100 Years in Pictures

Flotsam despoiling the beach at Gordon ParkRaymond Q. ArmingtonTo date, 100 percent of the student body at the School of Science and Medicine goes on to college.The Dolan Center for Science and Technology at John Carroll University incorporated green building materials and smart energy and water systems.Institute of Pathology at Western Reserve University, as it appeared at its opening in 1929The Palace, the flagship of the Keith chain of vaudeville theaters, reinvented itself as a wide-screen movie house in the 1950s.Edgewater Park under state stewardshipMort Epstein’s Pop Art-inspired electrical outlet, a CAAC-commissioned mural, graced the Union building on Euclid Avenue.The March on Washington, August 28, 1963, at which Martin Luther King Jr. called upon the nation to make good on democracy’s promise of social and economic freedom for all citizens 27 Coltman, a luxury townhome development on the eastern boundary of University CircleHalprin worksheetMayor Dennis Kucinich’s ceremonial presentation of a post-default debt paymentJames R. GarfieldCleveland Museum of ArtSold out! Heritage Lane townhomes, built within walking distance of the CircleL. Dale Dorney FundThe State TheatreCleveland OrchestraHough’s frustrations with its seemingly intractable problems erupted into violence during the summer of 1966.The Great Lakes Science Center’s wind turbineInnovation: CleveMed’s wireless sleep monitorPlayhouse Square, c. 1969Dr. King speaking in Rockefeller Park on a visit to Cleveland in 1967. The previous year he had dramatized the issue of housing discrimination by moving his family into a grimy apartment on the segregated west side of Chicago and joining in protest marches into that city’s all-white neighborhoods.Leadership of a 1933 initiative to replace squalid tenements with subsidized garden apartmentsMAGNET’s Prism program helped Cleveland-based Vitamix keep up with demand for its high-end blenders.1967: Blossom Music CenterThe issues facing 21st-century Clevelanders—educational and economic opportunity, neighborhood and cultural vitality, and strong health and human services—are much the same as those with which earlier generations wrestled.Frank H. and Nancy L. Porter FundAlbert Sabin (left) developed the oral vaccine given to Cleveland children.Addressing the changing socioeconomic needs of the African-American community: 20th anniversary convening of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, hosted by Cleveland in 1929MAGNET incubator graduate, DXY Solutions, makes components and software for mobile devices.1968: Karamu HouseF. James and Rita Rechin Fund1957: Cleveland Museum of Natural HistoryRock and Roll Hall of Fame and MuseumRalph J. Perk lends a hand to the theater restoration project, which began during his tenure as Cleveland mayor. 1961: Benjamin Rose Institute1964: Garden Center of Greater ClevelandMaster planner I. M. Pei (right), Cleveland’s urban renewal director James Lister (center) and chief architect Jack Hayes at the Erieview Tower construction site, 1954 Singing AngelsGreen City Growers supplies Bibb lettuce, green leaf lettuce, gourmet lettuces and basil to institutional and commercial customers.Cleveland Institute of MusicUptown, the Circle’s exciting, new high-density neighborhood, has all the amenities associated with urban living.Harold T. ClarkAnisfield-Wolf Book AwardsTom L. Johnson, a reformer who served as Cleveland’s mayor from 1901 to 1909, helped to shape the city’s progressive climate. Great Lakes Theater FestivalAfter their father's untimely death, future political icons Carl (left) and Louis Stokes lived with their mother at Outhwaite Homes.Ronald B. RichardJohn J. Dwyer1996: Old Stone ChurchFred S. McConnellTri-C JazzFest, 1993Lake-Geauga FundTri-C groundbreaking, 1966Upper Chester, which abuts the Cleveland Clinic, is the next Circle neighborhood slated for redevelopment.Protest demonstration at Cleveland State University, 1969: poverty rates in the central city on the riseContaminants flowing into Lake Erie, 1965Welcome committees were organized to greet bused students on their first day at their new crosstown schools. In 1967, this Cleveland Heights home, owned by an African American, was bombed in a senseless and vain attempt to halt the suburb’s integration.Sophisticated life support equipment in an air ambulance made by Nextant Aerospace, Ohio’s only aircraft manufacturer and a MAGNET clientHolsey Gates HandysideSPACES2006: MOCA ClevelandAn assembly line at the Ford Motor Company plant in Brook Park, 1973: manufacturing jobs on the declineThe Board of Education building in downtown Cleveland, longtime headquarters of the system’s central administrationMOCA Cleveland’s faceted, mirrored, four-story art gallery anchors the Uptown development.Cleveland schools CEO Eric Gordon and Cleveland mayor Frank Jackson stumping in 2012 for the passage of the first operating levy to be placed on the ballet in 16 years1976: Sokol HallUnder the leadership of former CEO Baiju Shah, BioEnterprise created, recruited or helped to grow more than 170 local biotechnology companies.Andrew Carnegie, the “king of steel,” created a private foundation to carry out his philanthropic activities. Goff invented a simpler, more affordable mechanism to serve the charitable impulses of caring individuals of all means.Barack Obama campaigns at Tri-C, 2007Cleveland Housing Network financing programs have helped low- to moderate-income families become homeowners.Detroit ShorewayHarry Goldblatt, M.D.The original Free Clinic, a drug treatment center on Cornell RoadFrances Southworth GoffMembers of the African-American Philanthropy Committee: Reverend Elmo A. Bean, Doris A. Evans, M.D., David G. Hill, Lillian W. BurkeCleveland City Hospital’s “iron lung” respirator, used for treating polio patients whose paralyzed muscles cause breathing difficulties, 1933The restored Hungarian Cultural GardenStokes and his wife, Shirley, on election day, 1968 First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt (third from left) at the 1937 dedication of Lakeview Terrace, the nation’s first public housingArchitectural drawing of the Cleveland Metropolitan Housing Authority's Lakeview Tower, a senior high-rise proposed for the near west side in 1971Kent H. SmithDancer/choreographer Kapila Palihawadana of Sri Lanka, 2012 artist in residence with the Inlet Dance Theatre, conducts a master dance class at the Beck Center for the Performing Arts.Leyton E. Carter1968: Holden ArboretumThe Cleveland Housing Network assisted the Mt. Pleasant Now nonprofit development corporation with the construction of the Union Court senior apartments.The Goff home on Lake Shore Boulevard in BratenahlChester Avenue demarks the northern border of the MidTown Corridor.2002: Shaker Lakes Regional Nature CenterThe 2011 renovation of the Allen Theatre's main auditorium1982: Cleveland Institute of ArtRaymond C. MoleyJames D. WilliamsonCarl W. BrandEvergreen Energy Solution’s photovoltaic panelsCommunityFoundationAtlas.org website1976: Cleveland Play HouseNeighbors who have come together to work on improvement of their neighborhood1982: The TempleEntrepreneurship: Wood Trac, an affordable, drop-ceiling system developed and marketed by Sauder Woodworking, a family-owned business in Ashland, OhioTreu-Mart FundGraduation day at Cleveland Early College High School, 20121986: Cain ParkThe grand opening of The Avenue at Tower City, 1990Aretha Franklin at the Tri-C JazzFestWade Lagoon, the tranquil heart of Cleveland’s cultural hub 1959: Cleveland Institute of Music1994: Great Lakes Science Museum1981: Convention and Visitors Bureau of Greater ClevelandThe Ohio Department of Natural Resources invested more than $40 million in capital improvements to the band of green spaces renamed the Cleveland Lakefront State Park. Harry Coulby FundsThe Cleveland Foodbank’s LEED-certified distribution centerMAGNET incubator tenant Tom Lix, the founder and CEO of Cleveland Whiskey, which has developed a proprietary process for accelerating the aging of distilled liquorsVice President Hubert H. Humphrey showed his support for Stokes’s Cleveland: NOW! initiative on a visit to the city in 1968.Apollo’s Fire2003: Hanna Perkins Center for Child DevelopmentCircle institutions have invested or are planning to invest billions in capital improvements, such as University Hospitals of Cleveland’s new Seidman Cancer Center.Green City Growers Cooperative’s 3.25-acre hydroponic greenhouse in the Central neighborhood opened in 2013.  1998: Cuyahoga Valley Scenic RailroadOn December 15, 1978, Cleveland City Council considered and rejected Mayor Kucinich’s 11th-hour plan to avoid default.Sustaining the excellence of the region’s cultural assets: a summer solstice party at the Cleveland Museum of ArtGordon Park in its heyday1997: Cleveland Clinic Foundation1975: Kenneth C. Beck Center for the Cultural ArtsNew Gallery co-founders Marjorie Talalay (left) and Nina Castelli SundellParticipants in Parade the Circle, an annual celebration of creativity Cleveland Film Society1985: Cleveland State University1996: Dunham Tavern Museum2000: Cleveland Zoological SocietyCarlton K. MatsonAn east-side Cleveland elementary school, 1963: growing frustration with what appears to be systematic segregationBusiness attraction: The Global Center for Health InnovationThe cast of Nicholas NicklebyHomer C. WadsworthCleveland Ballet co-founder Dennis Nahat as the tsar and Nanette Glushak as the tsarina in the company’s signature holiday performance of The NutcrackerThe NAACP-Cleveland’s fight for desegregation ultimately leads in 1973 to a federal lawsuit against the Cleveland public schools: the likelihood of court-ordering busing Halprin’s impressionist sketch of Cleveland’s “Flats,” which he praised as a “tremendous resource.”  
The East Central Townhomes, after a $1.2 million renovation by Burten, Bell and Carr Development CorporationJames A. Norton2006: Cleveland Clinic FoundationMalcolm L. McBridePlanning model of Cleveland, c. 1960A new company that makes and installs solar-panel arrays has been created with foundation support.Dispersed by police, the protesters did not succeed in halting construction, but Klunder’s martyrdom inspired the civil rights community to continue what was ultimately a victorious fight against segregation of the Cleveland public schools.Presbyterian minister Bruce W. Klunder died while protesting the construction of three public elementary schools that Cleveland’s civil rights community believed would perpetuate a system of segregated and inferior education for African-American students.Progressive Field at GatewayCleveland Public ArtThe foundation helped to draft and win passage of a clean energy law for Ohio.Vietnamese lutist Pham Thi Hue was Young Audiences of Northeast Ohio’s artist in residence in 2013.Adam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies, Oberlin CollegeThe Frederick C. Crawford Auto Aviation Collection at the Western Reserve Historical Society2010: Hawken SchoolLAND Studio’s proposed redesign of Public SquareThe reversal of downtown Cleveland’s stagnation, symbolized by the redevelopment of the Terminal Tower, is a 60-year-old work in progress in which the foundation has been steadily engaged.St. Joseph's Orphanage for Girls on Woodland AvenueThe bulldozer operator accidentally backed over Rev. Klunder in order to avoid hurting the protestors lying in front of him.Business growth: The Greater Cleveland Partnership’s business development teamA burning desire to be an attorney animated Goff as a young man.  The Cleveland Trust Company’s neoclassical banking hall, which opened in 1908, was topped by an immense stained-glass dome.Support for humanitarian aid to the unemployed: Stone carvers responsible for the iconic pylons of the Lorain-Carnegie Bridge, a rare Depression-era construction project completed in 1932 with bond funds approved before the stock market crashAn examination room at the Glenville Health ClinicStanley C. PacePalace Theatre lobby2004: Cleveland Museum of ArtOhio CityIvan Lecaros (right), a master printmaker from Chile, puts the final touches on a drawing for a silkscreen print during his 2012 residency at Zygote Press.Although the foundation’s trailblazing was a faded tradition by 1955, when this picture of the trustee bank presidents holding a replica of the foundation’s logo was snapped, its stature as the world’s first community trust remained a source of pride.The foundation’s vision of creating a wind farm in Lake Erie is moving closer to reality.Linking city kids to life-enriching programs: Duffy Liturgical Dance teaches children to perform and thus preserve songs and dances created by African slaves in America.Commencement at Tri-C, 19752005: ideastreamGoff wisely decided that an independent citizen’s committee should determine how a community foundation’s income should be distributed, rather than the directors of the foundation’s trustee bank. Belle SherwinJ. Kimball JohnsonSlavic VillageCleveland, Ohio, the birthplace of an entirely new concept of philanthropyA “City Canvases” mural by graphic designer John MorellFairfaxThe Peter B. Lewis Building, designed by Frank Gehry, is the home of Case Western Reserve University’s Weatherhead School of Management.Kenneth W. Clement M.D.Steven A. MinterJohn Sherwin2007: Great Lakes Theater Festival1956: Cleveland Institute of ArtThe Allen Theatre, originally an opulent silent movie house, c. 1938John L. McChordTri-C’s early use of computers as a teaching aid, c. 1980Charles A. RatnerOn his way to building Cleveland Trust into America’s sixth largest bank, Goff occasionally took time out to indulge his passion for fishing.Cleveland voters expressed their hopes for the success of the reform plan by approving the Issue 107 operating levy.Proposed townhomes for East 118th StreetBarbara Haas Rawson2002: Cleveland Institute of Music2013: Friends of the Cleveland School of the ArtsNancy Dwyer’s Who’s on First? benchCleveland Institute of ArtCleveland BalletGreat Lakes Science CenterThe foundation’s 1915 public education survey resulted in sweeping reform. For decades thereafter, Cleveland’s school system was regarded as a model of excellence.Dancing Wheels1972: Huron Road MallGlenville High School students, 1914An owner-employee of the Evergreen Laundry2001: Cleveland Botanical GardenFrances Southworth, Goff’s bride and intellectual partnerInauguration ceremony of the 1975 World Conference of the International Women’s Year, Mexico CityCharles P. BoltonThe multitude of organizational nameplates on the door to the Cleveland Foundation’s offices in the 1970s testified to its rebirth as a nexus of progressive philanthropy and an incubator of social-action programs.  The passenger terminal at Cleveland-Hopkins Airport, c. 1956A satellite photograph of Lake Erie, downtown Cleveland and the Cuyahoga River valley: The foundation has learned to take the long view in helping the community craft fresh responses to persistent urban problems.MAGNET consultants helped Nextant Aerospace of Richmond Heights, Ohio, apply lean principles to its specialty business of remanufacturing corporate jets for an under-$5 million market. A. E. Convers FundFrederick Harris Goff, humanitarian, 1858‒1923Cleveland OrchestraCaptain Frank’s seafood restaurant at the end of the Ninth Street Pier once commanded downtown’s best view of Lake Erie.A new generation of Circle fansBarbecue restaurant owner Al (Bubba) Baker received a microloan that enabled the former Browns football player to begin local distribution of his proprietary de-boned baby-back ribs.Kucinich proclaiming victory on the eve of his election as mayor in 1977Cleveland’s well-financed and -run network of community development organizations targeted this crumbling but historic eight-unit rowhouse in the Central neighborhood for rehabilitation.A landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision righted the injustice experienced by Clarence Earl Gideon, a drifter who was convicted of felony theft because he could not afford an attorney and had defended himself at trial.TremontCatharine Monroe LewisCommunityFoundationAtlas.org websiteFirst grants to advance serious medical research in an era still plagued with quackery: The Cunningham Sanitarium, located at East 185th Street and Lake Shore Boulevard, c. 1928. The sanitarium offered patients access to the world’s largest hyperbaric chamber, but its claims for the benefits of oxygen therapy proved specious.Richard W. PogueAlfred M. Rankin Jr.The West 25th Street retail district in Ohio City exemplifies the objective recently adopted by Neighborhood Progress, Inc. of restoring market forces in target neighborhoods.1991: Hathaway Brown School2009: Cleveland Institute of ArtDonald and Ruth Goodman1986: Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum2010: Case Western Reserve UniversityThe formal entrance to the Judson Park retirement community, an independent living facility erected in 1974 next to the traditional nursing home established by the Baptist Home of Ohio in the former Bicknell mansion on Cleveland’s east sideH. Stuart HarrisonArtist’s conception of the new Regional Transit Authority station planned for Mayfield Road in Little Italy1984: Cleveland Department of Parks, Recreation and PropertiesJacqueline F. WoodsHunter MorrisonMichael D. White won voter support for “mayoral control” of the Cleveland public schools.Cool Cleveland editor and publisher Tom MulreadyChurch Square Commons, offering affordable apartments for adults 55 and older, is one of the Famicos Foundation’s most recent projects in Hough.Lexington VillageGeorge and Janet Voinovich2000: Therapeutic Riding CenterGrand opening of the Outhwaite Homes, 1937GroundWorks Dance TheaterClean water advocates, 1968Advocating greater reliance on clean energy: a wind farm in northwestern OhioFamed urban planner Lawrence Halprin (right) presented his ideas for downtown Cleveland’s redevelopment at a public forum in 1975 attended by Cleveland mayor Ralph J. Perk (center) and May Company department store president Francis Coy (left).The Cleveland Foundation emerged from the crucible of the 1960s a stronger leader and more strategic grantmaker.Stokes with his brother Louis (left)Reinhold W. Erickson, D.D.S.Goff did not believe that philanthropy should be the exclusive province of wealthy individuals such as Standard Oil Company founder John D. Rockefeller, a client of Goff’s former law firm.Sherwick FundJohn Sherwin Jr.James A. RatnerBy 1929, when Cleveland laid claim to having the tallest skyscraper in the country—the Terminal Tower, evocatively captured here by famed photographer Margaret Bourke-White—the community foundation movement had spread across America.1973: Severance HallManchester Bidwell, the Pittsburgh model on which NewBridge is based, has instilled a love of learning in teens who previously did not fare well in school.The Retreat1999: Western Reserve Historical Society2004: The Gathering PlaceThe gallery's second home on Bellflower Road in University CircleFostering economic opportunity via college scholarships: Garment workers at Joseph & Feiss Company, makers of the $15 blue serge suitCarl B. Stokes at a town hall meeting, 1969: an historic but troubled mayoral administration Projects receiving recent Neighborhood Connection grants have ranged from hands-on crafts classes to the reintroduction of beekeeping.  Foundation leaders confer about how to distribute 1947 income of $614,479 to a standing list of charitable institutions and agencies. Foundation director Leyton E. Carter (third from right) is seated next to the board’s sole female member, Constance Mather Bishop. Katharine Holden Thayer by Cindy NaegelePrivately developed Beacon Place Townhomes on East 82nd Street—evidence of the return of middle-class Clevelanders to the central cityUniversity Circle’s cultural institutions have long been renowned for their enriching educational activities.MOCA ClevelandCleveland Play HouseDavid GoldbergEllwood H. FisherRobert E. Eckardt, Ph.D.NewBridge prepares adults for careers as health care technicians.Euclid Avenue, looking east, c. 1910Title VIII (the “Federal Fair Housing Act”) of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, signed by President Johnson a week after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., advanced the struggle for integration taking place in Cleveland’s eastern suburbs and elsewhere across the nation.Ohio governor John Kasich at the signing of House Bill 525, legislation enabling education reform, in June 2012R. M. Fischer’s Sports StacksMalvin E. BankGlobal Cleveland’s welcome centerGoff in a rare moment of leisureWade Oval Wednesdays, summertime’s popular outdoor music seriesKaramu HouseCleveland mayor Ralph S. LocherLakeview TerraceCleveland Housing Network was the lead developer of Greenbridge Commons, permanent housing for chronically homeless individuals, in the Fairfax neighborhood.Cleveland’s busy riverfront, south of the Superior ViaductA greasy-spoon diner and flophouse at Payne and Walnut Avenues downtown, c. 1968—emblems of the City of Cleveland’s intensifying financial distress