100 Years in Pictures

Singing AngelsBarack Obama campaigns at Tri-C, 2007Stanley C. PaceGreen City Growers supplies Bibb lettuce, green leaf lettuce, gourmet lettuces and basil to institutional and commercial customers.Great Lakes Theater FestivalGroundWorks Dance TheaterNew Gallery co-founders Marjorie Talalay (left) and Nina Castelli SundellGoff in a rare moment of leisureThe multitude of organizational nameplates on the door to the Cleveland Foundation’s offices in the 1970s testified to its rebirth as a nexus of progressive philanthropy and an incubator of social-action programs.  Frances Southworth GoffAddressing the changing socioeconomic needs of the African-American community: 20th anniversary convening of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, hosted by Cleveland in 1929Participants in Parade the Circle, an annual celebration of creativity Donald and Ruth GoodmanThe grand opening of The Avenue at Tower City, 1990First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt (third from left) at the 1937 dedication of Lakeview Terrace, the nation’s first public housingBy 1929, when Cleveland laid claim to having the tallest skyscraper in the country—the Terminal Tower, evocatively captured here by famed photographer Margaret Bourke-White—the community foundation movement had spread across America.1975: Kenneth C. Beck Center for the Cultural ArtsHalprin’s impressionist sketch of Cleveland’s “Flats,” which he praised as a “tremendous resource.”  
Progressive Field at GatewayCleveland BalletCleveland City Hospital’s “iron lung” respirator, used for treating polio patients whose paralyzed muscles cause breathing difficulties, 1933John SherwinCaptain Frank’s seafood restaurant at the end of the Ninth Street Pier once commanded downtown’s best view of Lake Erie.1968: Karamu HouseTremont1982: The TempleUptown, the Circle’s exciting, new high-density neighborhood, has all the amenities associated with urban living.Ohio governor John Kasich at the signing of House Bill 525, legislation enabling education reform, in June 2012Church Square Commons, offering affordable apartments for adults 55 and older, is one of the Famicos Foundation’s most recent projects in Hough.Cleveland, Ohio, the birthplace of an entirely new concept of philanthropyMOCA Cleveland’s faceted, mirrored, four-story art gallery anchors the Uptown development.Lake-Geauga FundA burning desire to be an attorney animated Goff as a young man.  Cleveland OrchestraUpper Chester, which abuts the Cleveland Clinic, is the next Circle neighborhood slated for redevelopment.Support for humanitarian aid to the unemployed: Stone carvers responsible for the iconic pylons of the Lorain-Carnegie Bridge, a rare Depression-era construction project completed in 1932 with bond funds approved before the stock market crashThe foundation’s 1915 public education survey resulted in sweeping reform. For decades thereafter, Cleveland’s school system was regarded as a model of excellence.1985: Cleveland State UniversityCircle institutions have invested or are planning to invest billions in capital improvements, such as University Hospitals of Cleveland’s new Seidman Cancer Center.The Allen Theatre, originally an opulent silent movie house, c. 1938Architectural drawing of the Cleveland Metropolitan Housing Authority's Lakeview Tower, a senior high-rise proposed for the near west side in 1971Neighbors who have come together to work on improvement of their neighborhoodCharles A. Ratner2004: Cleveland Museum of ArtEuclid Avenue, looking east, c. 1910Foundation leaders confer about how to distribute 1947 income of $614,479 to a standing list of charitable institutions and agencies. Foundation director Leyton E. Carter (third from right) is seated next to the board’s sole female member, Constance Mather Bishop. 2010: Hawken School1999: Western Reserve Historical Society2002: Shaker Lakes Regional Nature CenterNancy Dwyer’s Who’s on First? benchTri-C JazzFest, 1993Lexington VillageArtist’s conception of the new Regional Transit Authority station planned for Mayfield Road in Little ItalyCleveland Ballet co-founder Dennis Nahat as the tsar and Nanette Glushak as the tsarina in the company’s signature holiday performance of The NutcrackerMOCA ClevelandFred S. McConnellKucinich proclaiming victory on the eve of his election as mayor in 1977James R. GarfieldFamed urban planner Lawrence Halprin (right) presented his ideas for downtown Cleveland’s redevelopment at a public forum in 1975 attended by Cleveland mayor Ralph J. Perk (center) and May Company department store president Francis Coy (left).Carlton K. Matson1972: Huron Road MallLeadership of a 1933 initiative to replace squalid tenements with subsidized garden apartmentsMort Epstein’s Pop Art-inspired electrical outlet, a CAAC-commissioned mural, graced the Union building on Euclid Avenue.The Cleveland Housing Network assisted the Mt. Pleasant Now nonprofit development corporation with the construction of the Union Court senior apartments.Entrepreneurship: Wood Trac, an affordable, drop-ceiling system developed and marketed by Sauder Woodworking, a family-owned business in Ashland, OhioThe bulldozer operator accidentally backed over Rev. Klunder in order to avoid hurting the protestors lying in front of him.Advocating greater reliance on clean energy: a wind farm in northwestern OhioA landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision righted the injustice experienced by Clarence Earl Gideon, a drifter who was convicted of felony theft because he could not afford an attorney and had defended himself at trial.Hunter MorrisonThe Frederick C. Crawford Auto Aviation Collection at the Western Reserve Historical SocietyA new company that makes and installs solar-panel arrays has been created with foundation support.An assembly line at the Ford Motor Company plant in Brook Park, 1973: manufacturing jobs on the declineCleveland Public ArtCleveland OrchestraRobert E. Eckardt, Ph.D.MAGNET consultants helped Nextant Aerospace of Richmond Heights, Ohio, apply lean principles to its specialty business of remanufacturing corporate jets for an under-$5 million market. Under the leadership of former CEO Baiju Shah, BioEnterprise created, recruited or helped to grow more than 170 local biotechnology companies.1976: Cleveland Play HouseCleveland’s well-financed and -run network of community development organizations targeted this crumbling but historic eight-unit rowhouse in the Central neighborhood for rehabilitation.Sophisticated life support equipment in an air ambulance made by Nextant Aerospace, Ohio’s only aircraft manufacturer and a MAGNET clientWelcome committees were organized to greet bused students on their first day at their new crosstown schools. Contaminants flowing into Lake Erie, 1965An examination room at the Glenville Health Clinic1984: Cleveland Department of Parks, Recreation and PropertiesFrederick Harris Goff, humanitarian, 1858‒1923Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and MuseumCommunityFoundationAtlas.org websiteHomer C. WadsworthApollo’s FireThe State TheatreWade Oval Wednesdays, summertime’s popular outdoor music seriesBelle SherwinFlotsam despoiling the beach at Gordon ParkThe reversal of downtown Cleveland’s stagnation, symbolized by the redevelopment of the Terminal Tower, is a 60-year-old work in progress in which the foundation has been steadily engaged.Although the foundation’s trailblazing was a faded tradition by 1955, when this picture of the trustee bank presidents holding a replica of the foundation’s logo was snapped, its stature as the world’s first community trust remained a source of pride.The Palace, the flagship of the Keith chain of vaudeville theaters, reinvented itself as a wide-screen movie house in the 1950s.Inauguration ceremony of the 1975 World Conference of the International Women’s Year, Mexico CityDispersed by police, the protesters did not succeed in halting construction, but Klunder’s martyrdom inspired the civil rights community to continue what was ultimately a victorious fight against segregation of the Cleveland public schools.Hough’s frustrations with its seemingly intractable problems erupted into violence during the summer of 1966.To date, 100 percent of the student body at the School of Science and Medicine goes on to college.Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey showed his support for Stokes’s Cleveland: NOW! initiative on a visit to the city in 1968.Stokes with his brother Louis (left)Business attraction: The Global Center for Health Innovation1997: Cleveland Clinic Foundation1994: Great Lakes Science MuseumCharles P. BoltonRaymond Q. ArmingtonR. M. Fischer’s Sports StacksJ. Kimball JohnsonBarbara Haas RawsonCleveland Housing Network financing programs have helped low- to moderate-income families become homeowners.Cleveland Play HouseDetroit Shoreway2004: The Gathering PlaceCommunityFoundationAtlas.org websiteReinhold W. Erickson, D.D.S.Lakeview TerraceThe 2011 renovation of the Allen Theatre's main auditoriumIvan Lecaros (right), a master printmaker from Chile, puts the final touches on a drawing for a silkscreen print during his 2012 residency at Zygote Press.A greasy-spoon diner and flophouse at Payne and Walnut Avenues downtown, c. 1968—emblems of the City of Cleveland’s intensifying financial distress Sustaining the excellence of the region’s cultural assets: a summer solstice party at the Cleveland Museum of Art1964: Garden Center of Greater ClevelandThe Cleveland Foodbank’s LEED-certified distribution centerChester Avenue demarks the northern border of the MidTown Corridor.Gordon Park in its heydayMalcolm L. McBrideHarry Coulby FundsL. Dale Dorney FundJames A. NortonGlenville High School students, 1914The Board of Education building in downtown Cleveland, longtime headquarters of the system’s central administrationCatharine Monroe LewisThe passenger terminal at Cleveland-Hopkins Airport, c. 1956Great Lakes Science CenterCleveland Museum of Art1967: Blossom Music CenterThe West 25th Street retail district in Ohio City exemplifies the objective recently adopted by Neighborhood Progress, Inc. of restoring market forces in target neighborhoods.F. James and Rita Rechin FundCleveland Institute of Art1982: Cleveland Institute of ArtDavid GoldbergA new generation of Circle fansThe foundation helped to draft and win passage of a clean energy law for Ohio.2006: Cleveland Clinic FoundationSPACESFrank H. and Nancy L. Porter FundThe Ohio Department of Natural Resources invested more than $40 million in capital improvements to the band of green spaces renamed the Cleveland Lakefront State Park. 2005: ideastreamThe Retreat2009: Cleveland Institute of ArtPalace Theatre lobbyMAGNET incubator tenant Tom Lix, the founder and CEO of Cleveland Whiskey, which has developed a proprietary process for accelerating the aging of distilled liquorsAdam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies, Oberlin CollegeMayor Dennis Kucinich’s ceremonial presentation of a post-default debt paymentEdgewater Park under state stewardshipThe Cleveland Trust Company’s neoclassical banking hall, which opened in 1908, was topped by an immense stained-glass dome.Wade Lagoon, the tranquil heart of Cleveland’s cultural hub Harry Goldblatt, M.D.Projects receiving recent Neighborhood Connection grants have ranged from hands-on crafts classes to the reintroduction of beekeeping.  Ellwood H. Fisher1986: Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and MuseumHolsey Gates HandysideThe gallery's second home on Bellflower Road in University CircleAn owner-employee of the Evergreen Laundry1968: Holden Arboretum2013: Friends of the Cleveland School of the ArtsInnovation: CleveMed’s wireless sleep monitorOn December 15, 1978, Cleveland City Council considered and rejected Mayor Kucinich’s 11th-hour plan to avoid default.Playhouse Square, c. 1969The Cleveland Foundation emerged from the crucible of the 1960s a stronger leader and more strategic grantmaker.Andrew Carnegie, the “king of steel,” created a private foundation to carry out his philanthropic activities. Goff invented a simpler, more affordable mechanism to serve the charitable impulses of caring individuals of all means.Aretha Franklin at the Tri-C JazzFestDancing WheelsFostering economic opportunity via college scholarships: Garment workers at Joseph & Feiss Company, makers of the $15 blue serge suit1956: Cleveland Institute of ArtBusiness growth: The Greater Cleveland Partnership’s business development teamFrances Southworth, Goff’s bride and intellectual partner2007: Great Lakes Theater Festival2002: Cleveland Institute of Music1961: Benjamin Rose InstituteTreu-Mart FundOhio CityKaramu HouseSherwick FundGeorge and Janet VoinovichGoff did not believe that philanthropy should be the exclusive province of wealthy individuals such as Standard Oil Company founder John D. Rockefeller, a client of Goff’s former law firm.The issues facing 21st-century Clevelanders—educational and economic opportunity, neighborhood and cultural vitality, and strong health and human services—are much the same as those with which earlier generations wrestled.Cleveland mayor Ralph S. LocherThe Goff home on Lake Shore Boulevard in BratenahlStokes and his wife, Shirley, on election day, 1968 Sold out! Heritage Lane townhomes, built within walking distance of the CircleCleveland Housing Network was the lead developer of Greenbridge Commons, permanent housing for chronically homeless individuals, in the Fairfax neighborhood.After their father's untimely death, future political icons Carl (left) and Louis Stokes lived with their mother at Outhwaite Homes.A “City Canvases” mural by graphic designer John Morell1996: Dunham Tavern MuseumCleveland voters expressed their hopes for the success of the reform plan by approving the Issue 107 operating levy.Richard W. PogueGlobal Cleveland’s welcome center2000: Cleveland Zoological SocietyDr. King speaking in Rockefeller Park on a visit to Cleveland in 1967. The previous year he had dramatized the issue of housing discrimination by moving his family into a grimy apartment on the segregated west side of Chicago and joining in protest marches into that city’s all-white neighborhoods.Kent H. Smith1957: Cleveland Museum of Natural HistoryThe March on Washington, August 28, 1963, at which Martin Luther King Jr. called upon the nation to make good on democracy’s promise of social and economic freedom for all citizens Presbyterian minister Bruce W. Klunder died while protesting the construction of three public elementary schools that Cleveland’s civil rights community believed would perpetuate a system of segregated and inferior education for African-American students.Michael D. White won voter support for “mayoral control” of the Cleveland public schools.Vietnamese lutist Pham Thi Hue was Young Audiences of Northeast Ohio’s artist in residence in 2013.Cool Cleveland editor and publisher Tom MulreadyMAGNET incubator graduate, DXY Solutions, makes components and software for mobile devices.MAGNET’s Prism program helped Cleveland-based Vitamix keep up with demand for its high-end blenders.The restored Hungarian Cultural GardenCleveland schools CEO Eric Gordon and Cleveland mayor Frank Jackson stumping in 2012 for the passage of the first operating levy to be placed on the ballet in 16 yearsThe foundation’s vision of creating a wind farm in Lake Erie is moving closer to reality.1986: Cain ParkCleveland’s busy riverfront, south of the Superior ViaductRonald B. RichardMembers of the African-American Philanthropy Committee: Reverend Elmo A. Bean, Doris A. Evans, M.D., David G. Hill, Lillian W. BurkeLeyton E. CarterJohn L. McChord2000: Therapeutic Riding CenterAlbert Sabin (left) developed the oral vaccine given to Cleveland children.St. Joseph's Orphanage for Girls on Woodland AvenueManchester Bidwell, the Pittsburgh model on which NewBridge is based, has instilled a love of learning in teens who previously did not fare well in school.The formal entrance to the Judson Park retirement community, an independent living facility erected in 1974 next to the traditional nursing home established by the Baptist Home of Ohio in the former Bicknell mansion on Cleveland’s east side1981: Convention and Visitors Bureau of Greater ClevelandThe Great Lakes Science Center’s wind turbinePrivately developed Beacon Place Townhomes on East 82nd Street—evidence of the return of middle-class Clevelanders to the central cityOn his way to building Cleveland Trust into America’s sixth largest bank, Goff occasionally took time out to indulge his passion for fishing.Raymond C. MoleyNewBridge prepares adults for careers as health care technicians.Green City Growers Cooperative’s 3.25-acre hydroponic greenhouse in the Central neighborhood opened in 2013.  Evergreen Energy Solution’s photovoltaic panelsClean water advocates, 1968Malvin E. BankDancer/choreographer Kapila Palihawadana of Sri Lanka, 2012 artist in residence with the Inlet Dance Theatre, conducts a master dance class at the Beck Center for the Performing Arts.2006: MOCA ClevelandTom L. Johnson, a reformer who served as Cleveland’s mayor from 1901 to 1909, helped to shape the city’s progressive climate. Anisfield-Wolf Book AwardsThe NAACP-Cleveland’s fight for desegregation ultimately leads in 1973 to a federal lawsuit against the Cleveland public schools: the likelihood of court-ordering busing 2003: Hanna Perkins Center for Child DevelopmentGoff wisely decided that an independent citizen’s committee should determine how a community foundation’s income should be distributed, rather than the directors of the foundation’s trustee bank. Proposed townhomes for East 118th StreetRalph J. Perk lends a hand to the theater restoration project, which began during his tenure as Cleveland mayor. LAND Studio’s proposed redesign of Public SquareSteven A. MinterTri-C groundbreaking, 1966Protest demonstration at Cleveland State University, 1969: poverty rates in the central city on the rise1996: Old Stone Church1959: Cleveland Institute of Music1976: Sokol Hall2010: Case Western Reserve UniversityThe East Central Townhomes, after a $1.2 million renovation by Burten, Bell and Carr Development CorporationThe original Free Clinic, a drug treatment center on Cornell RoadKatharine Holden Thayer by Cindy NaegeleA satellite photograph of Lake Erie, downtown Cleveland and the Cuyahoga River valley: The foundation has learned to take the long view in helping the community craft fresh responses to persistent urban problems.Grand opening of the Outhwaite Homes, 1937FairfaxJohn J. DwyerCarl W. BrandThe Dolan Center for Science and Technology at John Carroll University incorporated green building materials and smart energy and water systems.Institute of Pathology at Western Reserve University, as it appeared at its opening in 1929Linking city kids to life-enriching programs: Duffy Liturgical Dance teaches children to perform and thus preserve songs and dances created by African slaves in America.The Peter B. Lewis Building, designed by Frank Gehry, is the home of Case Western Reserve University’s Weatherhead School of Management.Tri-C’s early use of computers as a teaching aid, c. 1980John Sherwin Jr.Barbecue restaurant owner Al (Bubba) Baker received a microloan that enabled the former Browns football player to begin local distribution of his proprietary de-boned baby-back ribs.Harold T. ClarkA. E. Convers Fund1998: Cuyahoga Valley Scenic RailroadIn 1967, this Cleveland Heights home, owned by an African American, was bombed in a senseless and vain attempt to halt the suburb’s integration.Cleveland Film Society2001: Cleveland Botanical GardenSlavic VillageAlfred M. Rankin Jr.An east-side Cleveland elementary school, 1963: growing frustration with what appears to be systematic segregationCommencement at Tri-C, 1975James A. RatnerHalprin worksheetUniversity Circle’s cultural institutions have long been renowned for their enriching educational activities.Kenneth W. Clement M.D.27 Coltman, a luxury townhome development on the eastern boundary of University CircleMaster planner I. M. Pei (right), Cleveland’s urban renewal director James Lister (center) and chief architect Jack Hayes at the Erieview Tower construction site, 1954 Cleveland Institute of Music1973: Severance Hall1991: Hathaway Brown SchoolJames D. WilliamsonH. Stuart HarrisonJacqueline F. WoodsTitle VIII (the “Federal Fair Housing Act”) of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, signed by President Johnson a week after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., advanced the struggle for integration taking place in Cleveland’s eastern suburbs and elsewhere across the nation.Carl B. Stokes at a town hall meeting, 1969: an historic but troubled mayoral administration First grants to advance serious medical research in an era still plagued with quackery: The Cunningham Sanitarium, located at East 185th Street and Lake Shore Boulevard, c. 1928. The sanitarium offered patients access to the world’s largest hyperbaric chamber, but its claims for the benefits of oxygen therapy proved specious.Graduation day at Cleveland Early College High School, 2012Planning model of Cleveland, c. 1960The cast of Nicholas Nickleby