” created a private foundation to carry out his philanthropic activities. Goff invented a simpler, more affordable mechanism to serve the charitable impulses of caring individuals of all means.1968: Holden Arboretum2001: Cleveland Botanical GardenProposed townhomes for East 118th StreetFostering economic opportunity via college scholarships: Garment workers at Joseph & Feiss Company, makers of the $15 blue serge suitNew Gallery co-founders Marjorie Talalay (left) and Nina Castelli SundellBusiness attraction: The Global Center for Health InnovationCleveland’s busy riverfront, south of the Superior ViaductBelle SherwinPlayhouse Square, c. 1969Neighbors who have come together to work on improvement of their neighborhoodTri-C groundbreaking, 1966Mort Epstein’s Pop Art-inspired electrical outlet, a CAAC-commissioned mural, graced the Union building on Euclid Avenue.MOCA ClevelandDr. King speaking in Rockefeller Park on a visit to Cleveland in 1967. The previous year he had dramatized the issue of housing discrimination by moving his family into a grimy apartment on the segregated west side of Chicago and joining in protest marches into that city’s all-white neighborhoods.Cleveland Public ArtThe Frederick C. Crawford Auto Aviation Collection at the Western Reserve Historical SocietyFirst grants to advance serious medical research in an era still plagued with quackery: The Cunningham Sanitarium, located at East 185th Street and Lake Shore Boulevard, c. 1928. The sanitarium offered patients access to the world’s largest hyperbaric chamber, but its claims for the benefits of oxygen therapy proved specious.Sustaining the excellence of the region’s cultural assets: a summer solstice party at the Cleveland Museum of ArtRobert E. Eckardt, Ph.D.Dispersed by police, the protesters did not succeed in halting construction, but Klunder’s martyrdom inspired the civil rights community to continue what was ultimately a victorious fight against segregation of the Cleveland public schools.Halprin worksheetGreen City Growers Cooperative’s 3.25-acre hydroponic greenhouse in the Central neighborhood opened in 2013.  Famed urban planner Lawrence Halprin (right) presented his ideas for downtown Cleveland’s redevelopment at a public forum in 1975 attended by Cleveland mayor Ralph J. Perk (center) and May Company department store president Francis Coy (left).Kent H. SmithCaptain Frank’s seafood restaurant at the end of the Ninth Street Pier once commanded downtown’s best view of Lake Erie.St. Joseph's Orphanage for Girls on Woodland AvenueInnovation: CleveMed’s wireless sleep monitorStokes with his brother Louis (left)Albert Sabin (left) developed the oral vaccine given to Cleveland children.J. Kimball JohnsonH. Stuart HarrisonFirst Lady Eleanor Roosevelt (third from left) at the 1937 dedication of Lakeview Terrace, the nation’s first public housingTremontSold out! Heritage Lane townhomes, built within walking distance of the CircleThe Goff home on Lake Shore Boulevard in Bratenahl1982: Cleveland Institute of Art1982: The TempleGraduation day at Cleveland Early College High School, 2012Privately developed Beacon Place Townhomes on East 82nd Street—evidence of the return of middle-class Clevelanders to the central cityAdam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies, Oberlin CollegeCleveland OrchestraFrances Southworth GoffThe foundation’s 1915 public education survey resulted in sweeping reform. For decades thereafter, Cleveland’s school system was regarded as a model of excellence.Contaminants flowing into Lake Erie, 1965Homer C. WadsworthTreu-Mart FundHarry Coulby FundsAddressing the changing socioeconomic needs of the African-American community: 20th anniversary convening of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, hosted by Cleveland in 1929Ohio governor John Kasich at the signing of House Bill 525, legislation enabling education reform, in June 2012Mayor Dennis Kucinich’s ceremonial presentation of a post-default debt paymentThe West 25th Street retail district in Ohio City exemplifies the objective recently adopted by Neighborhood Progress, Inc. of restoring market forces in target neighborhoods.Vietnamese lutist Pham Thi Hue was Young Audiences of Northeast Ohio’s artist in residence in 2013.Stanley C. Pace1964: Garden Center of Greater ClevelandThe Board of Education building in downtown Cleveland, longtime headquarters of the system’s central administrationHalprin’s impressionist sketch of Cleveland’s “Flats,” which he praised as a “tremendous resource.”  
Singing AngelsThe 2011 renovation of the Allen Theatre's main auditoriumWade Lagoon, the tranquil heart of Cleveland’s cultural hub 2004: Cleveland Museum of Art1957: Cleveland Museum of Natural HistoryGroundWorks Dance TheaterCommunityFoundationAtlas.org website2010: Hawken SchoolJohn J. Dwyer1996: Dunham Tavern MuseumF. James and Rita Rechin FundThe State TheatreThe Allen Theatre, originally an opulent silent movie house, c. 1938Aretha Franklin at the Tri-C JazzFestThe March on Washington, August 28, 1963, at which Martin Luther King Jr. called upon the nation to make good on democracy’s promise of social and economic freedom for all citizens Goff in a rare moment of leisureLakeview TerraceRonald B. RichardRock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum1973: Severance HallSPACESDancing WheelsJames R. GarfieldAnisfield-Wolf Book AwardsCleveland OrchestraThe formal entrance to the Judson Park retirement community, an independent living facility erected in 1974 next to the traditional nursing home established by the Baptist Home of Ohio in the former Bicknell mansion on Cleveland’s east side1961: Benjamin Rose InstitutePlanning model of Cleveland, c. 1960Apollo’s FireEdgewater Park under state stewardship1959: Cleveland Institute of Music1968: Karamu HouseCharles A. RatnerR. M. Fischer’s Sports StacksMalcolm L. McBrideGeorge and Janet VoinovichMembers of the African-American Philanthropy Committee: Reverend Elmo A. Bean, Doris A. Evans, M.D., David G. Hill, Lillian W. BurkeThe Cleveland Foodbank’s LEED-certified distribution centerA new generation of Circle fansArchitectural drawing of the Cleveland Metropolitan Housing Authority's Lakeview Tower, a senior high-rise proposed for the near west side in 1971A burning desire to be an attorney animated Goff as a young man.  Wade Oval Wednesdays, summertime’s popular outdoor music seriesSteven A. MinterThe foundation’s vision of creating a wind farm in Lake Erie is moving closer to reality.MAGNET’s Prism program helped Cleveland-based Vitamix keep up with demand for its high-end blenders.Palace Theatre lobby1996: Old Stone ChurchInauguration ceremony of the 1975 World Conference of the International Women’s Year, Mexico CityCleveland Housing Network financing programs have helped low- to moderate-income families become homeowners.Uptown, the Circle’s exciting, new high-density neighborhood, has all the amenities associated with urban living.Kucinich proclaiming victory on the eve of his election as mayor in 1977The cast of Nicholas NicklebyLAND Studio’s proposed redesign of Public SquareLeadership of a 1933 initiative to replace squalid tenements with subsidized garden apartmentsLinking city kids to life-enriching programs: Duffy Liturgical Dance teaches children to perform and thus preserve songs and dances created by African slaves in America.Charles P. BoltonRaymond C. MoleyUpper Chester, which abuts the Cleveland Clinic, is the next Circle neighborhood slated for redevelopment.Although the foundation’s trailblazing was a faded tradition by 1955, when this picture of the trustee bank presidents holding a replica of the foundation’s logo was snapped, its stature as the world’s first community trust remained a source of pride.The passenger terminal at Cleveland-Hopkins Airport, c. 1956Barack Obama campaigns at Tri-C, 2007Hough’s frustrations with its seemingly intractable problems erupted into violence during the summer of 1966.By 1929, when Cleveland laid claim to having the tallest skyscraper in the country—the Terminal Tower, evocatively captured here by famed photographer Margaret Bourke-White—the community foundation movement had spread across America.1985: Cleveland State UniversityA landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision righted the injustice experienced by Clarence Earl Gideon, a drifter who was convicted of felony theft because he could not afford an attorney and had defended himself at trial.1975: Kenneth C. Beck Center for the Cultural ArtsFred S. McConnellIn 1967, this Cleveland Heights home, owned by an African American, was bombed in a senseless and vain attempt to halt the suburb’s integration.Cleveland Institute of MusicThe issues facing 21st-century Clevelanders—educational and economic opportunity, neighborhood and cultural vitality, and strong health and human services—are much the same as those with which earlier generations wrestled.Lexington VillageThe Dolan Center for Science and Technology at John Carroll University incorporated green building materials and smart energy and water systems.27 Coltman, a luxury townhome development on the eastern boundary of University CircleCommencement at Tri-C, 1975Cleveland Housing Network was the lead developer of Greenbridge Commons, permanent housing for chronically homeless individuals, in the Fairfax neighborhood.Cleveland schools CEO Eric Gordon and Cleveland mayor Frank Jackson stumping in 2012 for the passage of the first operating levy to be placed on the ballet in 16 yearsThe multitude of organizational nameplates on the door to the Cleveland Foundation’s offices in the 1970s testified to its rebirth as a nexus of progressive philanthropy and an incubator of social-action programs.  1976: Cleveland Play HouseChurch Square Commons, offering affordable apartments for adults 55 and older, is one of the Famicos Foundation’s most recent projects in Hough.Carl B. Stokes at a town hall meeting, 1969: an historic but troubled mayoral administration Ivan Lecaros (right), a master printmaker from Chile, puts the final touches on a drawing for a silkscreen print during his 2012 residency at Zygote Press.Euclid Avenue, looking east, c. 1910The Peter B. Lewis Building, designed by Frank Gehry, is the home of Case Western Reserve University’s Weatherhead School of Management.2004: The Gathering PlaceJames D. WilliamsonMAGNET incubator graduate, DXY Solutions, makes components and software for mobile devices.Entrepreneurship: Wood Trac, an affordable, drop-ceiling system developed and marketed by Sauder Woodworking, a family-owned business in Ashland, Ohio1986: Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and MuseumCleveland Institute of ArtMichael D. White won voter support for “mayoral control” of the Cleveland public schools.Under the leadership of former CEO Baiju Shah, BioEnterprise created, recruited or helped to grow more than 170 local biotechnology companies.Ralph J. Perk lends a hand to the theater restoration project, which began during his tenure as Cleveland mayor. Cleveland Play HouseCleveland, Ohio, the birthplace of an entirely new concept of philanthropy2010: Case Western Reserve University2007: Great Lakes Theater Festival1991: Hathaway Brown SchoolArtist’s conception of the new Regional Transit Authority station planned for Mayfield Road in Little ItalySophisticated life support equipment in an air ambulance made by Nextant Aerospace, Ohio’s only aircraft manufacturer and a MAGNET clientOn his way to building Cleveland Trust into America’s sixth largest bank, Goff occasionally took time out to indulge his passion for fishing.2003: Hanna Perkins Center for Child DevelopmentHarold T. ClarkFrederick Harris Goff, humanitarian, 1858‒1923Malvin E. BankThe reversal of downtown Cleveland’s stagnation, symbolized by the redevelopment of the Terminal Tower, is a 60-year-old work in progress in which the foundation has been steadily engaged.Katharine Holden Thayer by Cindy Naegele1981: Convention and Visitors Bureau of Greater ClevelandInstitute of Pathology at Western Reserve University, as it appeared at its opening in 1929Richard W. PogueReinhold W. Erickson, D.D.S.Great Lakes Theater FestivalGlobal Cleveland’s welcome centerVice President Hubert H. Humphrey showed his support for Stokes’s Cleveland: NOW! initiative on a visit to the city in 1968.Jacqueline F. WoodsHunter MorrisonThe RetreatThe foundation helped to draft and win passage of a clean energy law for Ohio.1972: Huron Road MallGreen City Growers supplies Bibb lettuce, green leaf lettuce, gourmet lettuces and basil to institutional and commercial customers.1976: Sokol Hall2005: ideastreamStokes and his wife, Shirley, on election day, 1968 Clean water advocates, 1968MAGNET consultants helped Nextant Aerospace of Richmond Heights, Ohio, apply lean principles to its specialty business of remanufacturing corporate jets for an under-$5 million market. Leyton E. CarterPresbyterian minister Bruce W. Klunder died while protesting the construction of three public elementary schools that Cleveland’s civil rights community believed would perpetuate a system of segregated and inferior education for African-American students.Business growth: The Greater Cleveland Partnership’s business development teamCleveland voters expressed their hopes for the success of the reform plan by approving the Issue 107 operating levy.1998: Cuyahoga Valley Scenic RailroadCleveland mayor Ralph S. LocherA. E. Convers FundCarl W. BrandAdvocating greater reliance on clean energy: a wind farm in northwestern OhioA greasy-spoon diner and flophouse at Payne and Walnut Avenues downtown, c. 1968—emblems of the City of Cleveland’s intensifying financial distress Ellwood H. FisherCatharine Monroe LewisThe East Central Townhomes, after a $1.2 million renovation by Burten, Bell and Carr Development CorporationProgressive Field at GatewayThe Cleveland Housing Network assisted the Mt. Pleasant Now nonprofit development corporation with the construction of the Union Court senior apartments.Grand opening of the Outhwaite Homes, 1937The gallery's second home on Bellflower Road in University CircleSherwick FundCleveland Museum of ArtCommunityFoundationAtlas.org websiteWelcome committees were organized to greet bused students on their first day at their new crosstown schools. Dancer/choreographer Kapila Palihawadana of Sri Lanka, 2012 artist in residence with the Inlet Dance Theatre, conducts a master dance class at the Beck Center for the Performing Arts.2013: Friends of the Cleveland School of the ArtsThe Great Lakes Science Center’s wind turbineOhio CityGoff did not believe that philanthropy should be the exclusive province of wealthy individuals such as Standard Oil Company founder John D. Rockefeller, a client of Goff’s former law firm.To date, 100 percent of the student body at the School of Science and Medicine goes on to college.Tom L. Johnson, a reformer who served as Cleveland’s mayor from 1901 to 1909, helped to shape the city’s progressive climate. The bulldozer operator accidentally backed over Rev. Klunder in order to avoid hurting the protestors lying in front of him.Kenneth W. Clement M.D.Manchester Bidwell, the Pittsburgh model on which NewBridge is based, has instilled a love of learning in teens who previously did not fare well in school.2000: Cleveland Zoological SocietyCleveland Film SocietyAfter their father's untimely death, future political icons Carl (left) and Louis Stokes lived with their mother at Outhwaite Homes.2009: Cleveland Institute of ArtThe grand opening of The Avenue at Tower City, 19902006: Cleveland Clinic FoundationThe original Free Clinic, a drug treatment center on Cornell RoadJames A. RatnerNewBridge prepares adults for careers as health care technicians.Glenville High School students, 1914